Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Safer Schools “ Their role.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Safer Schools “ Their role."— Presentation transcript:

1 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

2 Why Start with Schools? Children are the very future of our communities, of our world. Influence them and you influence tomorrows Politician, Industrialist, Teacher and Parent. What is the benefit? Working together we can potentially change the DR culture of the vulnerable from helpless and reliant to hopeful, capable and responsible; thus creating for them a resilient and more sustainable future. By achieving that, we might one day revert most 'Disasters' back to purely a 'Natural Events‘ The Relevance to the Europe? We have earthquakes; we have fires; we have floods; we have winds; we have environmental change including climate change! Who knows what tomorrow brings? Europe’s future is in the hands of today’s children. We need to prepare them and above all we need to protect them whilst we prepare them to inherit today’s world Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

3 However Recognizing that school age children spend majority of their waking hours at school, there is always a high possibility that a disaster strikes while they are at school. ‘In ,500 children perished during the 3minutes of the Pakistan Earthquake’ [97 children per second!] Therefore, school buildings need to be protected from disasters as they save the lives of the children and they can also help to opperate as shelter in post disaster scenario. Moreover, resilient schools are effective medium for disseminating disaster risk reduction awareness in the communities, can act as centre of learning, can be instrumental in transfer of technology to the communities and have significant role to build disaster resilient communities. The activities like retrofitting of schools and new construction with safety measures can help spread the message to the community of the importance of resilient buildings in reducing disaster impact Realizing the importance of schools in disaster risk reduction, the UNISDR campaigned for two years from 2006 to 2007 with the main theme as "Disaster Risk Reduction Begins at Schools." The campaign has been instrumental in mainstreaming school safety in disaster risk reduction initiatives in many countries and has resulted in many global initiatives such as Thematic Platform on Knowledge and Education by ISDR and Coalition for Global School Safety (COGSS) Initiatives. Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

4 Courtesy of the UNCRD

5 Important Components within a Safer School Infrastructure strategy: Understanding the perception of risk Ensuring Awareness Implementing an risk assessment cycle Developing Capacity build within the workforce Creating the Safe Environment Resilient and coded construction of new schools Retrofitting of existing schools Incorporating DRR into Education Implementing DRR Education into the curriculum Maintaining the Safe Environment Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

6 Hyogo Framework for Action Priority 3 Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. ‘Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters’ Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

7 The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs represent a global partnership that has grown from the commitments and targets established at the world summits of the 1990s. Responding to the world's main development challenges and to the calls of civil society, the MDGs promote poverty reduction, education, maternal health, gender equality, and aim at combating child mortality, AIDS and other diseases It envisages education for all by In order to achieve this target, there is a large pressure to build thousands of class rooms in many of the developing countries and non-compliance to the safety standards means vulnerable schools are increasing. As witnessed in the past, the school buildings which are supposed to provide education to children are also the cause of death in many disasters. UNDP is working with a wide range of partners to help create coalitions for change to support the goals at global, regional and national levels, to benchmark progress towards them, and to help countries to build the institutional capacity, policies and programmes needed to achieve the MDGs..

8 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) The UNCRD contribution The Hyogo Framework for Action also prioritizes use of knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. Furthermore, HFA also emphasizes on structural strengthening of critical facilities including schools. The UNCRD Japan is implementing the project SESI on “Reducing Vulnerability of School Children to Earthquakes” in Asia-Pacific region under project execution by UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) and funded by UN Trust Fund for Human Security (UNTFHS) of UN OCHA since April SESI (School Earthquake Safety Initiative) is aimed at promoting self-help and education for disaster mitigation by building resilient and sustainable communities. The participatory approach to community development and capacity building among the local people is the key focus area of the initiative. This is one of the key Globally Regional programmes, covering the Asia Pacific Region with Pilot projects in Uzbekistan, India, Indonesia and Fiji. All to be expanded within country and within their geographical regions and potentially to be offered as a Global Model for DRR within Schools infrastructure

9 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global School DRR Infrastructure and Education Regional activity example: School Earthquake Safety Initiative UNCRD SESI Schools have been found to be the key element for community involvement in Japan and other countries world-wide. Schools not only provide education, they can provide emergency shelters immediately after earthquakes. Through this school-strengthening program, a community program has been formulated to spread the technologies rooted in culture and heritage. HFA also prioritizes use of knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels. Furthermore, HFA also emphasizes on structural strengthening of critical facilities including schools. SESI is aimed at promoting self-help and education for disaster mitigation by building resilient and sustainable communities. The participatory approach to community development and capacity building among the local people is the key focus area of the initiative. The UNCRD have now commenced the next stage of DRR within the community with the HESI programme. A continuation of SESI but expanding to include Housing Safety within communities.

10 DRR activity Case study Example: “Children Taking Action towards disaster prevention” -- Philippines Santa Paz school, where children held a referendum to relocate their school to a safer location (ie: not at risk from landslides). ‘Plan Philippines' case study, "Students lead a school relocation, Philippines", has been highlighted on page 67 of this UNISDR report “Words into Action” - a guide for implementing the Hyogo Framework Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

11 DR Education Case study: Children in a Changing Climate coalition A ‘Plan International ‘ UK initiative The CCCC is an action-research, advocacy and learning programme, bringing together research and development organisations with a commitment to share knowledge, coordinate activities and work with children as protagonists with a voice needing to be heard. The coalition realizes that children's unique experiences of climate change impacts and their specific insights and priorities need to be recognised in both climate change adaptation and mitigation policy and practice. Plan International and other organizations formed this coalition during Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

12 Key players operating or represented from within Europe and some relevant initiatives: UNISDR with the TPKE ‘Thematic Platform for Knowledge and Education’. Chaired by UNESCO Hosted by UNICEF and Administered by UNISDR. A vital tool for the dissemination of practical policy development from civil society and community projects through the UNISDR administrative web to Governments around the world, aiding them in the creation of National DR Strategies and Policy. UNESCO Recently in conjunction with the UNCRD Japan UNESCO has established the Global Task Force for Building Codes. This will peer review existing, develop where necessary and address the challenges of implementation and compliance. UNICEF is developing a proactive approach soon to be incorporating DR within its strategy and is taking a lead in collating DRR Education projects information in the Asia Pacific Region and elsewhere Shelter Centre Many of its activities are funded through a programme with the UKs DFID, 2006–2011 Shelter are presently reviewing policy for School shelter and the transitional period post disaster to ensure safe and immediate practical Education continuity. Holding national and international meetings to develop collaborations INEE Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies Recently collated and published the “Guidance Notes for safer School Construction” in conjunction with the World Bank and international peer reviewed expertise

13 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” DR activities From within the UK ELRHA programme ‘The Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance’ (ELRHA) project has secured funding to develop an efficient and active mechanism for collaboration between humanitarian agencies and Higher Education Institutes in the UK working with Agencies throughout the world. An ambitious new project in the field of disaster response and mitigation that will be hosted by ‘Save the Children’ based in the UK The two year ELRHA Project Objective is: To build by 2010 an effective and active interface between UK HE teaching and research activities and humanitarian agencies, and to produce a clear plan for professionalization, shared expertise and research.

14 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” DR Activities From within the UK UCL EPICentre The EPICENTRE consists of a dynamic multi-disciplinary research group that embraces an holistic approach to earthquake engineering to help answer the question “What is the most effective way to direct engineering investment to minimise adverse earthquake hazard effects on local economies and populations?”. Currently, four main projects are underway that look at: (1) Tsunami impact on structures and communities, (2) A framework for the prediction of earthquake damage to populations of structures (3) The psychological drivers behind people’s behaviour in earthquakes, and the influence of this behaviour on their earthquake vulnerability within their urban environment and (4) the use of satellite imagery to gauge earthquake resilience. UCL recently held a DRR conference titled: ‘Disaster Risk Reduction for Natural Hazards: Putting Research into Practice’ UCL also incorporates the Benfield Hazard Research Centre headed by Bill McGuire and John Twigg. Reviewing natural hazard prediction and developing early warning concepts. From which the ‘inTERRAgate’ data base has evolved, reviewing all know natural hazards for every country, collating historical date and amassing predictive data and providing current aggregated natural event information. A vital resource to all working within DRR.

15 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Strategic DR school activities within the UK Developing Community Resilience through Schools A collaboration between the Local Government Authorities and Emergency Planning Units The ‘Developing Community Resilience Through Schools’ project aims to increase the resilience of schools and communities to emergencies, through the production of national guidance documents and resources available for schools and local authorities to use. authorities to use. Over the past few months it has been concentrating on producing drafts of the following documents and resources ready for consultation: Guidance for schools on emergency planning Guidance for schools on training and exercising their emergency plans (with supporting resources) Guidance for Children’s Services departments on emergency planning, business continuity, supporting schools in emergencies etc. This project is a collaboration between the Local Government Authorities and Emergency Planning Units who were awarded 'Beacon' status in for emergency planning, the Civil Contingencies Secretariat (CCS) and the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF).

16 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Strategic education activities within the UK Building Schools for the Future (BSF) A UK Government Initiative BSF is the UK Government’s £45 billion initiative to refurbish and re-build the nation’s secondary schools to provide a high-quality 21st century learning environment for children and young people. The programme will involve building new schools as well as remodelling and improving existing schools, underpinned by appropriate information and communication technology (ICT). For many schools this will replace the existing capital grants given to them to spend on their buildings. BSF is about providing the physical infrastructure and technological support to education, however any plan to secure that funding has to demonstrate an ambitious vision for learning, grounded within the ‘Every Child Matters’ agenda, the ‘Children & Young People's Plan’, ‘ provision’ and the ‘Extended Schools initiative’. Providing the education facilities and Protecting the student, means real Investment in our Future

17 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global Schools Information collation: PreventionWeb serves the information needs of the disaster risk reduction community, including the development of information exchange tools to facilitate collaboration. Information regarding the design and development of the project together with background documentation can be accessed on their website along with some services that have been put in place.

18 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global Schools Information collation: COGSS DPE has initiated a Google mapping for all Safe School construction projects and retrofitting programmes globally to ensure maximum collaborations abcf77cfbd3d22 “COGSS The Coalition for Global School Safety Disaster Prevention Education envision available knowledge and education applied to disaster prevention everywhere, and every school a safe school.”

19 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global Education immediate post disaster activities: Map Action provide up to minute data of post disaster field activities including education response by NGO’s education activity map sumatra pdfeducation activity map sumatra pdf

20 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global News example Date:2 Nov 2009 source ‘The Nation’ publication The Federal Government of Pakistan has requested all four provincial governments to draft comprehensive plans to evaluate the structure of all schools and hospitals and to formulate concrete action plans regarding disaster risk reduction by Approximately 1,800 children were trapped under the debris of hundreds of collapsed schools structures in Pakistan's 2005 earthquake and the health response mechanism became incapacitated due to collapsed hospitals. The National Disaster Management Authority NDMA stated that in order to avoid a repetition of such tragic episodes, comprehensive planning is a must. According to the NDMA, being a signatory state to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), Pakistan recognises that it is under international obligation to take practical measures to ensure the achievement of goals and targets regarding disaster risk reduction.

21 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Global News example Source China Daily 13 th July 09 In China the National Government announced in July that 300,000 schools were to be immediately assessed for resilience and construction standards. That the responsibility for the schools would fall squarely with the district authorities, meaning if their schools fail, they will be held accountable. An interesting approach to ensure accountability, minimum corruption and a truly national 'cluster' approach to quickly addressing a national challenge.

22 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” DR Education project publications example in 2009 “Child Friendly Schools Infrastructure Standards and Guidelines” Primary and Tronc Commun schools Rwanda Ministry of Education An Approved document August 2009 Lead Coordination; Eudes Kayumba / Diogene Mulindahabi MINEDUC Director of Schools Construction Lead Partner; Luca Ginoulhiac UNICEF Construction specialist Lead Author; Seki Hirano Schools Infrastructure consultant assistant Annika Grafweg A comprehensive document reviewing, assessing and recommendations for all aspects of developing a safe child friendly school environment. Pioneered within Rwanda, a beacon for Africa and as a potential model for global educational environments. Rwanda_Child_Friendly_Schools_infrastructure_standards_and_guidelines[1].pdf

23 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” DR Infrastructure Publications example in 2009 During 2009 COGSS DPE extended the SPHERE INEE companionship by collaborating with the INEE on the development and production of the publication the “Guidance Notes for Safer School Construction “ launched at the Global Platform earlier in 2009 with the support of the World Bank.

24 The Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction present a framework of guiding principles and general steps to develop a context-specific plan to address this critical gap to reaching Education For All and the Millennium Development Goals through the disaster resilient construction and retrofitting of school buildings. The guidance notes consist of four components: 1. General information and advocacy points (Sections 2-4) briefly address the need and rationale for safer school buildings as well as the scope and intended use of the Guidance Notes. They also feature several success stories and list a number of essential guiding principles and strategies for overcoming common challenges. 2. A series of suggested steps (Section 5) that highlight key points that should be considered when planning a safer school construction and/or retrofitting initiative. Each step describes the processes, notes important decision points, highlights key issues or potential challenges, and suggests good practices, tools to facilitate the actions, and references resources to guide the reader to more detailed and context-specific information. 3. A compilation of basic design principles (Section 6) to identify some basic requirements a school building must meet to provide a greater level of protection. These principles are intended to facilitate a very basic understanding of the measures that can be taken to make a school building more resilient to hazard forces.. Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”

25 Thank you Garry de la Pomerai COGSS DPE Coalition for Global School Safety UNISDR thematic Platform for Knowledge and Education UK Advisory Group for Natural Disaster Reduction Consultant to the UNCRD Japan

26 Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR”


Download ppt "Meeting Of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points London 11–13 November, 2009 Safer Schools “ Their role within DRR” Safer Schools “ Their role."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google