Presentation on theme: "What is forest farming?. Forest farming is the intentional manipulation of forest lands to produce a regular supply of food, medicinal, ornamental, and."— Presentation transcript:
What is forest farming?
Forest farming is the intentional manipulation of forest lands to produce a regular supply of food, medicinal, ornamental, and other non-timber forest products. Forest Farming
Forest farming involves the cultivation or deliberate management of specialty forest products such as Basketry materials Bee products Botanicals Carving materials Fruits & nuts Fencing materials Medicinals Mushrooms Oils Resins Syrups & saps
Forest Farming Practices
Familiar examples of forest farming practices include Bees and trees – apiculture Woods grown mushrooms Maple syrup production Shade gardens
Why Forest Farming? Forest farming is an agroforestry approach to natural resources management that can help landowners improve the productivity of their forest resources.
Benefits of Forest Farming Practice
Possible benefits of forest farming include: Diversifying farm productivity and profitability Improving forest health and conservation Reducing collection pressure on rare plants Generating short and medium term revenue streams from private forest lands Stimulating private forest owner interest in management for improved timber, wildlife and aesthetic values Fun and enjoyment
See Forest Farming Forest farming is one of five systems of agroforestry practice that is commonly recognized in North America. Like other agroforestry practices, forest farming is characterized by the four i's: intentional integrated intensive interactive (1) Unlike other agroforestry practices such as alley cropping or silvopasture where trees are introduced into some type of agricultural system, in forest farming, agricultural or cropping techniques are intentionally introduced into existing forested systems. (2) Common types of practice include medicinal plants, gourmet mushrooms and bee products. Floral, fruit and nut crops also hold promise for being produced in forest farming practices. The various product options have different forest management requirements. The principle forest management requirement for apiculture, and for maple syrup production, involves tree crop selection and possible thinning to increase crown size for bee forage or sap production. Medicinal herb production normally involves cultivating the forest floor and possibly thinning the canopy to create the appropriate microclimate. Small diameter hardwoods that are removed for timber stand improvement may be used as logs or chippings for mushroom production. An important concern for any of these practices is the use of chemicals in the production of either the tree crop or the farmed crop. Any proposed chemical must be compatible for all components (i.e., animal and plant) in the practice. Long term forest health must be of paramount concern to designers and managers of viable forest farming practices. For more information about agroforestry see the USDA National Agroforestry Center's web page: (1) Gold, M.A., W.J. Rietveld, H.E. Garrett and R.F. Fisher, In: H.E. Garrett