Presentation on theme: "India’s Energy Security: Role of Renewable Energy"— Presentation transcript:
1 India’s Energy Security: Role of Renewable Energy Amit KumarTERI, India
2 Outline India's energy scenario Challenges Energy security Rationale for renewable energyMarket segmentsConclusions
3 The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) An independent, not-for-profit research institute established in 1974VisionTo work towards global sustainable development, creating innovative solutions for a better tomorrowFocus onEnergy, Environment, Bio-technology, and Sustainable development issues1000 Employee (650 Research Professionals)
4 The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) Sustainable EnergyRenewable energy technologiesSustainable habitatsIndustrial energy efficiencyWaste management and waste to energy
7 Total primary energy supply mix in India Source: IEA 2009
8 Energy supply Coal Major energy source, 81% of total thermal generationElectricityInstalled generating capacity ~ MW (CEA, August 2012)Suffering from huge shortages ( )8.5% energy shortage (likely to increase to 9.3% in )10.6% peak shortageTarget: MW annually for next 7 yearsCaptive power generationCurrently 30,000 MW using fossil fuels
11 Challenges Concerns of: Energy access Increasing energy supply for sustained economic growthEnergizing rural areasSocio-economic developmentEnergy securityEnergy import vulnerabilitiesEnsuring long-term sustainability of energy useClimate change
14 Challenges Poor electrification status Over 289 million people without access to electricity (~ 74 million households)Over 31,000 villages are yet to be electrifiedElectricity supply situation is generally poor even in electrified villagesOver 80% of rural India dependent on traditional fuels for cooking
15 Challenges Urban and peri-urban Rapid pace of urbanisation Use of commercial energy increasing rapidly in residential and commercial sectorsElectricity supply plagued with black-outs and brown-outs
16 Challenges India’s energy demand is growing Government’s endeavour for “Electricity for all by 2012”Per capita electricity consumption: ~ 800 kWh/yearWorld average: 2596 (2005)Target is to increase the availability to 1000 kWh/year by 2012.
17 ChallengesTotal commercial energy consumption is estimated to increases from 284 mtoe in to 1727 mtoe in 2031The import dependency in could reachOil: 88%Coal: 72%
18 ChallengesCommunity services e.g. health, drinking water, education, and ICTs suffer due to lack of energy services
19 Energy security Energy security At the national level At the village levelEnergy security is not only about the risks of fuel supply disruptionEnergy security also pertains to fuel price volatilityThe real risk of volatile energy prices - unpredictable & cause economic activity to decline.
20 Energy securityIndia is endowed with good renewable energy resources like solar, wind, and biomassEven at village level, use of locally available resources is preferable than using fuels transported from the far-flung areas.Renewable energy is more appropriate as the resources are diffused and decentralized.
21 Why renewable energy?The demand for energy in the country has been growing rapidlyThe current trends indicate clearly that the country would be facing constraints in indigenous availability of conventional energy resources.
23 Why renewable energy?Inability of the conventional systems to meet growing energy demands in an equitable and sustainable manner.Need to efficiently and economically meet the energy needs of all the citizens, particularly the rural poor.
24 DiversityIn today’s environment, there is a need for a broad variety of resource options:Ranging from conventional fossil alternatives to renewable (low-risk) energy onesRenewables have minimal operating cost risk
25 Diversity Sources/Systems Estimated potential Power from Renewables Grid-interactive renewable powerWind Power45,000Small Hydro Power (up to 25 MW)15,000Cogeneration-bagasse5,000Decentralized Energy SystemsFamily Type Biogas Plant12 millionSolar Photovoltaic Programme20 MW/Sq.km.Solar water Heating Systems140 million sq.m. collector area
26 Renewable energy for diverse needs Grid-connected ElectricityDistributed generation of electricity, heat, and cookingRuralIndustrial,Institutional, commercial and community
29 Off-grid rural electrification Around 10,000 villages through off-grid RESolar PVBiomass gasificationSmall hydro
30 Distributed generation in industries Captive power generationCurrently 30,000 MW using fossil fuelsIndustries looking at wind, biomass for captive power generation.Thermal energyHot air for dryingSpices, fish, tea leaves, and tobacco, etc.Hot waterLeather, dairies, textile, and chemicals, etc.Co-generation15,000 MW potentialSugar, breweries, caustic soda, and rice mills etc.
31 ConclusionsIndia has abundant renewable energy resources, which can contribute towards reduction in dependency on imported fossil fuels.Renewables assume special significance in India considering its geographic diversity and size, not to mention the size of its rural economy.India has to chart out a course of action that meets its growing energy needs in a sustainable and environmentally benign fashion.
32 Conclusions This calls for a paradigm shift From supply domination to an integrated approachA judicious mix of improvements in operational and end-use efficiencies and renewable energy technologies.