Uncertainty reduction theory suggests that when we meet others, our need to know about them tends to make us draw inferences from observable physical data. Berger’s three prior conditions Anticipation of future contact Incentive value or reward Deviance
Joe Walther states that social information processing theory suggests that electronically mediated relationships grow only to the extent that people gain information about each other and use it to form impressions.
12 Underpersonal Avoid emotional commitments with others Fear others will not like them as they are Overpersonal Can be possessive and jealous Go to extremes to get acceptance Personal Are at ease and poised with others Are happy without being liked by everyone
13 Undersocial Do not like to draw attention to themselves Find talking with others threatening Oversocial Dominate conversation Fear being ignored by others Social Are assertive about speaking up Feel comfortable in most situations
14 Abdicrats Submit to others, show little self-confidence Need reinforcement and encouragement Autocrats Show little respect for others Have strong need for control and power Democrats Feel comfortable as leaders or followers Accept other’s suggestions, are open minded
Johari’s Window: Developed by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham (1970) Depicts the four levels of knowledge in relationships and how they interact during self-disclosure – Open area, Blind Area, Hidden Area, and Unknown Area 20
21 As self-disclosure increases in relationships, the open area becomes larger. The open area represents what is known about the self and others in a relationship.