Presentation on theme: "Buddhism Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha"— Presentation transcript:
1 Buddhism Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of BuddhismThe Spread of BuddhismMap: Spread of Buddhism
2 Buddhism Main Idea Reading Focus Buddhism, which teaches people that they can escape the suffering of the world through the Buddha’s teachings, developed in India and spread to other parts of Asia and the world.Reading FocusHow did the early life of the Buddha lead to the beginnings of Buddhism?What are the major teachings of Buddhism?What areas were affected by the spread of Buddhism?
3 Buddha’s Enlightenment The Life of the BuddhaIn addition to Hinduism, another of the world’s major religions developed in ancient India. That religion was Buddhism.Much of what is known about life of the Buddha from accounts in Buddhist literatureGautama born 500s BCPrince of small kingdom in what is now NepalLed sheltered lifeUnaware of hardshipLife changed when learned people got old, sick, diedEarly LifeGautama resolved to find way to overcome age, sickness, keep people from sufferingGave up possessions, left palaceSought enlightenment, spiritual understanding for six yearsStudied with gurus, monks but decided they could not teach way to enlightenmentBuddha’s Enlightenment
4 Gautama was determined to find way to end human suffering The Life of the BuddhaGautama was determined to find way to end human sufferingSat under tree, no teachers, no companions, determined not to arise until he found wayStories say he meditated all nightResolve tested by violent storms, earthly temptationsAt daybreak, had been transformed, found enlightenment, became the Buddha, Enlightened OneTemple built where he meditated, Bodh Gaya, one of Buddhism’s most sacred places
5 How did Siddhartha Gautama become the Buddha? ExplainHow did Siddhartha Gautama become the Buddha?Answer(s): meditated under a tree, determined not to arise until he found solution to human suffering; was enlightened and transformed
6 The Teachings of Buddhism After enlightenment achieved, Buddha meditated at Bodh Gaya seven weeksSet out to spread to others what he had learnedLessons became basic teachings of BuddhismAmong ideas learned in meditation, central truths, called Four Noble TruthsBuddhist BeliefsSuffering part of human lifeSuffering from people’s desires for pleasure, material goodsOvercoming desires during life eventually brings end to sufferingDesires can be overcome by following Eightfold PathFour Noble Truths
7 Eightfold Path Series of Steps Leading to Enlightenment, Salvation Right view, or accepting the reality of the Four Noble TruthsRight attitude, or striving for moderation in all thingsRight speech, avoiding lies, boasts, and hurtful wordsRight action, or treating others fairlyRight livelihood, avoiding jobs that could bring harm to othersRight effort, or constantly trying to improve oneselfRight mindfulness, or remaining aware of world around oneRight concentration, or ignoring temptation and discomfort while meditating
8 NirvanaThe Buddha taught that those who followed Eightfold Path could attain nirvanaState of perfect peace in which soul freed from suffering foreverThose not attaining nirvana reborn to live through cycle of suffering againBasic teachings of Eightfold Path, Middle Way—living in moderation, avoiding extremes of comfort, discomfort in search for nirvana
9 Divisions of Buddhism Theravada Mahayana Tibetan After the Buddha’s death, differing opinions arose concerning the correct teachings and practices of Buddhism. Eventually three main Buddhist traditions formed—Theravada, Mahayana, and Tibetan.“Way of the Elders”Oldest traditionBest way to attain nirvana: be monk, nun, meditateFind one path to enlightenment; very much an individual religionTheravadaTeaches people can help each other find enlightenmentNot necessary to be monk, nunBodhisattvas, enlightened people not yet passed to nirvana, help othersMahayanaShares many Mahayana teachingsAlso believes special techniques can harness spiritual energy, lead to nirvana in single lifetimeTibetan
10 What are the fundamental teachings of Buddhism? SummarizeWhat are the fundamental teachings of Buddhism?Answer(s): suffering comes from selfish desires; overcoming desire ends suffering; follow Eightfold Path to overcome desire
11 The Spread of BuddhismUnlike Hinduism, which largely remained an Indian religion, Buddhism spread into other parts of the world. Today, more than 350 million people are Buddhists, most of them concentrated in Asia. Relatively few people in India are Buddhists today.Buddhist community in India grew throughout Buddha’s lifeFollowers spread teachings after Buddha’s deathTeachings not written down until first century BC; helped preserve, spread teachings throughout IndiaBuddhism in India200s BC, Buddhism reached peak in India during reign of emperor AshokaAshoka became Buddhist, helped spread Buddhism into all parts of IndiaAshokaAshoka also encouraged missionaries to carry the Buddha’s message to lands outside of India.
12 Buddhism Beyond India Traders Ashoka sent missionaries to Sri Lanka, large island off India’s southern coast, and north to lands along Himalayas, east into lands of Southeast AsiaBuddhism took firm hold in kingdoms that eventually became Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, islands of IndonesiaTradersTrade also helped spread Buddhism beyond India200s BC, merchants traveling routes from India to Central Asia introduced Buddhist teachingsTraders from Central, Southeast Asia took Buddhist teachings into China, slowly spreading, blending with native Chinese philosophies
13 Leading Asian Religion From China, Buddhism eventually diffused into Korea, JapanAD 300s, first introduced to KoreaKorean travelers took religion to Japan 200 years laterBy this time, Buddhism had become leading religion in East, Southeast AsiaKorea and JapanAs Buddhism encountered other religious traditions outside India, it changed, developedBlending caused smaller traditions within Theravada, MahayanaZen, branch of Mahayana, emphasized self-discipline, meditationToday Buddhism very diverseChange, Development