2What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
3Recognizing Literal Language “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.Most of the time, we useliteral language.
4Figurative and Literal Language Literally: words function exactly as definedThe car is blue.He caught the football.Figuratively: figure out what it meansI’ve got your back.You’re a doll.^Figures of Speech
5Imagery Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.Sight• Hearing• Touch• Taste• Smell
6Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” SimileComparison of two things using “like” or “as.”ExamplesThe metal twisted like a ribbon.She is as sweet as candy.
7SimileA figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
8A comparison must be made. Important!Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile.A comparison must be made.Not a Simile: I like pizza.Simile: The moon is like a pizza.
9Metaphor Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.” ExamplesAll the world is a stage.Men are dogs.Her heart is stone.
10MetaphorA figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as.Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
11Personification Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples The sunlight danced.Water on the lake shivers.The streets are calling me.
12PersonificationA figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.Example: “The wind yells while blowing."The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
13AlliterationRepeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words.Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
14Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. HyperboleExaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.ExamplesI will love you forever.My house is a million miles away.She’d kill me.
15HyperboleAn exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
16Understatement Expression with less strength than expected. The opposite of hyperbole.I’ll be there in one second.This won’t hurt a bit.
17OnomatopoeiaA word that “makes” a soundSPLATPINGSLAMPOPPOW
18Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
19Idiom A saying that isn’t meant to be taken literally. Doesn’t “mean” what it saysDon’t be a stick in the mud!You’re the apple of my eye.I have an ace up my sleeve.
20IdiomsAn idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language.Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
21Pun A form of “word play” in which words have a double meaning. I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger and then it hit me.I’m reading a book about anti-gravity. It’s impossible to put it down.I was going to look for my missing watch, but I didn’t have the time.
22Proverb A figurative saying in which a bit of “wisdom” is given. An apple a day keeps the doctor awayThe early bird catches the worm
23OxymoronWhen two words are put together that contradict each other. “Opposites”Jumbo ShrimpPretty UglyFreezer Burn
24Quiz On a separate sheet of paper… I will put an example of figurative language on the board.You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, pun, proverb, idiom, onomatopoeia, oxymoron or understatement.You can use your notes.
25He drew a line as straight as an arrow. 1He drew a line as straight as an arrow.
262Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens.