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Mrs. Arbuckle Miss Barry 7 th Grade World History.

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Arbuckle Miss Barry 7 th Grade World History."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mrs. Arbuckle Miss Barry 7 th Grade World History

2  Who started Buddhism?  What should people follow if they do not wish to be reborn into more reincarnated lives?  Where was Buddha when he reached Enlightenment?

3  As more and more people began to follow the religion, they had some disagreements about Buddha’s teachings.  This caused the people to split into 2 groups.  Theravada Buddhists  Mahayana Buddhists

4  “Teachings of the elders”  See Buddha as a great teacher, not a god.  Buddhist teachers and merchants spread the ideas of Theravada to in the south and the east of Asia.  It was even spread to the island of Ceylon (today Sri Lanka)  Also popular in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos


6  Believe Buddha is a god who came to save the people.  Believe following the Eightfold Path is too hard for most people- instead, they worship Buddha (this will lead them to heaven when they die).  Once in heaven, they can follow the Eightfold Path and reach nirvana.  What is nirvana?? (yesterday)

7  Bodhisattvas- enlightened people who postpone going to heaven  Important to many Buddhists  Decided to stay here on Earth to help others and do good deeds.

8  This form of Buddhism spread north into China, and from there to Korea and Japan.  A special kind of Mahayana Buddhism developed in Tibet (a country in central Asia)  Combination of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Tibet’s traditional religion.

9  In Tibet, the Buddhists leaders are called lamas  Also lead the government  What are some of the types of governments we talked about so far this year?  Theocracy- government led by religious leaders  Dalai Lama- lama who leads the government.  Current Dalai Lama- Tenzin Gyatso (14 th Dalai Lama)  Panchen Lama- lama who led the religion  Both are considered reincarnations of Bodhisattvas.

10  Reincarnation of Bodhisattva of Compassion “The way to overcome negative thoughts and destructive emotions is to develop opposing, positive emotions that are stronger and more powerful.” - Dalai Lama


12  A smaller form of Buddhism, Zen began in China and spread to Japan around the 1300’s.  Zen means “meditation,” and Zen Buddhists try and meditate as much as possible.  Use painting, martial arts, and specially designed gardens to help them focus  Puzzles called koans  Challenge patterns of logical thought  What is the sound of hands clapping?

13  At first, Buddha’s teachings were passed on by word of mouth.  About 300 years after his death, people began to write them down on palm leaves. Early Buddhist texts (around 100B.C.)

14  Like Hinduism, rituals can be performed in the shrine or at home.  Burn candles/incense and have flowers in front of a statue of Buddha  Mantras- repeated short prayers  Often written on flags (mostly in Tibet and Nepal)  Prayers are thought to be blown all over the earth

15  During the time of Buddha, many of his followers also lived like hermits (just like Buddha).  Eventually began living in monasteries  Place where monks live practicing their religion together  Children are given as religious offerings from their parents to serve Buddhism.


17  Buddhism is the 4 th largest religion in the world today.  It is practiced in China, Japan, India, Korea, and much of southeast Asia.  Thailand has the highest percent of Buddhism with 95% of its citizens practicing this faith.

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