Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Arbuckle Miss Barry 7 th Grade World History."— Presentation transcript:
Mrs. Arbuckle Miss Barry 7 th Grade World History
Who started Buddhism? What should people follow if they do not wish to be reborn into more reincarnated lives? Where was Buddha when he reached Enlightenment?
As more and more people began to follow the religion, they had some disagreements about Buddha’s teachings. This caused the people to split into 2 groups. Theravada Buddhists Mahayana Buddhists
“Teachings of the elders” See Buddha as a great teacher, not a god. Buddhist teachers and merchants spread the ideas of Theravada to in the south and the east of Asia. It was even spread to the island of Ceylon (today Sri Lanka) Also popular in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos
Believe Buddha is a god who came to save the people. Believe following the Eightfold Path is too hard for most people- instead, they worship Buddha (this will lead them to heaven when they die). Once in heaven, they can follow the Eightfold Path and reach nirvana. What is nirvana?? (yesterday)
Bodhisattvas- enlightened people who postpone going to heaven Important to many Buddhists Decided to stay here on Earth to help others and do good deeds.
This form of Buddhism spread north into China, and from there to Korea and Japan. A special kind of Mahayana Buddhism developed in Tibet (a country in central Asia) Combination of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Tibet’s traditional religion.
In Tibet, the Buddhists leaders are called lamas Also lead the government What are some of the types of governments we talked about so far this year? Theocracy- government led by religious leaders Dalai Lama- lama who leads the government. Current Dalai Lama- Tenzin Gyatso (14 th Dalai Lama) Panchen Lama- lama who led the religion Both are considered reincarnations of Bodhisattvas.
Reincarnation of Bodhisattva of Compassion “The way to overcome negative thoughts and destructive emotions is to develop opposing, positive emotions that are stronger and more powerful.” - Dalai Lama
A smaller form of Buddhism, Zen began in China and spread to Japan around the 1300’s. Zen means “meditation,” and Zen Buddhists try and meditate as much as possible. Use painting, martial arts, and specially designed gardens to help them focus Puzzles called koans Challenge patterns of logical thought What is the sound of hands clapping?
At first, Buddha’s teachings were passed on by word of mouth. About 300 years after his death, people began to write them down on palm leaves. Early Buddhist texts (around 100B.C.)
Like Hinduism, rituals can be performed in the shrine or at home. Burn candles/incense and have flowers in front of a statue of Buddha Mantras- repeated short prayers Often written on flags (mostly in Tibet and Nepal) Prayers are thought to be blown all over the earth
During the time of Buddha, many of his followers also lived like hermits (just like Buddha). Eventually began living in monasteries Place where monks live practicing their religion together Children are given as religious offerings from their parents to serve Buddhism.
Buddhism is the 4 th largest religion in the world today. It is practiced in China, Japan, India, Korea, and much of southeast Asia. Thailand has the highest percent of Buddhism with 95% of its citizens practicing this faith.