2 Which branch of government is established by Article 1 Legislative BranchWhat is the main function of the legislative branch?To make lawsWhere does Congress meet?Washington D.C.Name given to a two house legislatureBicameral
3 House of Representatives How many members?435Minimum age25Which party controls?DemocratsHow many up for reelection every two years?All-435
4 How many reps in Washington? 9What district do you live in?District 1Who is your representative?Jay Inslee—DemocratName the top five leadership positions?
6 What are crucial factors in the selection? Seniority and majority partyMembers are elected for how many years?2A census must be taken every ______ years10Define apportionmentDivide into shares or dividing seats in a legislative body
7 Reapportion To redistribute legislative seats after a census Redistricting means:Redrawing legislative boundaries or districts after a censusGerrymandering means:To draw unreasonable or oddly shaped districts to benefit one political party over another
10 How many did constituents did the representatives have originally? 30,000How many do they have today?About 650,000According to paragraph 5, what is the power given to the House?Sole power of impeachmentWhat does impeach mean?To bring formal charges against an elected official
11 Has this power ever been used against a president? Yes, twiceAndrew Johnson and Bill Clinton
12 Senate Each state has how many senators? 2 How many members in the senate today?100Minimum age30Which party controls the senate today?Democrats
13 Who are Washington state’s senators? Patty Murray -democratMaria Cantwell-democratSenators are elected for how many years?6Minimum age is:30Who is the president of the senate?Vice president of the US—Joseph Biden
14 What official presides when he is gone? President Pro TemporeCurrently Daniel InouyeWhen does the Vice President vote?When there is a tieDefine filibusterTalking a bill to death; holding the floor at length in an attempt to avoid or postpone a vote
15 Define cloture: Parliamentary tactic used to stop a filibuster Requires signatures of 3/5 of senatorsWho are the top five leadership positions in the Senate?
16 The House is given sole power of impeachment. What related power is given to the Senate?The power to try the impeached officialThey are the “jury”What two penalties are imposed?Removal from officeNever holding another public officeOriginally, senators were elected by:State legislatures
17 How was this changed?By the 17th amendment allowing for direct election of senatorsHow often does Congress meet?Once a year20th amendment says opening day is:January 3rdWho determines the rules?Each house decides its own
18 Congressional Immunity You can’t be arrested for a misdemeanor while Congress is in sessionYou can’t be sued for slander for speeches made on the floorCurrent compensation:
19 What is a bill? A proposed piece of legislation Define law: A bill that has passed through both houses of congress, and signed by the PresidentAll revenue bills must originate in which house?House of representatives
20 Define Quorum The number of people required to transact business 218 in the house51 in the SenateWhat fraction is required to override a presidential veto?2/3Name of official record is:Congressional record or Journal
21 Powers of CongressThere are 17 powers granted to Congress by the ConstitutionCollect taxesBorrow moneyEstablish rules of naturalizationRegulate commerce (trade) with foreign nationsCoin money
22 Powers con’t Punishment for counterfeit Establish post office Issue patents and copyrightsRaise and support an armyDefine and punish piracyDeclare warA few others….
23 Elastic clause Article 1, section 8, paragraph 18 Also called the necessary and proper clauseGives congress “implied powers”Ability to make any law that is “necessary and proper”Very important part of the Constitution!!!
24 Loose construction Utilizing the elastic clause to it’s fullest Stretching the interpretation to fit changing timesStrict ConstructionLiteral interpretation of the documentVer Batim –word for wordExample—2nd amendment
25 SECTION 9 Powers Denied to Congress Cannot deny a writ of Habeus corpusThis is the right to know why you are being detainedCannot pass ex-post facto lawsPunishment for something that was legal when you did it!No bills of attainder—punishment withjout a legal trial!
26 Powers denied to the States No state may enter into a treaty
27 Review! “Rule of man, not of law” or rule by one Autocracy “Rule of law, not of man” or rule by the peopleDemocracyRule by a few or a small groupOligarchyRule by inheritanceMonarchy
28 Review con’t A republic means to have elected officials What are two ways you can “limil” a republic?Who can voteWho can run for officeDefine popular sovereignty“power to the people”
29 Review con’t Define delegated powers Powers give to the federal governmentWhat is an example of a delegated power?Coin money, declare war, post office, punish counterfeiters etc.Define reserved powersPowers “reserved” or saved for the statesWhat is an example?Set age limits, licenses, public education
30 Review con’t Define concurrent power Powers all levels can share What is an example of a concurrent power?Taxation, making lawsDescribe /define a federal system of governmentState and central share power with the federal (central) being supreme
31 Review con’t Define/describe a confederate system of government State and central share power with the state being supremeWhat type of system do we use today?Federal!What were some of the problems unfer the Articles of Confederation that caused this change?
32 Review con’t No chief executive No standing military No common currencyNo court to settle disputes between states9/13 had to agree to any changesNo central mail serviceNo control of interstate trade