2 What is sound?A sound wave is a wave of alternating high pressure and low pressure regions.Anything that vibrates in air creates a sound wave.It is a longitudinal wave because the air compresses in the direction of travel
3 Loudness The loudness of a sound is measured in decibels (dB) The louder the sound the higher the amplitude of the wave
4 Decibel Scale The decibel scale is a logarithmic measure of sound. An increase of 20 dB means the wave has a 10 times greater amplitudeBut, our ears perceives a 20 dB increase to be about twice as loud
5 Frequency of SoundWe hear the different frequencies of sound has having a different pitch.Low frequency has a low pitchHigh frequency has a high pitchHumans can hear from about 20 Hz to 20,000 HzHuman ears are most sensitive for sounds between 100 and 2,000 Hz (range of speech)
6 WavelengthThe frequency and wavelength of sound are inversely related.When frequency goes up, wavelength goes down.
7 Speed of SoundThe speed of sound depends upon the material the sound is traveling.Sound travels faster in a solid than in air.Sound requires a medium to travel. As a result, sound DOES NOT travel in a vacuum.
8 BeatsBeats – when two frequencies are close, but not exactly the same, the resulting sound seems to oscillateWhen the two waves are in phase, the sound gets louder. When the two waves are out of phase, the sound gets softer
9 MusicThe same note sounds different when played on different instruments.Instruments produce a mixture of different frequencies.