2INTRODUCTION SAFTY OBJECTIVES-------- Follow safe work practices and proceduresInspect safety equipment before useProper use of safety equipmentUnderstanding these objectives will provide you with the proper knowledge to take full advantage of training, job, and career opportunities.
3Career OpportunitiesUnion Positions, local company jobs, and continuing educationAlways a need for skilled workersMore training and schooling means more $$$$$$
4Characteristics of a Professional Craftsperson Honesty- Be honest and truthful in all dealingsIntegrity- Doing right even when there is great pressureLoyalty- Be worthy of trustRespect for others- don’t take unfair advantage of others mistakes or difficultiesLaw abiding- Abide by laws, rules, and regulations relating to all personal and business activitiesCommitment to excellence- being well-informed and prepared and always trying to increase proficiencyLeadership- seek to be a positive role model for others
5Accidents: Causes and Results What Causes accidents?Failure to communicatePoor work habitsAlcohol or drug abuseIntentional actsUnsafe actsUnsafe conditions
6Failure to communicate Many accidents happen because of a lack of communicationRemember that different people, companies, and job sites do things differentlyNever Assume----assuming that other people know and will do what you think they should know and do can cause accidents!!!!!
7Specific signs and markings Information signs are blue and provide general informationSafety signs give general instructions and suggest safety measures and are green with white letters
8ContinuedCaution signs tell about potential hazards and are yellow and blackDanger signs tell you that there is an immediate dangers and are black, red, and white
9Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) A document that must accompany any hazardous material. MSDS identifies the substance and gives exposure limits, physical and chemical make-up, the kind of hazard it presents, precautions for safe-handling and use, and specific control measuresMSDS sheets from cleaning solutions to batteries for cordless drills
10Poor work habits Poor work habits can cause serious accidents. Procrastination, putting off repair, inspection, or cleaning of equipmentYour safety is affected by not only by how you do your work, but also by how you act on the jobsite
11Alcohol and Drug abuseAlcohol and drug abuse costs the construction industry millions of dollars a year in accidents, lost time, and lost productivityYou don’t have to be using illegal drugs but over the counter or prescribed drugs cause accidents
12Lack of skillBe sure to learn and practice new skills under careful supervisionDo not use a tool unless you were properly trained
13Intentional Acts When someone purposely causes an accident. Retaliation ActsDisgruntled Mailmen!!!!!!!
14Unsafe acts Failing to use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Using defective equipmentUsing equipment improperlyOperating equipment at improper speedsLifting improperlyFailing to warn co-workers
15Unsafe conditions Congested workplace Defective tools, equipment, or suppliesFire and explosive hazardsPoor lightingRadiation exposureInadequate warning systems
16Reporting injuries and accidents, and incidents You must report all on-the-job injuries, accidents, or incidents, no matter how minor, to your supervisorFour leading hazard groupsFalls from elevationsStruck by accidents involve unsafe operationCaught-in or caught between involve unsafe operationsElectrical shockANSWER QUESTIONS
17Construction site job hazards This part of the unit describes some of the more common hazards and explains how to deal with themAlways be aware of the specific hazards when you are working
18Welding or use of torches Always keep oxygen away from sources of flame and combustible materials especially oil and greaseWhen welding beware of ultraviolet rays to avoid flash burn
19Hoses Fuel hose is always red w/ left handed thread Oxygen hose is green w/right handed threadsBe sure to check for leaks, burns, worn places, or other defects
20RegulatorsAttached to cylinder heads to lower high cylinder pressures to required working pressureNever mix regulators—ex : oxygen on acetyleneNever use oil to lubricate
21Confined SpacesIs a space that is large enough for a person to work but has limited means of entry or exitMany confined spaces contain hazardous gases or fluids when equipment is in operationEX: HVAC-if refrigerant leaking, especially lower to the ground, Plumbing-primer and glue fumes
22Working safely with job hazards Lockout/tagoutThis system safeguards workers from hazardous energy while working on machines or equipmentThe person who puts on the tag always has the keyLock out and tag all electrical systemsAll questions about lockout\tagout contact supervisor
23Barriers and Barricades Any opening in a wall or floor is a hazard and must be guardedWarning barricadesRed means dangerYellow means cautionYellow and purple mean radiation
24Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) PPE is designed to protect people from injuryHard hatSafety glasses, goggles, and face shieldsHarnessGlovesShoesHearing protectionRespiratory protection
25LiftingOne fourth of all occupational happens when workers are handling or moving construction materialsMove close to object, position feet in a forward/backward strideBend knees and lower body keeping back straightPut hands under object, slip one hand under one corner and the other to tilt object
26Cont. Draw the object close to your body Lift slowly by straightening your legs and keeping the objects weight as much as possible over your legsPick object up facing the direction you are going to go
27Aerial workThere are many times when workers must work in elevated locationsWhen aerial work is done properly with proper equipment, it is very safeIn the following sections you will learn how to use aerial equipment, inspect it, and how to maintain it.
28Ladders & Scaffolds Used to perform aerial work When using ladder be sure to use three point contactBe sure to use ladders and scaffolds for their intended useBe sure not to use aluminum ladders when working with electric
29Extension Ladders A combination of 2 straight ladders When inspecting be sure rope is not frayed or has worn spotsWhen using be sure rungs are secured and rope is secure
30Step Ladders Self-supporting ladders w/ two sections hinged at the top When inspecting be sure to pay attention to all the hingesBe sure to have spreaders completely openNever stand on top step or use braces as steps
31Scaffolds Two types; manufactured and rolling When inspecting be sure to check tags for the scaffold for OSHA standardsGreen – meetsYellow – does not meetRed – scaffold in process of being put up or taken down
32Hazard Communication Standard This is a rule that OSHA devised, also know as the “Right to Know” requirement.Requires all contractors to educate their employees about hazardous chemical they might be exposed toHazardous chemicals applies to paint, concrete, and even wood dust
33Fire SafetyIn order for a fire to start, oxygen, fuel, and heat must be presentMust know P.A.S.S.
35Electrical SafetyBe sure that all equipment that is being used is properly groundedAlways inspect electrical toolsNever use bare electrical wireNever use a metal hard hatAlways use ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) where moisture is present
36If someone is shocked Immediately disconnect the circuit If unable to disconnect circuit use a non-conductive object to separate victim from circuitOnce victim is separated from circuit, apply first aid and call ambulance