15 Sigmund Freud: Oedipus complex Desire for the parent of the opposite sex (son for mother)Universal developmental stage for all male children (ages 3-6)Successful resolution of complex results in identification with same-sex parent
16 Oedipus complex If unresolved – neurosis, “arrested development” Fixation on the fatherOngoing power struggle
17 Die Verwandlung Father / son (oedipal) struggle? Father fixation? Mother fixation? Sister fixation?Son as eternal loser in the oedipal conflict?
18 Masochism Gregor as masochist? Masochism as sign of the son’s defeat in oedipal conflict?Family – esp. sister – as sadists?