Physical therapy(sports) Medications Heat and Cold packs
If you consume too many sugar-filled sodas, sweetened fruit drinks or non-nutritious snacks, you could be at risk for tooth decay and other health risk
management Drink plenty of water. Eat a variety of foods from each of the five major food groups, including: whole grains,vegetables, fruits lean protein such as lean beef, skinless poultry and fish; dry beans, peas and other legumes low-fat and fat-free dairy foods
Caries and treatment options Restorative options Crowns Bridge implants
Alcohol and smoking Periodontal disease Drymouth haliotosis
Periodontal diseases Gum disease, also known as gingivitis and periodontal disease, is where the gums become swollen, sore or infected Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth severe cases of gum disease result to periodontitis
Signs of gum disease Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth Red, swollen or tender gums Gums that have receded or shrunken away from your teeth Pus between your teeth and gums A change in your bite Bad breath (Halitosis)
untreated gum disease leads to: gum abscesses (painful collections of pus) gum abscesses damage to the periodontal ligament (the tissue that connects the tooth to the socket) damage to the alveolar bone (the bone in the jaw that contains the sockets of the teeth) receding gums loose teeth loss of teeth
Dry mouth A dry mouth is not an illness in itself. It can have several causes. In many cases there is a problem with the function of the salivary glands.
management Treat underlying cause Frequent sips of water Sugarfree gum Fruits(pineapple,watermelon) Reduce caffeine and alcohol(diuretics) Saliva stimulants
Causes of drymouth Medicine Radiotherapy Mouthbreathing Anxiety Dehydration Sjogren’s syndrome
halitosis a) Exogenous (transient) ***Food-induced( eg raw onion, garlic, spices, smoking, alcohol, and dairy products that contain protein) ***Morning breath b) Endogenous (true oral halitosis) ***Oral(periodontal disease,infected extraction sites,debris under appliances,drymouth)
***drug induced ***systemic diseases c) Psychogenic ***Pseudohalitosis ***Halitophobia
How to keep a fresh breath 1. oral hygiene instruction(reinforce brushing, flossing tongue cleaning) 2. mechanical approach ( scaling and root planing) 3. chemical approach(mouthwash) 4. dietary advice( mouth cleaning after eating causative substances) 5. regular review.
Bad bite Human teeth are rarely perfectly aligned. Misalignment require orthodontic treatment in order to restore proper mouth function, improve dental health or even just restore the patient’s self esteem.
Dental problems caused by 'bad bite' Untreated orthodontic problems such as crooked, crowded and overlapping teeth usually lead to a combination of the following dental or general health conditions : Tooth decay and gum disease Injury to the gum
Systemic conditions ************DIABETES Oral manifestations:*periodontal diseases *taste and salivary dysfunction *oral infections *poor oral wound healing *caries and tooth loss *neurosensory disorder
Dental Care Tips for People With systemic conditions Monitor values (BP,blood sugar). Strict oral hygiene measures Bring your dentist a list of all the names and dosages of all medications Postpone nonemergency dental care procedures if values are not good Regular dental checks
ORAL CANCER Oral cancer is the most common type of head and neck cancer, and it includes throat cancer, tongue cancer, tonsil cancer and mouth cancer Regular checkups can detect the early stages of oral cancer or conditions that may lead to oral cancer.
At risk if: You are over the age of 40 You use cigarettes or chewing tobacco You consume alcohol daily You are suffering from a viral infection You have a poor diet that is low in fruits and vegetables
symptoms A lesion in your mouth lasting longer than two weeks A hard lump in your cheek White or red splotches anywhere in your mouth
Difficulty chewing or swallowing food Numbness in any area of your mouth, especially the tongue Having a chronic hoarse voice