Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language Figurative language is not “literal” and it doesn’t mean exactly what is said. It means more than what it appears… “Dinner is on."— Presentation transcript:
Figurative language is not “literal” and it doesn’t mean exactly what is said. It means more than what it appears… “Dinner is on the house.” LITERALLY, this would mean that someone put your supper on the roof! FIGURATIVELY, it means that you don’t have to pay for your dinner. Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
My feet are killing me! LITERALLY, this would mean that your feet have anger management problems and want to do you harm… FIGURATIVELY, it means that your feet hurt. Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Sometimes you hear the term “Figure of Speech.”
Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. Sight Hearing Touch Taste Smell
A figure of speech that compares two things using the words “like” or “as” Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are as strong as iron.
A figure of speech that compares two things not using the words “like” or “as” Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the desert.
Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yelled throughout the night." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
The use of words that mimic or copy sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom! Pow! Bang! Crack!
An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Examples: ~He died laughing! ~She’s said “no” a million times! ~You’re always doing that! ~I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse!
A pun is a “play on words.” Examples: Two hats were hanging on a rack in the hallway. One hat says to the other, “You stay here. I’ll go on a head.” Did you hear about the guy whose whole left side was cut off? He’s all right now. I used to be a carpenter, but then I got bored. I wondered why the baseball kept getting bigger. Then it hit me. The clockmaker worked overtime. My surgeon is so funny, he keeps me in stitches! Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
An idiom is an expression or saying that does not mean what the words say. Example: He is a back-seat driver! What it REALLY means: He likes to tell the driver how to drive! Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
He has his head in the sand… It’s raining cats and dogs It’s time to hit the hay! Walsh Publishing Co. 2009
An oxymoron is a combination of two words which seem to contradict or go against each other. Act naturallyhalf naked Almost exactlyminor crisis Civil waroriginal copy Definite maybepretty ugly Freezer burnsmall crowd Good griefbittersweet Jumbo shrimpblack light
A proverb is a brief saying that a bit of wisdom. An apple a day keeps the doctor away. A stitch in time, saves nine. Better safe than sorry. Don’t count your chickens before they hatch. Let sleeping dogs lie. Look before you leap. The early bird gets the worm.
Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idiom Oxymoron Proverb You will be given a large piece of white paper. You will fold it into a “12- Square” as shown by the teacher. The top four squares will be labeled: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE (by: name) In each of the eight remaining squares, you will put an example of 8 of the forms of Figurative Language listed to the left. Include a title, picture and definition for each. Use your time wisely and remember to use your best effort!!! Walsh Publishing Co. 2009