Presentation on theme: "Jolene Troia Education Consultant"— Presentation transcript:
1 PBIS and Universal Design for Learning Working Together to Engage All Learners Jolene TroiaEducation ConsultantWisconsin Department of Public InstructionDana McConnellCoordinator of Instructional Supports for Students with DisabilitiesWisconsin RtI Center
2 Why Engagement?According to the High School Survey of Student Engagement, what percentage of students report being bored in class at least everyday?4%49%66%85%
3 Why Engagement?According to the High School Survey of Student Engagement, what was the top reason of student boredom?Lack of relevance of materialMaterial wasn’t interestingWork wasn’t challenging enoughWork was too difficult
4 Why Engagement?According to the High School Survey of Student Engagement, what percentage of students reported that they had considered dropping out?7%21%39%42%
5 Why Engagement?For many students, dropping out of high school is the last step in a long process of disengagement (Finn, 1989)
6 Why Engagement?According to the High School Survey of Student Engagement, what percentage of students who had considered dropping out gave the reason as No adults in the school cared about me?6%9%16%23%
7 Why Engagement?Studies have shown that patterns of educational disengagement begin as early as…3rd grade4th grade5th grade6th gradehttps://www.naeyc.org/files/yc/file/200603/JablonBTJ.pdf
8 Engagement Engagement has been shown to decline as students progress through upperelementary grades andmiddle school, reaching itslowest levels in high school(Marks 2000; National Research Council & Institute of Medicine 2004)
9 Importance of School Engagement When students are not engaged they are…less likely to stay in schoolless likely to achievemore likely to have discipline issuesNational Center for School Engagement
12 Universal Design for Learning RtI DefinitionUniversal Design for LearningIs what?A scientifically valid framework thatDoes what?Provides multiple means of access, assessment, and engagement and removes barriers in instructionto achieve academic and behavioral successfor allFor what?
13 Three Brain Networks Affective Recognition Strategic “why” “what” “how”
14 Three Principles of Universal Design for Learning Multiple Means of Representation“Access”Multiple Means of Action & Expression“Assessment”Multiple Means of Engagement“Engagement”
16 Provide Multiple Means of Engagement Provide options for self-regulationPromote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivationFacilitate personal coping skills and strategiesDevelop self-assessment and reflectionProvide options for sustaining effort and persistenceHeighten salience of goals and objectivesVary demands and resources to optimize challengeFoster collaboration and communityIncrease mastery-oriented feedbackProvide options for recruiting interestOptimize individual choice and autonomyOptimize relevance, value, and authenticityMinimize threats and distractionsAffective“why”
17 Engagement Principle Guideline: Provide Options for Self-Regulation Every lesson in school, every activity, is an important opportunity for students to continue their long apprenticeship toward emotional maturity – what is often called “self-regulation”Individual students differ significantly in their needs for developing self-regulationThis guideline recommends options for self-regulation that promote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivation, coping skills, and self-reflectionUniversal Design for Learning in the Classroom (Hall, Meyer & Rose, 2012)
18 Engagement Principle Guidelines and Checkpoints Provide Multiple Means of EngagementResourceDescriptionProvide options for self-regulationPromote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivationTemplates for goal-setting worksheets can organize and guide students’ personal goal settingFacilitate personal coping skills and strategiesTips and lessons on how to scaffold students’ coping skills and strategiesDevelop self-assessment and reflectionSpace for students to reflect onhow they learn and how others might learn as well as exploration into the ideal learning environmentGoal Setting Worksheets
19 Engagement PrincipleGuideline: Provide options for sustaining effort and persistenceFor some students in any activity, and for all students in particularly difficult or lengthy activities, sustained effort and engagement require periodic or persistent reminders not only of the goal, but also of its importance or valueFor young students and novices, these reminders must be extrinsic, provided by their mentors or the environment. But it is important for them to learn how to internalize the processThis guideline recommends several kinds of options to support the sustained effort and persistence necessaryUniversal Design for Learning in the Classroom (Hall, Meyer & Rose, 2012)
20 Engagement Principle Guidelines and Checkpoints Provide Multiple Means of EngagementResourceDescriptionProvide options for sustaining effort and persistenceHeighten salience of goals and objectivesCreating rubrics for students makes the criteria and expectations of the assignment or behavior explicit is an effective way to heighten the salience of goals and objectives.Vary demands and resources to optimize challengeRead and Write for Google is an extension toolbar for Google Chrome that provides free text to speech and Spanish translations. Other features may be purchased for cost.Foster collaboration and communitySkype is a powerful example of a tool that can be used to foster collaboration and communication among students across classrooms, districts, states and countries.Increase mastery-oriented feedbackBlogs can improve student writing, especially for students with diverse language needs. Blogs allow students to work at their own pace, receive ongoing feedback about their writing, and practice using English.Rubric Maker
21 Engagement PrincipleGuideline: Provide Options for Recruiting InterestRecruiting of interest is one of the most challenging tasks in teachingStudents are as diverse in what interests or engages them as they are in any other aspect of teachingThis guideline recommends several kinds of optionsUniversal Design for Learning in the Classroom (Hall, Meyer & Rose, 2012)
22 Engagement Principle Guidelines and Checkpoints Provide Multiple Means of EngagementResourceDescriptionProvide options for recruiting interestOptimize individual choice and autonomyScholastic Story Starters are an engaging way for K-6 students to begin the writing process. Students can choose from Adventure, Fantasy, Sci-Fi or use the popular Scrambler tool to select amusing topics for writing.Optimize relevance, value, and authenticityJoin Field Museum scientists on Expeditions at The Field Museum where they work to conduct ground breaking research to understand and protect our planet's amazing diversity of plants, animals, and cultures.Minimize threats and distractionsREADABILITY turns any web page into a clean view for reading now or later on your computer, Smartphone, or tablet.
23 Many teachers already have great ways to engage learners
24 Multiple Means of Engagement in Access Engagement can be increased first by knowing the studentsEven when students have access to curricular materials, the teacher still must consider the process of teachingWhen student interests, preferences, strengths and needs are matched to learning activities and tools that foster independence, motivation typically increases.Teaching in Today’s Inclusive Classrooms: A Universal Design for Learning Approach Gargiulo & Metcalf (2013)
25 Multiple Means of Engagement in Assessment Assessment can sometimes affect student engagement leading to anxiety and decreased student motivationProviding options for assessment allows students to be engaged, decreases test anxiety, and increased motivation for more accurate assessment resultsTeaching in Today’s Inclusive Classrooms: A Universal Design for Learning Approach Gargiulo & Metcalf (2013)
26 Engagement Strategies: Easter Eggs Simple ways to encourage our learners to explore and find “hidden” material
28 Engagement Strategies: Beyond the Walls of the Classroom Use materials and methods that allow students to interact with environments and people outside the walls of their classroomVideoconferencingVirtual Fieldtrips
29 Engagement Strategies: Humor Positive findings for using humor in the classroom:Humor was associated with a 40 percentile point gain in instructional effectivenessHumor can change the culture of a classroomHumor is associated with enhanced productivityHumor reduces stress in studentsHumor promotes creative thinkingLaughing & Learning, Peter Jonas (2010)
30 Other Engagement Strategies GamesPhysical MovementMultimediaPersonal StoriesChoice in reporting formatsChoice of learning goalsBuilding positive relationshipsThe Highly Engaged Classroom Marzano & Pickering (2011)
31 Activity: Think – Pair - Share Think silently about the presented questionPair up and exchange thoughts.Share thoughts with other pairs.
32 Other Educational Efforts that Focus on Engagement Response to InterventionPositive Behavior Intervention and SupportCulturally Responsive PracticesEducator EffectivenessPersonalized Learning
33 Wisconsin RtI Framework RtI DefinitionWisconsin RtI FrameworkAn organizational framework that guides implementation of a multi-level system of support to achieve academic and behavioral success for all
34 Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) Benchmarks of Quality (BoQ)Focus on Family EngagementPBIS Team Structures encourage student involvementStudents are involved in identifying/ developing acknowledgements and celebrations.Acknowledgements in and of itself increase engagement.Classroom management practices
35 Things to consider…..Behavior Matrix and/or Behavior Curriculum (Goals & Materials)Is it relevant to the students?Teaching & Re-teaching the expectations (Methods)How are we making this engaging?Professional DevelopmentMethod of delivery
36 Family Engagement Is representative of community cultures Is representative of multiple family values and systemsAllows validating, affirming, building relationships if planned from beginning.Provides enhanced sense of belonging and communication
37 Family Engagement Research There is a significant link between family engagement and student achievement regardless of ethnicity, culture or economic status (Keith & Keith)There is research that indicates increasedFamily Engagement leads to higher teacherjob satisfaction. (MetLife 2011 p.9)
38 National Center for School Engagement Parents and students engaged in school is the best indicator of achievementNational Center for School Engagement
39 How to Engage Families through UDL & PBIS ClimateFamily Engagement in Learning Activities at HomeCommunication with Parents/FamiliesParent/Family Volunteering and Assisting at SchoolParent/Family Participating in Decision Making
40 How to Engage Families (cont’d) Parent Representative (s) on the RtI / PBIS Team:Parent not employed by the districtParent voice is valuedParent role and responsibilitiesParent participationMeetings are conveniently scheduled(time and location)Minutes are shared with familiesSpecific tasks to engage familiesShare schedules and agendas ahead of time
41 Keep it real and relevant!! Family EngagementKeep it real and relevant!!
42 Resources for Family Engagement Wisconsin RtI Center: Response to Intervention and Family Engagement Online ModuleU.S. Department of Education: Parent and Family EngagementNational PTA: National Standards for Family-School PartnershipsWelcoming Schools:
43 Culturally Responsive Practices An approach to teaching; it is a part of the skill, craft, and art of teaching. It is the practice of taking the best of teaching methods and applying them to teaching students whose culture differs from the dominant culture in our society and school system.Source: WI RtI Center, Responseto Intervention in WisconsinGlossary
44 Culturally Responsive Become culturally competentDemonstrate high expectations for each student through goal settingKnow each studentEncourage each student to draw upon their own experiencesUse a variety of engaging teaching strategies
45 Culturally Responsive Help underserved populations become critically conscious and knowledgeable about their cultureCreate a bridge between student’s home and school life
46 To Bring it all Together… ValidateMaking legitimate that which the institution (academia) and mainstream has made illegitimate.AffirmMaking positive that which the institution (academia) and mainstream media have made negative.BuildMaking the connections between the home culture/language and the school culture/language through instructional strategy and activity.BridgeGiving opportunities for situational appropriateness or utilizing appropriate cultural or linguistic behavior.
47 Other Educational Efforts that Focus on Engagement Educator EffectivenessDomain 3 Component C:Engaging Students in Learning“If one component of the framework for teaching can claim to be the most important, it is student engagement “Charlotte Danielson - Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching, 2nd Edition, p. 82 (2007)
48 Domain 3 Component C Engaging Students in Learning Elements of Component 3cActivities and assignmentsGrouping of studentsInstructional materials and resourcesStructure and pacing
49 Other Educational Efforts that Focus on Engagement Personalized LearningInstruction is customized to individual learning styles and preferences and builds on learner strengthsLearning can take place anytime, everywhere utilizing a wide variety of delivery methodsCurriculum is dynamic, individually paced and acknowledges learner interestsStudents are authentically engaged in their education experience; they co-create their own customized learning path
51 Universal Design for Learning What was UDL Today?Illustrate through multiple media (visuals, videos, examples, activities)Activate or supply background knowledge (brief summary of UDL provided)Universal Design for LearningMultiple Means of Representation“Access”Multiple Means of Action & Expression“Assessment”Multiple Means of Engagement“Engagement”Vary the methods for response and navigation (quizzes, think/pair/share, Jeopardy)Provide options for recruiting interest (Use of video, humor, statistics, cultural affirmation)
52 Dana McConnell Jolene Troia Coordinator of Instructional Supportsfor Students with DisabilitiesWisconsin RtI CenterJolene TroiaEducation ConsultantWisconsin Department of Public Instruction
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