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AIAA Aviation Delegation to China 23 October – 1 November 2011 Beijing, Xi’an and Shanghai.

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Presentation on theme: "AIAA Aviation Delegation to China 23 October – 1 November 2011 Beijing, Xi’an and Shanghai."— Presentation transcript:

1 AIAA Aviation Delegation to China 23 October – 1 November 2011 Beijing, Xi’an and Shanghai

2 2011 AIAA Delegation Participants Dr. Weinong Chen, Professor, Purdue University Dr. Kevin Kremeyer, CEO, PM & AM Research Dr. John Langford, President, Aurora Flight Sciences Mr. Steve Legensky, Founder and General Manager, Intelligent Light Mr. Patrick Liu, Manager, Marketing Research, AIAA Mr. Jeffrey Nadaner, Director of Strategy, Lockheed Martin Corporation Ms. Merrie Scott, Manager, Industry Partnerships, AIAA Dr. Robert Yancey, Executive Director Global Aerospace, Altair Engineering Dr. Susan Ying, Director, Boeing Research & Technology (Delegation lead) 2

3 Organizations Visited Beijing  US Embassy in Beijing  AVIC Headquarters  CSAA Headquarters  AVIC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Material Xian  AVIC Aircraft Design & Research Institute (FAI)  AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC)  AVIC Aircraft Strength Research Institute  AVIC Xi’an Flight Automatic Control Research Institute  AVIC Xi’an Aero-Engine Group Shanghai  AVIC China National Aeronautical Radio Institute 3

4 Beijing 4

5 U.S. Embassy in Beijing Second largest Embassy and overseas construction project in the history of the Department of State (DoS), 10 acres Building dedication: August 8, 2008 Serves as the bilateral mission between China and the U.S., housing more than 20 federal agencies including FAA 5 Met with:  Keith Anderton, Deputy Political Minister Counselor for U.S. Embassy, U.S. DoS  Erica Thomas, Environment, Science, Technology, and Health, Counselor for U.S. Embassy  Patrick Power, FAA Senior Representative for U.S. Embassy, FAA  Eric Hsu, Commercial Officer, U.S. Embassy, U.S. Commerce Department  Ruben Duran, Commercial Officer, U.S. Embassy, U.S. Commerce Department  Katherine Ranck, Economic Officer, U.S Embassy, U.S. DoS FAA working with Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) and industry  Established the CAAC Technology Support Office in Shanghai and Beijing to approve the type certification in a “shadow certification process” ensuring the CAAC process is in line with FAA standards..  ARJ21’s wing broke during static testing before achieving ultimate predicted load. Failure led the CAAC to limit the aircraft’s flight envelope during its flight test program. This structural issue was resolved as COMAC has redesigned the wing and CAAC has responded by restoring the flight envelope to its fullest

6 U.S. Embassy in Beijing: Messages By 2014, additional 800 million people will travel by air (ATA), China alone will account for over ¼ of this increase (181M by China domestic flights, 33M by Chinese flying internationally). The top 3 airports (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou) handle 1/3 of China’s total passenger traffic Chinese government plan: building 55 new airports in the next 5 years, investing total of $230 B The U.S. Aerospace trade surplus with China was between $4-5 B in 2009 alone, note the overall U.S. trade deficit with China was $273 B in 2010. Overall, complex relationships of cooperation and competition 6 ChinaUSsource Active commercial primary airports1753822010 ATA World’s #1 & 2 busiest airportsBeijing’s PEK (74M)Atlanta’s ATL (89M) Passengers throughput560 Mi620 M2010 data Airspace, military controlled~ 80%~20% Population flown in an airplane10%75%FAA Tremendous Growth Opportunities in China’s Aerospace Industry

7 AVIC Headquarters Meeting (1) 7

8 AVIC Headquarters of 200+ member companies (subsidiaries), established in 2008 Over 400,000 employees in 24 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities 10 EVPs leadership team, led by President Zuoming Lin  Operating Model: “member companies” more like Airbus’s relationship with EADS than Boeing Commercial Airplanes’ enmeshed connection with Boeing.  Subsidiaries may be a profit center but AVIC’s head office, controlling group finances, will retain final say over such major decisions as whether to launch a new aircraft.  CSAA is a part of AVIC  EADS holds 5% of equity stock in one of AVIC’s listed member companies (AviChina, AVIC Industry & Technology Company Limited) Met with:  Dr. Xinguo Zhang, EVP Information, Scientific Research, Avionics, Electromechanics (CSAA)  Dr. Jun Hua, VP, Chinese Aeronautical Establishment (CSAA)  Jinzhong Wei, VP, Science & Technology and IT  Zhou Jun, VP International Business Development  Song Wu, Secretary General, CSAA (also ICAS rep from China) 8 AVIC Headquarters Meeting (2)

9 Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) Founded in 1951 as the Bureau of Aviation Industry, later became the China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC), a consortium of aircraft manufacturers. In 1999 this consortium was split into AVIC I and AVIC II In 2008 AVIC I and II merged back to AVIC because the previous separation resulted in split resources and led to redundant projects. Focus: develop indigenous military technologies and to compete in the civilian airline industry Product base: Military aircraft, Commercial aircraft, Information Technology, Non-Aviation Products (e.g. logistics, assets mgt, finance services, automobiles, etc.) Since 2008, AVIC maintains double digit growth, with total revenue reaching $31B in 2010 July 7, 2011, AVIC ranked 310 among the published Fortune TOP, rising from 330 last year, on the F500 list third consecutive year 9 Rapidly Growing Aerospace Corporation Already on F500 List

10 AVIC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials (BIAM) Established in 1956 2100 employees including 135 PhDs, 517 MSs BIAM is focused on research in advanced materials processing and testing for aircraft, aircraft engines, and helicopters. Site visits included Exhibition Hall and Testing & Inspection Center Met with:  Dr. Xingwu Li, Deputy Director  Dr. Zilong Liao, Director of Lab Composites Application Research  Dr. JianfengTong, Deputy Director of Department of Science and Technology  Dr. Guangping Guo, Deputy Director of Testing and Inspection Center  Dr. Yiwei Shi, Deputy Director of Testing and Inspection Center  Mr. Guangxun Liu, Director of Department of International Cooperation  Ms. Guotong Li, Jinhua Wang, Leimin Zhou, Tian Tian, Staff of Department of International Cooperation 10

11 Collaboration with NASA in 1990’s 8 share-holding companies, 2 Key Labs (Adv. Composites), 10 Labs, 3 academies 341 patents 5 production lines Revenue in 2010: 2.7B RMB AVIC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Material (BIAM) 11 State-of-the-Art Facilities, “Institute” Unlike US Institutes

12 CSAA Signing Ceremony and Reception AIAA – CSAA MOU Official Signing Ceremony as approved by the AIAA Board in January 2011 CSAA and AVIC represented and all would like further collaboration and dialog Specific areas of interest for collaboration discussed where focused on promotion of journals and young professional activities 12

13 Xi’an 13

14 AVIC Aircraft Research & Design Institute 14 Xian FAI

15 AVIC Aircraft Research & Design Institute (FAI) 15 First Aerospace Institute (FAI), established in 1961 Xian to become the Seattle/Toulouse of China 2650 employees including 2060 engineers 12 research departments, 2 development centers Collaboration with Airbus, Boeing, and partnership with university  10 students per year going to Cranfield University, UK for training Programs include (many not listed here)  Turbo prop small transport planes  RJs: MPC-75 (MBB-PRC, worked with Deutsch Airbus), AE100 (also w/ Airbus)  ARJ-21 – designed both in Xian and Shanghai, made in four factories  LE500 – General Aviation (GA) aircraft, test flight in 2003, 8 exported already to Laos  Large Civil Transport – working with Shanghai AVIC corporations Challenges and opportunities:  GA – Training, ATM, special pilot program in Zhuhai (low-altitude airspace opens)  Leapfrog potential in new communication /navigation technologies (ADS-B, Compass)  Participation in Standards activities and technical forum/committees Opportunities for University Collaboration, GA, and AIAA activities Xian FAI

16 AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC) 16 Xian XAC

17 AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry Group (XAC) 17 Established in 1958 20,000 employees Develops and manufactures 30+ types of commercial and military aircraft The first company in the Chinese aviation industry to work with the international market in 1980, and currently cooperates on numerous programs with partners such as Boeing, Airbus, Air Canada, and Air Italy. China's first publicly traded national defense company in 1997, today on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange with annual revenue of 10B+ RMB  Moving from first producing outsourced parts, then components, and finally to core components.  Transforming from labor-intensive, low-end manufacturer to technology-intensive one.  International cooperation format also changed from sub-contract production to joint ventures (JV).  JVs with U.S.-based Goodrich to produce civil aircraft nacelle and landing gears  Acquired FACC (Austrian Future Adv. Composites Corp.) to enter into R&D, design and manufacture composite components for A380 and Boeing 787. Rapidly Transforming Manufacturing Company by Partnering and Acquisitions Xian XAC

18 AVIC Aircraft Strength Research Institute (ASRI) Advanced research, provides analysis methods and software, conducts ground tests and is the representative of state to draw strength for new or modified type of aircraft  Offer ground-test service for not only aviation customers but also space, energy, transportation and more.  Main function is to solve structural strength problems in aviation industry. Test Programs: (highlights)  Components: Bambardier C-series, ARJ21 winglet (static, fatigue), C919 high lift devices fatigue test and rear fuse static test  Full Scale: ARJ21 fatigue test and fuselage pressurizing test, coach pressurizing test of bullet train, comments on ARJ 21 static load test failure and redesign?? 18 Xian ASRI Facilities Visited: (Led by Mr. Yang Hai)  Damage Monitoring & Detecting Research Dpt  Computational Mechanics & Software Engineering Research Department  Aircraft Static & Fatigue Strength Research Dpt  Dynamic Strength & Aeronautics Acoustics Research Department

19 AVIC Xi’an Flight Automatic Control Research Institute (FACRI) 19 Xian FACRI Established in 1960 2600 employees, including 100+ PhDs Advanced research and development, design and production of Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) systems for aircraft, helicopter, UAV, and weapons. Facilities Visited:  E&M (spell out??)  A&T Shop (spell out???)  Manufacturing Shop Met with:  Meng Fanshu, Vice President of FACRI  Ren Jie, Deputy Chief Engineer  Di Xueqin, Deputy Director of FC Dpt  Bi Lianjiang, Deputy Director of M&E Dpt  Che Jun, Director of Key Laboratory  Yu Liangliang, Deputy Director of Affairs Office  Ma Daoping, Navigation Department  Zhang Jun, Commercial Aircraft & Products Department

20 Established in 1958, formally listed on the Shanghai stock exchange, Xi'an Aero- Engine PLC (XAE) was established on Nov. 20, 2008 13,000 employees including 2500 engineers and technical personnel Develops and manufactures turbo engines, turbo generator installations, turbo fans engines and gas turbines Current Programs highlight:  Supply 41 types of plate parts to the Pratt & Whitney Group amounts to $85M+ for the components during the first 7 years of contract  GE: 25+ yrs of collaboration:  100+ parts including shaft, disk, ring, seals and case, used on multiple marine and aircraft engines.  High-Pressure Turbine (HPT) disks used in GE's CF34 and CFM56 engines  Both a supplier to GE and a risk and revenue sharing partner  Rolls Royce: $30M Joint-Venture with XAE AVIC Xi’an Aero-Engine Group (XAE) 20 Xian XAE

21 Shanghai 21

22 China National Aeronautical Radio Electronics Research Institute (CARERI) Established in 1957 Focus on Avionic Systems, organized in  Three centers (R&D, Production, and Management and Business)  25 Departments including Key Lab and specialized labs e.g. EMC supervision and test, Software T&E, Electronics Test, Reliability and Environment Testing, SMT Production, Quality Assurance for Production Numerous international partners  Rockwell Collins, Thales, and Honeywell, IBM (embedded SW Systems), TechSAT (German), Aglient Tech, ALT, CAST, and PrismTech (JTRS)  GE Joint Venture 50/50 partnership: GE-AVIC Avionics Systems Limited, 2011, 300 employees minimum “Pyramid Strategy” in technology development, process, and production Awarded “High-Tech” enterprise of Shanghai every year since 1992  Visited by China’s President Hu Jin Tao and staff. Approved for import and export business in 1994. ISO 9002 certificate International Quality Assurance System in 1996 CMM-3 certification in software maturity in 2003 22 Shanghai CARERI Facilities Visited:  Key Laboratory of Integrated Avionics Technology  Prototype Demonstration of Commercial Aircraft Modular Avionics System Principle

23 China National Aeronautical Radio Electronics Research Institute (CARERI) Eight Project Packages for C919  Adv. Electronic core processing subsystems (FMS, CDS, etc.)  Flight indication and recording systems  Maintenance subsystems  Communication and Navigation systems  Integrated Surveillance systems  Air data inertial systems  Information subsystems (the only one not partnered with other vendors)  Cabin subsystems Met with:  Wang Guoguing, President  Wang Jinyan, PARTY Secretary/VP  Wang Shujie, Secretary of Discipline Inspection Commission  Li Feng, Vice President  He Yizheng, President Assistant  Si Yudong, Director, Administration Office  Director, Department of Science & Technology  Shi Jinsong, Director, Civil Airplane Project Department 23 Shanghai CARERI Globally competitive high-tech institute very open to collaboration

24 Closing Thoughts China’s aviation market is huge  Government (including AVIC HQ) has been making strategic decisions and investing accordingly  Though, the aim from industry is not only for the domestic market, but “global” China’s aerospace (aeronautics) industry has made great strides and begun to win the global recognition and partnerships in research and development (R&D) as well as manufacturing.  In the midst of a historic transformation  Still has a long way to go, with lots of opportunities in leapfrogging technologies Organizational structures and relationships  “Institutes” can be profit centers with roles ranging from R&D to manufacturing products  National “Key Labs” are great leverage for institutes and partners  Some organizational structure still seemed to reflect a Soviet-era stovepipe, e.g., “party leaders” still in critical positions (e.g., corporation head HR)  The civil and military activities seemed intertwined. People and resources are moved freely and interchangeably from one to the other. Potential collaboration opportunities (just a sample)  Composites, Avionics (Hardware and Software)  General Aviation, “Next Gen” Air Traffic Management  Universities (training) 24

25 AIAA Benefits Increased exposure for AIAA and the corporate member program Increased exposure and engagement internationally Model set for potential future visits to other countries with developing interests in aerospace – India, Brazil, etc. Real membership potential exists in China, need strategy  Opportunities for Chinese members to participate in various, e.g., Standards Committee(s) and Technical Committees, and Publications committees  Opportunities of joint international activities, e.g., joint sponsored conferences, student design-fly competitions, university lectures (speakers exchange) Networking opportunities for corporate members represented vs. Chinese introductions 25

26 Next Steps Susan Ying to address CMC, IAC and BoD Potential for Hill briefing on experiences and impressions in China Initiate discussions with AVIC on AIAA Corporate Membership representation and collaboration Initiate discussions with CSAA on specific collaborations on journals and students/ young professional activities 26

27 …and we had some fun 27

28 …and saw some really cool things 28

29 29

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