Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7- Executive Branch Vocabulary"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 7- Executive Branch Vocabulary Electoral College 14. CabinetElectors federal bureaucracyExecutive Order 16. Independent AgencyPardon Government CorporationReprieve 18. Political AppointeeAmnesty Civil service workerForeign policy 20. Civil service systemNational security 21. Spoils systemTreaty Merit systemExecutive agreementAmbassadorTrade sanctionsembargo
2Article II- Executive Branch- Carry out Laws (enforce Laws) President1. 35 yrs old.2. Native Born US citizen3. US resident for 14 yrs.Vice President*Elected with the President* Must meet same requirements as the President
3President Elected to a 4 year term. 22nd Amendment says that President can serve 2 terms or a maximum of 10 yearsFranklin D. Roosevelt served 12 years before 22nd Amendment was enacted.
4Presidential Succession The 25th Amendment established Presidential Succession- the order in which we replace the President
5Electoral CollegeThe President and Vice President are elected every 4 years by a group called the Electoral College- made up of people called electors.
6Match the Description with the Role of the President Meets with Leaders of other countriesGives out medalsComes up with ideas for new lawsMakes sure that laws are carried outHelps members of his/her party get elected.Deals with issues like unemployment.Leads the military.
8Foreign PolicyHow a country deals with other countries
9Goals of Foreign Policy National Security- Most important- keep us safe from foreign attack.International tradePromote World PeaceSpread Democracy around the world.
10Tools of Foreign Policy Treaties and Executive Agreements NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization- mutual defense agreement
112. Appointing Ambassadors- we send a representative to every country that we recognize their government3. Foreign Aid- money, food, military support4. International Tradetrade sanctions- efforts to punish a country by restricting tradeembargo- completely cutting off trade with a foreign country
14War Powers ResolutionGives the President the ability to send troops into combat without Congress declaring war- President must notify Congress within 48 hours when troops sent into battle and must be brought home within 60 days unless Congress gives permission.
15Vice President Constitution says 2 things about VP 1. In charge of Senate- breaks ties2. If something happens to President then VP becomes President.
16First Lady Is the President’s Wife- given no power by Constitution What would we call Bill if Hillary became President?Nice Hair Dude!!
17Presidential Helpers The Executive Office- EOP Led by Chief of Staff- acts like a filter for the President- determines who and what gets to PresidentOffice of Management and Budget- (OMB)Prepares and monitors the federal budget.National Security Council- (NSC)Helps with military and foreign policy
18The CabinetHeads of 13 federal agencies- heads are called Secretaries- (example- Secretary of State) except the Justice Dept- Attorney GeneralCreated by President George Washington- not in ConstitutionNewest agency is Office of Homeland Security- established after 9/11Appointed by the President-Approved by the Senate
19Federal BureaucracyTurn laws into action by figuring out rules and procedures.Run day to day operations of the government.Regulate various activities.Example- Congress passes a law requiring all Americans to have health insurance. Executive branch has to figure out how to make this happen.
20Independent AgenciesExecutive Agencies- deal with specialized areas- NASAGovernment Corporations- run like private businesses- US Postal ServiceRegulatory Boards and Commissions- enforce rules and regulations- FCC, FAA, SEC
21How do government workers get their job? Spoils system- President gives out jobs to supportersPresident Garfield killed when he would not give job to a supporter.
22The Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act) created the Civil Service System and limited number of jobs president could hand out.The civil service system requires people to pass a test and meet standards- it is a merit system.