15Sigmund Freud: Oedipus complex Desire for the parent of the opposite sex (son for mother)Universal developmental stage for all male children (ages 3-6)Successful resolution of complex results in identification with same-sex parent
16Oedipus complex If unresolved – neurosis, “arrested development” Fixation on the fatherOngoing power struggle
17Die Verwandlung Father / son (oedipal) struggle? Father fixation? Mother fixation? Sister fixation?Son as eternal loser in the oedipal conflict?
18Masochism Gregor as masochist? Masochism as sign of the son’s defeat in oedipal conflict?Family – esp. sister – as sadists?