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Christianity Spreads to Northern Europe

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Presentation on theme: "Christianity Spreads to Northern Europe"— Presentation transcript:

1 Christianity Spreads to Northern Europe
7.37 Examine the spread of Christianity north of the Alps and the roles played by the early church and by monasteries in its diffusion after the fall of the western half of the Roman Empire.

2 Christianity Spreads After the Roman Empire fell, groups from the north and east moved into former Roman lands They created their own states or kingdoms This creation of kingdoms started the period we know as the Middle Ages At the beginning of Middle Ages, many kingdoms were not Christian Christianity was only common in places heavily influenced by the old Roman ways Italy and Spain

3 Christianity Spreads As time passed, Christianity spread further north. Two Groups caused this spread north Missionaries Monks

4 Missionaries The most powerful force that helped spread Christianity was the Pope. The Popes sent missionaries to teach people in the north about Christianity. Missionaries are people who try to convert others to a particular religion Missionaries traveled great distances Because of their willingness to serve, the Pope and other church leaders named the missionaries Saints Saint is a religious title given to people famous for their holiness.

5 Missionaries First Place the Pope sent missionaries was Britian.
They traveled all over the island Most people became Christian on the island. After England, the missionaries went to France and Germany Not all missionaries were sent by the Pope Saint Patrick took it upon himself to travel and teach about Christianity He traveled to Britain and Ireland and taught the people there. Patrick traveled alone He eventually converted the Irish to Christianity

6 Monks Monks were religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities. Spent their time in: Prayer Work Meditation Communities of Monks were called Monasteries Built all over Europe Life in a monastery was organized. They had to follow rules Dress and Eat

7 Monks Monastery rules were typically rules created by Benedict.
Also called Benedictine Rule Bedding was a mattress,blanket, and a pillow Monks were not allowed own property The abbott was the head of the monastery. Clothing was a cowl( hood), a tunic, stockings, shoes, belt, a knife, a pen, a needle, a handkerchief and writing tablets

8 Monks Provided many services Health care Food Schools Copied Books
Saved Ancient writings from Greece and Rome Scribes and Advisors to local leaders

9 Monks Daily Schedule 2:30 a.m. Wake up 3:00 a.m. Early Prayer
5:00 a.m. Study Religious Text 6:00 a.m. Dawn Prayers 7:30 a.m. Study religious text 8:00 a.m. Morning prayers, church service, meeting 9:45 a.m. Work in the fields or copy books 12:00 p.m. Noon prayers and mass 2:00 p.m. Eat the daily meal 2:45 p.m. Work in the fields or copy books 4:15 p.m. Afternoon Prayers 6:15 p.m. Evening Prayers 6:30 p.m. Go to sleep

10 Exit Ticket Create a Venn Diagram on the similarities and differences of a missionary and a monk.

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