Presentation on theme: "Prepared By: Shakil Raiman. Sound waves are longitudinal waves Sound waves are produced by vibration of objects. Here the loudspeaker vibrate and."— Presentation transcript:
Sound waves are longitudinal waves Sound waves are produced by vibration of objects. Here the loudspeaker vibrate and produce sound.
As the speaker cone moves to the right it pushes air molecules closer together, creating a compression. The region where the particles are spread out is called rarefaction.
Sound wave needs medium to travel. It can travel through solid, liquid and gas (air) It cannot travel through vacuum.
In air : 330 m/s In water: 1500 m/s In Steel: 5000 m/s
Temperature: If temperature increases speed of sound increases. Humidity : If humidity increases speed of sound increases. Air Flow: If air flow in the direction of sound flow speed of sound increases. Altitude: At high altitude speed of sound is less. Pressure does not affect the speed of sound.
When sound wave strikes a surface it may be reflected. A reflected sound wave is called an echo. Multiple echo is called reverberation. It causes problem while sound is played in hall rooms or auditoriums. So, the walls of the hall rooms or auditoriums are covered with soft materials to decrease the reverberation.
Echo is used to measure the depth of the sea or shoal of fish by the ship which is called echo sounding. V=2d/t
The bending of waves while passing through narrow gaps (or at the edges of an obstacle) is called diffraction. Waves diffract more when width of the gap is close to the wavelength of the wave.
Different creature has different audible range. Human Audible Range is 20Hz to 20,000 Hz Sound waves with frequency less than 20Hz is called infrasound. It is used for seismic survey. Sound waves with frequency more than 20,000Hz is called ultrasound. It is used for ultrasonography or cleaning.
The greater the amplitude of the vibration the louder the sound. The higher the frequency of the vibration the higher the pitch.
Wish you all very good luck and excellent result.