Presentation on theme: "The Powers of Congress. Limited Government -Article One -Congress is given certain powers -defined in Article 1 of the Constitution -Congress is denied."— Presentation transcript:
Limited Government -Article One -Congress is given certain powers -defined in Article 1 of the Constitution -Congress is denied certain powers -defined in Article 1 What Congress can’t do: Can’t favor one state over another Can’t tax interstate trade Can’t tax exports Can’t suspend the: Writ of Habeas Corpus- Court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person Can’t pass any: Bills of Attainder Laws that punish a person w/o access to a jury trial Ex post facto laws Laws that make an act a crime after the act has been committed
Expressed Powers -Expressed (written in constitution), Delegated, Enumerated, Exclusive are all the same -Powers given to Congress in Article One -Examples: Money: Can collect taxes Borrow $ Coin $ Military: Can declare war Can raise an army
Implied Powers -Powers given to Congress by the Necessary and Proper Clause NOT written in Const! Aka the ELASTIC CLAUSE -Interpretation of the Constitution Examples: Power to tax and collect taxes implies: the power to support school Power to draft
Additional Powers -Power to Investigate This is an example of checks and balances -Power to Propose Amendments -Power to Impeach: Impeach- formally accuse officials of misconduct
Powers of the House -Must start all Appropriation Bills -”power of the purse”-- Power of the House whereby all revenue producing bills must be introduced in the House of Representatives **authorization bills- allow beginning of projects and AUTHORIZE how much $ can be spent ** appropriation bills- provide $ for each program/decide how much will be appropriate to spend -Picks President if no winner (tie) in Electoral College -Begins the Impeachment Process No gov’t agency can spend $ w/o approval from Congress
Powers of the Senate -Approves Presidential Appointments “Pres appoints, Senate approves” -Approves all Treaties “ Pres appoints, Senate approves” -Acts as jury in Impeachment cases
Other Limits -10 th Amendment Remember: any powers denied to national gov’t (congress) and given to STATES -Checks and Balances System Each branch of gov’t exercises some control over the others! Examples of checks and balances: Supreme Ct can declare laws established by Congress unconstitutional President can veto bills passed by congress before they become laws -Two Party System If both houses of Congress can get 2/3 vote they can override a Presidential veto!