Presentation on theme: "Christianity Spreads to Northern Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1Christianity Spreads to Northern Europe 7.37 Examine the spread of Christianity northof the Alps and the roles played by the early church and by monasteries in its diffusion after the fall of the western half of the Roman Empire.
2Christianity SpreadsAfter the Roman Empire fell, groups from the north and east moved into former Roman landsThey created their own states or kingdomsThis creation of kingdoms started the period we know as the Middle AgesAt the beginning of Middle Ages, many kingdoms were not ChristianChristianity was only common in places heavily influenced by the old Roman waysItaly and Spain
3Christianity SpreadsAs time passed, Christianity spread further north.Two Groups caused this spread northMissionariesMonks
4MissionariesThe most powerful force that helped spread Christianity was the Pope.The Popes sent missionaries to teach people in the north about Christianity.Missionaries are people who try to convert others to a particular religionMissionaries traveled great distancesBecause of their willingness to serve, the Pope and other church leaders named the missionaries SaintsSaint is a religious title given to people famous for their holiness.
5Missionaries First Place the Pope sent missionaries was Britian. They traveled all over the islandMost people became Christian on the island.After England, the missionaries went to France and GermanyNot all missionaries were sent by the PopeSaint Patrick took it upon himself to travel and teach about ChristianityHe traveled to Britain and Ireland and taught the people there.Patrick traveled aloneHe eventually converted the Irish to Christianity
6MonksMonks were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities.Spent their time in:PrayerWorkMeditationCommunities of Monks were called MonasteriesBuilt all over EuropeLife in a monastery was organized.They had to follow rulesDress and Eat
7Monks Monastery rules were typically rules created by Benedict. Also called Benedictine RuleBedding was a mattress,blanket, and a pillowMonks were not allowed own propertyThe abbott was the head of the monastery.Clothing was a cowl( hood), a tunic, stockings, shoes, belt, a knife, a pen, a needle, a handkerchief and writing tablets
8Monks Provided many services Health care Food Schools Copied Books Saved Ancient writings from Greece and RomeScribes and Advisors to local leaders
9Monks Daily Schedule 2:30 a.m. Wake up 3:00 a.m. Early Prayer 5:00 a.m. Study Religious Text6:00 a.m. Dawn Prayers7:30 a.m. Study religious text8:00 a.m. Morning prayers, church service, meeting9:45 a.m. Work in the fields or copy books12:00 p.m. Noon prayers and mass2:00 p.m. Eat the daily meal2:45 p.m. Work in the fields or copy books4:15 p.m. Afternoon Prayers6:15 p.m. Evening Prayers6:30 p.m. Go to sleep
10Exit TicketCreate a Venn Diagram on the similarities and differences of a missionary and a monk.