Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11.4 The Second War for Independence The War of 1812"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 11.4 The Second War for Independence The War of 1812 When Great Britain and France went to war in 1803America would find itself in the middle of it with no way out.Napoleon was looking to conquer England and EuropeEngland was looking to get back its colonies while stopping France
2The British make the first move… Parliament pass laws that allow British ships to inspect any ship in Atlantic OceanLooking for weapons being sent to FranceWhat happens instead?American sailors and ships are being forced to serve for the BritishCalled impressmentWhy?They need more ships to attack France
3So what can Pres. Jefferson do? Well, we can’t fight them yetNavyUSA = 6 shipsUK = 800 shipsSo, we make a law to keep us from having to deal with BritainEmbargo Act of 1807Law banned trade with all foreign countriesGoal:Keep USA away from trouble in Atlantic Ocean
4Reaction to Embargo Act Democratic Republican’sLoved it!Let America take care of itselfWhy were this way?They were all farmers in SouthFederalist supportersHated it!Main source of income was doing trade with UK and FranceThey were all merchants in NorthWhat would you do if you lived in the North?They thought about claiming independence from the South and their POTUS…
5Meanwhile, it’s 1808. Time for another election. TJ is doneServed 2 termsDemocratic – RepublicanJames MadisonTechnically still Federalists…Charles PinckneyLandslide victory for MadisonBecomes 4th POTUS
6How does Pres. Madison deal with unpopularity of Embargo Act. Non –Intercourse Act of 1809Banned trade with France and Britain onlyOpened trade to West Indies and ChinaGoal:Keep merchants in North happy…It worked.
7The British get sneaky… Persuade Indians in the NW territory to attack American settlersAided by:British weaponsPromise to have land back if they help Britain take back colonies.Indians led by TecumsehLeads 700 indians into Indiana Territory to take on U.S. ArmyLed by William Henry HarrisonGovernor of Indiana territory
8Battle of Tippecanoe US Army destroy Indian warriors Chase them away from battle of field.Then, Harrison orders the Indians village to be burned to the ground.Tecumseh and other tribes give up on their attacks on US settlers
9American Response to Indian Attacks It was the British that forced them to do it!Pres. Madison asks Congress to decide what to do.Congress:We must declare war on England and end this for once.War HawksLed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
10War of 1812 begins… June 1812 At time of war: June 1812 America declares war on EnglandAt time of war:American army:7,000 menNavy:6 shipsLed by U.S.S. ConstitutionJune 1812England declares war on AmericaAt time of war:British army:10,000 menNavy:800 ships85 surrounding East Coast…
11First battle of War of 1812 August 19, 1812 Off of coast of MaineUSS Constitution Vs. HMS GuerriereHMS Guerriere took first shotsBounced off the side of “Old Ironsides”USS Constitution returns fireBlasted side in ship with “the shock of an earthquake”We capture the crew and watch the Guerriere sink…
12The British lick their wounds and send more ships….lots more.
13Review Questions What is the Embargo Act? What is the Non-intercourse Act?Who is William Henry Harrison?What was the first battle of the War of 1812?