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KNR 253 Processing/Debriefing Cain, Cummings, & Stanchfield, 2005 Dattilo, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "KNR 253 Processing/Debriefing Cain, Cummings, & Stanchfield, 2005 Dattilo, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 KNR 253 Processing/Debriefing Cain, Cummings, & Stanchfield, 2005 Dattilo, 2008

2 John Dewey Father of experiential education In order to truly learn from an experience there must be some reflection Philosophy for experiential education & adventure education

3 Experiential Learning After activity comes reflection Followed by application of new information  Kolb People do not solely learn, grow, or change from an experience Rubber chickens can be just a fun game unless help participants see meaning beyond activity Processing Helps make connections between experience and real life Creates the meaning of an activity

4 Experiential Learning Often not done Not know how to do effectively Not leave enough time Get so involved in activity Processing activities can be dynamic & engaging There is no one time or way to process Sometimes will hear debriefing used for end and process occurring at anytime

5 Processing Is…. Umbrella term for many facilitation techniques Designed to help people describe, reflect, analyze, & communicate about experience Directed to help people generalize what learned in an activity to everyday life Vital technique to use in leisure education

6 Processing An activity during a facilitated experience that helps participants to: Better understand the purpose of the experience Bring closure to an activity Reflect upon the experience Express feelings about the experience Evaluate individual & group performance Transfer the lessons of the experience to future experiences

7 Continuum of Processing Techniques Participant- Facilitator- Centered Centered Processing Processing Mountains SpeakQ&AMetaphoric No Facilitator ManipulationChiji Cards

8 Processing Need a variety of techniques/activities Base on multiple intelligences Logical, kinesthetic, visual, etc. Base on stage of group formation

9 Examples Journal Conversation Writing Art projects Dramatic presentations Dyads Activity sheets Drawing Music Dance

10 4 Forms Noted by Dattilo Frontloading Debriefing Giving feedback Use of metaphors

11 Processing Frontloading Highlight learning prior to activity Review learning from previous activity What behaviors will result in success or hinder success

12 Processing Debriefing Reflection after an activity to bring about change Can occur in relation to each individual activity of a session Can occur at end of entire session Too many questions after each activity effect the flow of the session Can use one thought-provoking question What is the most important thing you are taking away from this activity?

13 Processing Debriefing Make sure objectives are met Medicaid identified a billable session as those therapeutic interventions for processing client’s goals & objectives  Deb Tiger, 2010

14 Processing Giving feedback Learning by telling Should be descriptive vs. evaluative Focus on strengths Well-timed Use of metaphors Connection between experience & life

15 Hints Create safe & positive learning environment Group norms about judgments during processing Tell why processing Sequence processing Begin simple, get more in-depth later Allow members to pass People can learn even if not share with group When learn to trust will share at own pace Allow for some superficial answers/comments Silences are OK Can allow people to formulate ideas

16 Hints Mix up methods Can have small groups for processing Do not always have to have a gimmick Processing can happen at any time not just when activity is over Processing requires planning Tools to be held in hands TRS not only needs a big bag of activities but also a big bag of processing techniques

17 5 Questions Did you notice…? Leader must be observant for meaningful events Did you notice that a few people really took a leadership role? Why did that happen? Does that happen in life? Why does that happen? How can you use that?  Jacobson & Ruddy, 2004

18 Traditional Items Body Part Debrief - $40 Chiji Dice - $35 Chiji Cards - $20 Emotion Cards - $35 Fortune Cookie - $75

19 Where To Find Traditional Items Online at

20 Non-Traditional Items First Aid Kit Legos Building Blocks Playing Cards Beach Ball Let your imagination run wild!!!!!

21 Where to Find Non-Traditional Items Home/office Magazines Old birthday cards Party Store Garage Sale Dollar Store

22 ACTIVITY

23 Prioritizing Work Values Good pay Being challenged Being able to give input Having independence Opportunity for advancement Coworker relationships Good hours Being stimulated Having people’s respect Job security Equal opportunity Pride in work

24 Prioritizing Leisure Values Learning Staying at home Physical challenge Planning in advance Playing catch up Being alone Socializing Going somewhere Excitement Spontaneous Fulfill commitments Keeping my mind off work

25 Prioritizing Relationship Values Laughter Independent interests Open communication Honesty Not clinging Romance Common interests Physically attractive Trust Open about feelings Puts me first Intelligent


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