Presentation on theme: "Focus on Instructional Support"— Presentation transcript:
1Focus on Instructional Support CLASSFocus on Instructional Support
2Desired Outcomes: By the end of this session participants will be able to utilize strategies to improve the quality ofstudent/teacher interactions and student learningas measured by the CLASS Tool.
3Anticipation GuideIt is a method of garnering interest in a topic and accessing prior knowledge. ACTIVITY
4CLASS Overview CLASS is mandated by Head Start Designed to evaluate student/teacher interactionsThere are 3 Domains and a variety of Indicators and Behavioral Markers for eachThe tool uses a rating scale of 1-7Past observations reveal that the Instructional Support Domain is an area of weakness
5Our Focus Under Classroom Organization Domain Instructional Learning FormatUnder Instructional Support DomainConcept DevelopmentQuality FeedbackLanguage ModelingRemind participants about the Desired Outcomes
6Classroom Organization: Instructional Learning Formats Measures ways in which teachers maximize children’s interest, engagement, and ability to learn from lessons and activitiesChildren who are interested and engaged in classroom activities and lessons learn more.
7Instructional Learning Format Teachers need to:Be effective facilitatorsUtilize a variety of materials and modalitiesPlan interesting activitiesClearly state learning objectives1.Teachers should utilize a variety of questioning techniques that encourage open-ended responses. Teachers must constantly rotate throughout the room and be active participants in the learning process2. Materials should address a multitude of learning styles and interests which allow opportunities for movement3. Lesson objectives should be clearly stated and then summarized at the end of the lesson.
8Concept DevelopmentConcept Development describes an intentional approach by the teacher to tie together concepts across activities and bring concepts to life by applying them to children’s everyday world.Lesson Plans
9How can I provide effective concept development ? Analysis and ReasoningWhy and/or how questionsProblem solvingPrediction/experimentationClassification/comparisonEvaluation1.Use instructional strategies that focus on critical thinking, such as sequencing, comparing and contrasting, and problem-solving activities.Example “Why do you think, John is smiling?” and “How would you feel if this happened to you?”
10How can I provide effective concept development ? Creating 1. Brainstorm 2. Planning 3. ProducingExamples: “What might you do to make sure that everyone gets a turn.”Examples: children might use blocks to build a house or railroad. When appropriate, take time to support children in brainstorming and planning before they create something.
11How can I provide effective concept development ? IntegrationConnect conceptsIntegrate with previous knowledgePurposefully choose learning activities, both within a given day and across weeks and months, that focus on similar concepts.Make clear connections among these concepts for your children so that their knowledge and understanding can be generalized and flexibly applied in different situationsExamples: a lesson on snow, the teacher may first talk with children about the other types of weather; Link-”How is snow different from rain?”
12How can I provide effective concept development ? Connections to the real worldReal world applicationsRelate to student’s livesDuring explanations of a concept, use examples that are likely to occur in children’s lives and encourage them to add their own examples.Examples: ask them to tell you the order of the steps necessary for brushing their teeth and make the connection to the steps in the daily schedule
13Concept Development ACTIVITY Take time to plan for concept development through intentional, purposeful lesson planningEncourage children to explore a variety of open-ended materials and use them in different ways.ACTIVITYWhile you are putting together your lesson plans for the week, take a moment to think about how you might embed more concept development into a few of your lessons. Come up with questions or activities that will stimulate the children to think deeply and understand concepts more fully.Examples: children want to build a castle with blocks, help them brainstorm the different parts of a castle and who lives in a castle, and provide them with paper to draw their castle before they build it.
14Activity Instructional Support Concept Development Analysis and ReasoningCreatingIntegrationConnection to the Real World
15Quality of FeedbackChildren learn the most when they are consistently given feedback that expands their knowledge or builds on their performance of a taskWhen children give correct answers, use this as an opportunity to create a learning moment by asking follow-up questions such as, “How did you know that?” or “How did you figure that out?”Remember to use you “Wh” questions Who, What, Why, Where, When and How
16Quality Feedback Give hints Provide assistance Scaffolding If a child is having a hard time understanding a concept or coming up with an answer, provide hints to help the child get to the answer rather than just telling her or moving to another child. Example, “Can you think of a word that rhymes with your name, Matt? How about bat…Matt/bat? What else rhymes with Matt and bat?”If you ask a question and the child is unable to answer, try simplifying your question to something more concrete, like a yes or no question, to support the child in responding
17Quality of Feedback Feedback Loops Back and forth exchanges Persistence by teacherFollow-up questions1. Some of the best feedback occurs when teachers ask a series of follow-up questions to elicit a deeper understanding from children. After a child responds, ask another question of that child or of the whole class. Keep this conversational “feedback loop” going until you are sure children really understand what you are trying to teach.
18Quality of Feedback Prompting Thought Processes Ask students to explain thinkingQueries responses and actions1. Always lookout for opportunities to give feedback. 2. Walk around the classroom when children are working independently. Take the time to listen and respond in a thoughtful way to what children have to say during group lessons.
19Quality of FeedbackProviding Information 1. Expansion 2. Clarification 3. Specific feedbackRather than telling children “nice job” or “good work”, give them specific information about why their answers are correct or incorrect. This not only provides the child with more information, but it also may help other children who weren’t sure of the correct answer.Example, “This does look like a horse but this animal is called a zebra because it has black and white stripes. Horses don’t have black and white stripes.“The bean bag didn’t get all the way to the hoop, James, so you might try throwing it harder”
20Quality of Feedback Encourage and Affirmation Recognition ReinforcementStudent persistence1.Example, you might say to children who are working on a large floor puzzle, “I see how hard you are working on that big puzzle. With teamwork, I know you guys will be able to do it. Call me over if you need any help!” You need to recognize and acknowledge effort3. Encourage them to persist in thinking about something or completing a task.
21Quality Feedback ACTIVITY Utilize the following techniques:: ScaffoldingFeedback loopsPrompting thought processesProviding informationEncourage and AffirmationACTIVITY
22Language ModelingTeachers model language when they intentionally encourage, respond to, and expand children’s speech; Teachers also model language when communicating with other adultsEncourage children’s use of language by giving them opportunities to share thoughts and ideas. Provide relevant and interesting topics and things for children to talk about.
23How can I improve language modeling in my classroom? Frequent ConversationBack-and-forth exchangesContingent respondingPeer conversationConversation can occur throughout the day during structured times, such as meeting time, and unstructured times, such as snack and free play. Converse with children individually and in small groups. Listen to what children say and respond in a way that shows you are interested in what they have to say. Ask follow-up question to keep the conversation going and include some open-ended questions to encourage children to contribute more to the conversation.
24Language Modeling Open-ended Questions Questions require more than a one-word responseStudents respondChildren generate thoughts, information and reasons when asked a questions that doesn’t have a known answer. Questions like, encourage children to use language in more sophisticated ways, rather than just giving right answers or short responses.
25Language Modeling Repeats Extends/elaborates Repetition and Extension Build on what children say, model appropriate and more complex language and syntax, and provide examples for the different ways we use language. Example, if a child says, “That boy gives me his boat,” a teacher may respond, “Evan gave you his boat.” This response models the social language skill of using a person’s name and offers correct grammatical forms.
26Language Modeling Maps own actions with language Self- and Parallel TalkMaps own actions with languageMaps student action with languageTalk about what you are doing or what the children are doing to help them link language and action in a way that can help develop their vocabulary and language skills. Example of self-talk would be: “I’m going to give each of you two graham crackers. I’m opening the box, and now I am handing them out to each of you.” In parallel talk, you provide language for children’s actions such as, Example: You put on the chef’s hat and an apron, and now you’re getting out a pot.”
27Language Modeling Variety of words Advanced LanguageVariety of wordsConnected to familiar words and/ or ideasUse different kinds of words, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and prepositions, as well as new or unfamiliar vocabulary. Talk about these words in simple terms that relate to the children’s life. Example, if a child lists all the colors in her hat, “Red, blue, yellow, green,” respond with , “It’s a multicolored hat.” this links what the child knows to more advanced language and summarizes known concepts with a new related word.
28Activity What would you say? Ask an open-ended question to a child in the block areaRespond with repetition and extension to a child that says, “her has my truck.”While setting up for lunch, use self and parallel talk.Using advanced language, connect falling leaves and the word autumnEach pair answers all the questions
29Reflection Individually, review the Anticipation Guide. Mark Answers on the Right SideHave any answers been changed?