Presentation on theme: "BELL WORK: 1. Put homework in planner. *metaphor sheet *study for spelling test 2.Copy definitions onto poetry terms to know: A-TONE: Refers to the mood."— Presentation transcript:
BELL WORK: 1. Put homework in planner. *metaphor sheet *study for spelling test 2.Copy definitions onto poetry terms to know: A-TONE: Refers to the mood of the poem, the feeling the poem gives off B-RHYME: sounds that are alike at the end of words C-SIMILE: a comparison of 2 things using the words “like” or “as” D-METAPHOR: a direct comparison of 2 unlike things, without using the words “like” or “as”
Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. To be figurative is to not mean what you say but to imply something else. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.
Recognizing Figurative Language For example, if I tell you “Let’s go chill!” I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer. “Let’s go chill!” means “let’s relax together and do something fun.” Or, you may have heard someone say, “Chill out!” What does this really mean? Neither of these examples have anything to do with temperature.
Recognizing Literal Language To be literal is to mean what you say. For example, if I told you, “Sit down!” I mean it literally: “Sit down!” I mean exactly what I say. Most of the time, we use literal language.
What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
Confused? Think of it this way: Literal language is real Figurative language is imaginary (or means something else)
Types of Figurative Language Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms
Simile A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
Metaphor A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
Imagery Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. Sight Hearing Touch Taste Smell
Alliteration Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
Personification A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
Idioms Idioms are phrases which people use in everyday language which do not make sense literally but we understand what they mean Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," does not make sense literally, but we understand the meaning. Can you think of another example?