Presentation on theme: "Congress is made up of: House Senate. Which branch of government is established by Article 1 Legislative Branch What is the main function of the legislative."— Presentation transcript:
Congress is made up of: House Senate
Which branch of government is established by Article 1 Legislative Branch What is the main function of the legislative branch? To make laws Where does Congress meet? Washington D.C. Name given to a two house legislature Bicameral
House of Representatives How many members? 435 Minimum age 25 Which party controls? Democrats How many up for reelection every two years? All-435
How many reps in Washington? 9 What district do you live in? District 1 Who is your representative? Jay Inslee—Democrat Name the top five leadership positions?
What are crucial factors in the selection? Seniority and majority party Members are elected for how many years? 2 A census must be taken every ______ years 10 Define apportionment Divide into shares or dividing seats in a legislative body
Reapportion To redistribute legislative seats after a census Redistricting means: Redrawing legislative boundaries or districts after a census Gerrymandering means: To draw unreasonable or oddly shaped districts to benefit one political party over another
Washington’s Congressional Districts
How many did constituents did the representatives have originally? 30,000 How many do they have today? About 650,000 According to paragraph 5, what is the power given to the House? Sole power of impeachment What does impeach mean? To bring formal charges against an elected official
Has this power ever been used against a president? Yes, twice Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
Senate Each state has how many senators? 2 How many members in the senate today? 100 Minimum age 30 Which party controls the senate today? Democrats
Who are Washington state’s senators? Patty Murray -democrat Maria Cantwell-democrat Senators are elected for how many years? 6 Minimum age is: 30 Who is the president of the senate? Vice president of the US—Joseph Biden
What official presides when he is gone? President Pro Tempore Currently Daniel Inouye When does the Vice President vote? When there is a tie Define filibuster Talking a bill to death; holding the floor at length in an attempt to avoid or postpone a vote
Define cloture: Parliamentary tactic used to stop a filibuster Requires signatures of 3/5 of senators Who are the top five leadership positions in the Senate? http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/senators/ a_three_sections_with_teasers/leadership.ht m http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/senators/ a_three_sections_with_teasers/leadership.ht m
The House is given sole power of impeachment. What related power is given to the Senate? The power to try the impeached official They are the “jury” What two penalties are imposed? Removal from office Never holding another public office Originally, senators were elected by: State legislatures
How was this changed? By the 17 th amendment allowing for direct election of senators How often does Congress meet? Once a year 20 th amendment says opening day is: January 3 rd Who determines the rules? Each house decides its own
Congressional Immunity You can’t be arrested for a misdemeanor while Congress is in session You can’t be sued for slander for speeches made on the floor Current compensation:
What is a bill? A proposed piece of legislation Define law: A bill that has passed through both houses of congress, and signed by the President All revenue bills must originate in which house? House of representatives
Define Quorum The number of people required to transact business 218 in the house 51 in the Senate What fraction is required to override a presidential veto? 2/3 Name of official record is: Congressional record or Journal
Powers of Congress There are 17 powers granted to Congress by the Constitution Collect taxes Borrow money Establish rules of naturalization Regulate commerce (trade) with foreign nations Coin money
Powers con’t Punishment for counterfeit Establish post office Issue patents and copyrights Raise and support an army Define and punish piracy Declare war A few others….
Elastic clause Article 1, section 8, paragraph 18 Also called the necessary and proper clause Gives congress “implied powers” Ability to make any law that is “necessary and proper” Very important part of the Constitution!!!
Loose construction Utilizing the elastic clause to it’s fullest Stretching the interpretation to fit changing times Strict Construction Literal interpretation of the document Ver Batim –word for word Example—2 nd amendment
SECTION 9 Powers Denied to Congress Cannot deny a writ of Habeus corpus This is the right to know why you are being detained Cannot pass ex-post facto laws Punishment for something that was legal when you did it! No bills of attainder—punishment withjout a legal trial!
Powers denied to the States No state may enter into a treaty
Review! “Rule of man, not of law” or rule by one Autocracy “Rule of law, not of man” or rule by the people Democracy Rule by a few or a small group Oligarchy Rule by inheritance Monarchy
Review con’t A republic means to have elected officials What are two ways you can “limil” a republic? Who can vote Who can run for office Define popular sovereignty “power to the people”
Review con’t Define delegated powers Powers give to the federal government What is an example of a delegated power? Coin money, declare war, post office, punish counterfeiters etc. Define reserved powers Powers “reserved” or saved for the states What is an example? Set age limits, licenses, public education
Review con’t Define concurrent power Powers all levels can share What is an example of a concurrent power? Taxation, making laws Describe /define a federal system of government State and central share power with the federal (central) being supreme
Review con’t Define/describe a confederate system of government State and central share power with the state being supreme What type of system do we use today? Federal! What were some of the problems unfer the Articles of Confederation that caused this change?
Review con’t No chief executive No standing military No common currency No court to settle disputes between states 9/13 had to agree to any changes No central mail service No control of interstate trade