Presentation on theme: "Transfer of Infection Sexual Transmission"— Presentation transcript:
1Transfer of Infection Sexual Transmission Please be aware that this presentation contains some graphical images of sexual reproductive organs, please delete them if you do not wish to use.
2What are STIs?Infections passed from person to person through sexual contactSome can be cured e.g. ChlamydiaSome more serious diseases cannot e.g. AIDSThere are over 25 different known STIs!
3Can you think of any STIs? ThrushHepatitisChlamydiaHIVAIDSHerpesGonorrhoeaGenital WartsSyphilis
4Chlamydia trachomatis Swollen testicles due to a Chlamydia infection Chlamydia – the factsCaused byBacteria Chlamydia trachomatisIncidenceThe most commonly diagnosed STI in the UKSymptomsIn many cases Chlamydia is asymptomatic howeverWomen – vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, pain on passing urineMen – discharge from the penis, testicular inflammation, irritation of the penisBabies – eye infection, pneumoniaTransmissionVia vaginal, anal and oral sexCan be transmitted from mother to unborn babyChlamydia trachomatisSwollen testicles due to a Chlamydia infection
5Genital herpes in a female Caused byHerpes Simplex VirusIncidenceIncreased by 33% between 1997 – 2006 in the UKRecurrent SymptomsIn many cases there are no symptoms however asymptomatic carriers can still spread the infectionSymptoms can occur 26 days after exposure and includeitching/tingling in the genital or anal areasmall fluid-filled blisters and painful sorespain when passing urinea flu-like illnessTransmissionSkin to skin contactHerpes Simplex VirusGenital herpes in a female
6Neisseria gonorrhoeae Caused byBacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeaeIncidenceIncreased by 46% between 1997 and 2006 in the UKSymptomsAbout half of all women infected with gonorrhoea, and over 90% of men experience symptomsCan affect the genitals, anus, rectum and throat with symptoms includinga thin, watery discharge from the vagina or tip of the penis that can appear yellow or green, and pain when urinatingTransmissionSexual intercourseNeisseria gonorrhoeae
7HIV / AIDSCaused byVirus Human Immunodeficiency virus which leads to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)Incidence (UK)there are 73,000 people in the living with HIVexperts believe that 30% of people with HIV do not know that they have the conditionSymptomsEarly stage HIV: fever, sore throat, joint pain, rashLater stage HIV: fever, night sweats, blurred vision, swollen glands, weight lossAIDS: the immune system stops working leaving the patient exposed to many other life threatening conditions such as pneumoniaTransmissionVia vaginal, anal and oral sex
8Oral candidiasis on the tongue and soft palette ThrushCaused byFungus of the species CandidaIncidenceIncreased by 46% between 1997 and 2006 in the UKSymptomsWomenvaginal discharge and or itchingpain, or discomfort, during sexual intercoursepain, or discomfort, during urinationMenDischarge from and inflammation of the penisPain while passing urineSmall red spots on the tip of the penisIncreased byAssociated with antibiotic use that kill the normal microflora; pregnancy; immune deficiencyCan be transmitted sexuallyCandida albicansOral candidiasis on the tongue and soft palette
9Protection against STIs AbstinenceThe only sure way not to catch an STIUse a condom during sexual activityPrevents the transmission of bodily fluidOnly protects the skin it covers, sores/warts not covered can still spread through skin contactTalk to your partnerDiscuss the options of safer sex practicesDiscuss the option of you both being tested for an STI before committing to a sexual relationshipHave regular check ups at the local family planning or GUM (Genito urinary medicine) clinicEven if you do not think you have an infection – remember many infections do not appear to have symptoms!