Presentation on theme: "BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS & Concussions"— Presentation transcript:
1BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS & Concussions Rutherford County SchoolsDepartment of SchoolHealth Services
2New Info for All Teachers RCS has started an initiative to identify students with a concussion that may have happened during the school day, from after schools sports or during any activity.
3Facts A concussion is a brain injury All concussions are serious Concussions can occur without a Loss Of Consciousness
4Facts Can occur in any sport Recognition and proper care when they first occur can help prevent further brain injury
5What is a concussion?Brain injury that changes how the cells in the brain normally workCaused by a blow to the head or body that causes the brain to move rapidly inside the skull
6Concussion (Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) Sometimes difficult to diagnoseComputed Tomography (CT) Scans appear normalOften detected by those who knew the person prior to injurySymptoms include changes in memory, mood and personalityApproximately 75% of all brain injuries are MildMost people fully recover
7Reported by Student Headache/pressure in head Nausea/vomiting Balance problems/dizzinessVision changesSensitivity to light/noiseInability to stay focused in classDoes not appear engaged in class when usually is an active participant
8What Can You as the Teacher Do to Help? Be aware that symptoms may not show until the student has to focus during the class day, especially if the injury happened over the weekend. So your observation is very important.Send the student to the school nurse if he/she has any of the symptoms that may signal a concussion; especially not staying focused in class if they are generally an active participant or stay engaged during the class.
9If you are interested in more information about concussions please contact your school nurse or go to the RCS homepage and view the Concussion PowerPoint at the Health Services site.Thank your for your attention and now on to the newly revised Bloodborne Pathogen presentation
10What Are Bloodborne Pathogens? Bloodborne Pathogens are germs (microorganisms) that are present in human blood and can infect people and cause disease.
11How are these GERMS spread? They are spread by contaminated blood or body fluids (urine, vomit, mucous, semen, etc.) that enter the body of another.Transmission is most likely to occur through:An accidental cutting of skin by a sharp object, such as broken glass that is contaminatedContact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluidsContact between mucous membranes and infectedbody fluids
12What is Broken Skin? Open sores Cuts Abrasions Acne Any sort of damaged or broken skin such as sunburn blisters or by scratching mosquito bites
13How Else Can it be Spread? Through mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouthUnprotected sex with an infected personSharing needles with an infected person
14How is it NOT Spread? Through touching an infected person Coughing or sneezingUsing the same equipment, materials, toilets, water fountains, or showers as an infected person
15What Can I Do to Protect Myself? Use UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS (treat everyone as if they are infected!)You have gloves available for your useAsk your school nurse or the custodian for more gloves if you are outBe sure to wash your hands after taking off the glovesAppropriate Housekeeping MeasuresProper disposal of contaminated wasteBandages that are NOT dripping blood can be disposed of in a regular garbage canMRSA contaminated bandages are highly contagiousPersonal Protective Equipment (PPE)Using gloves and/or goggles when appropriate
16Females of Childbearing Age Some illnesses can be passed on to the “baby” and cause it harm.Sometimes the risk factor is based on the gestational age of the babyOr it may be harmful during the entire pregnancy or only during childbirth.For example: H1N1 flu puts a pregnant women at risk any time during their pregnancy for severe complications that may even be life-threatening.
17Females of Childbearing Age Some kids are contagious before they have symptoms that identify their disease, such as Fifth’s Disease.These kids are no longer contagious once their rash is manifested, but you have already been exposed.Universal Precautions remains an important safeguard, but doesn’t prevent respiratory (droplet) transmission of germs.Keeping a clean work environment is helpful in germ control by cleaning contaminated surfaceswith the proper cleaning solution.
18Females of Childbearing Age You need to check with your OB-GYN to determine risk factors if you are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant.The doctor is the expert who knows what isharmful to the baby.Remember to always wear gloves and wash your hands frequently when dealing with children with a fever, cold or flu symptoms, general feelings of malaise, a rash, when changing a diaper, or when exposed to blood or body fluids, i.e vomit, urine, etc.
19What Could Happen at Work to Put Me At Risk? If you don’t put your gloves on before dealing with a child that is vomitingIf you are a First Responder and don’t put your gloves or eye protection onIf there is bleeding and you don’t put your gloves onIf you are changing a diaper and don’t wear your glovesWhat else can you think of that may put you at risk?
20Complete Your Hepatitis B Series if You Are Designated “At Risk” School secretaries and/or Para Professionals /Educational Assistants, if they are designated as the persons who deals with injuries in the normal performance of their duties;CDC teachers and paraprofessionals working with developmentally disabled/severely disabled students;Bus attendants who work with developmentallydisabled students;First Responder team members;School Nurses.Custodians
21NEW starting 2011-2012 Hepatitis B Update For those people deemed “at risk” that receive the 3 shot Hepatitis B series, a blood draw will be done one to two months after you receive the third shot in the series to make sure you acquired immunities to Hepatitis B. This will be done at either the Blackman Elementary or Stewarts Creek clinic site.If you did not form the antibodies needed to protect you from Hepatitis B you will need to repeat the 3 shot series.
22Response Involving Blood or Body Fluids Wear appropriate gloves or gogglesCarefully cover the spill with an absorbent material, i.e. paper towel, to prevent splashingDisinfect with proper solution (*custodian will have the proper equipment)Wait 10 minutes to ensure adequate decontamination, and then carefully wipe up the spilled material *Disinfect all mops and cleaning tools after the job is done *Dispose of all contaminated materials appropriately *Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after the clean up is complete
23Waste DisposalDo NOT pick broken glass up directly with your hands. Instead use items such as a brush and dustpan to pick it upSterilize broken glass that is visibly contaminated with blood with an approved disinfectant before cleaning it upDispose of decontaminated glass in an appropriate sharps container. Sharps containers should be leak-proof on sides and bottom, and appropriately labeledDispose of uncontaminated broken glass in a closable, puncture resistant container
24What if I Have an Exposure…. That results in a cut by a potentially contaminated needle or other sharp object?A splash of blood or other potentially infectious materials to the eyes, mouth, or mucous membranes?Blood or other potentially infectious materials contacting broken skin?Early treatment can significantly reduce the chance of disease transmission!
25When an Employee Has a Possible Exposure: Clean the area immediately preferably with soap and water or use alcohol based hand rubFor eyes flush with running waterInform the Principal and/or your supervisor as soon as possibleComplete the First Report of Injury FormComplete the Panel of Physicians FormYou will be seen by the Workman’s Comp physician that you selected on the Panel ofPhysicians Form
26If You Have Any Questions Please contact your school nurseShe is always available to answer your questions