Presentation on theme: "1 （ 2009· 山东） 阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后的要求答题（请 注意问题后的词数要求）。 ［ 1 ］ Hello.It’s one of the first words we learn as babies,yet it’s one of the last ones we think to use."— Presentation transcript:
1 （ 2009· 山东） 阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后的要求答题（请 注意问题后的词数要求）。 ［ 1 ］ Hello.It’s one of the first words we learn as babies,yet it’s one of the last ones we think to use as adults.That’s unfortunate,because saying hello is more than just saying hello—it is recognition of another’s worth.How might the world change—how might we change—if we mastered this word?To find out,I spent one 四、阅读表达
month saying hello to every person I met.Here’s what I’ve learned. ［ 2 ］ It can boost( 促进 ) productivity.In one of the few studies ever done on this subject, Allan Allday,an assistant professor of special education at Oklahoma State University,had middle school teachers greet their students individually each morning.This exchange of greetings raised the kids’ productivity.School went from impersonal to personal,and that resulted in more class participation and better grades.
［ 3 ］ Environments influence friendliness.One study found that people in the city were less likely to shake hands with a stranger than those in the countryside.And,researchers say,pleasant environments generally encourage more smiles and hellos than unpleasant ones.My experience was similar.Whatever the reason,my urban hellos were answered far less often than my rural ones. Similarly,people in vacation spots,like the Jersey Shore,were far friendlier than those hurrying to work downtown.
［ 4 ］ It’s a form of universal health insurance. It’s impossible to say hello without smiling.And smiling has been shown to lower blood pressure, relieve stress and boost happiness.Apparently,a smile creates a similar effect in the recipient( 接 受者 ). ［ 5 ］ So maybe we can make the world a better place by.After a month of doing it,I feel lighter and more connected and I have a better sense of well-being.
1.What does the author say about the adults a ccording to Paragraph 1?(Please answer within 8 words.) Adults are not willing to say hello./Adults seldom say hello. 2.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Teachers and students got friendlier so that the students became more active in learning and scored higher in tests. School went from impersonal to personal,and that resulted in more class participation and better grades.
3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words.(Please answer within 5 words.) saying hello to each other/greeting each other/ saying hello 4.List three effects of smiling on health accord- ing to the text.(Please answer within 8 words.) （ 1 ） lowering blood pressure （ 2 ） relieving stress （ 3 ） boosting happiness 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragr- aph 3 into Chinese. 不管出于什么原因，我在城里打招呼得到的回应比 在乡村少得多。
2 （ 2008· 山东） 阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后的要求答题（请 注意问题后的词数要求）。 ［ 1 ］ The word addiction usually makes you think of alcohol or drugs,but in modern-day society we are seeing some new kinds of addic- tions.Some people are compulsive ( 难以自制的 ) shoppers.Others find it impossible to pull them- selves away from their work.Still others spend countless hours watching TV or playing computer games.
［ 2 ］ Over the years,shopping has become a very common activity.Many people enjoy going to stores more and more every day,but it’s more than a common hobby for some of them. They have turned into shopaholics.They are people who simply enjoy shopping and walking around spending money without being able to stop doing it.They are hooked on shopping and usually buy things that they don’t need.Even though they don’t have enough money,they buy everything they want.
［ 3 ］ The question is,why do they have this addiction?There isn’t a specific answer.Some people go shopping when they are sad,worried, upset or lonely and they want to feel better.They use this activity as a way to forget their problems.Shopaholics say that they feel more important and better after they buy something. They also tend to have this addiction when they feel guilty.
［ 4 ］ Shopaholism seems to be a harmless addiction,but it can.Some of them can be psychological.If this is the case,people addicted to shopping should go to a support group to help them break this habit.However,the process, like for most addictions,is long,and they suffer a lot.It can also cause financial problems.They just think about satisfying their feelings,so they spend money they don’t have.They get deep in debt,and they can even go bankrupt and get sentto prison.
6.List three activities that might develop into addictions based on the text.(Please answer within 8 words.) (1)shopping/drinking (2)playing computer games/working (3)watching TV/taking drugs 7.What is the main idea of Paragraph 3?(Please answer within 8 words.) The reasons why some people/shopaholics have shopping addiction./The possible reasons for shopaholism/shopping addiction. 8.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words.(Please answer within 6 words.) cause/bring about/result in many problems
9.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Accordingly,these shopaholics should turn to a certain organization for help so that they can stop compulsive shopping. If this is the case,people addicted to shopping should go to a support group to help them break this habit. 10.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese. 他们购物成瘾，而且通常买的都是用不着的东西。 / 他们购物上瘾，常买些不需要的东西。
主旨概括题以偏概全，叙述不准 Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it,and to go to their offices,factories or schools every day by train,car or bus,even though this means they have to get up earlier in the morning and reach home later in the evening. One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper.Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent.With the same money,one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.Besides,in the
country one can live away house in the country with a garden of one’s own. Besides,in the coun- try one can live away from the noise and hurry of the town.Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time on trains or buses,one can have a better sleep at night and during weekends.On summer evenings,one can enjoy the fresh and clean air.If one likes gardens,one can spend his free time digging, planting, water- ing and doing other jobs which are needed in a garden.When the flowers and vegetables come up,one has a chance to share the secrets of nature. Q:What’s the best title for this passage?(Plea- se answer within 10 words.)
考生在做标题归纳题时，往往不知道如何分析 材料，无法从繁多信息中筛选出有效信息，得出 正确答案。在表述上语言不精炼，叙述繁冗拖沓， 模棱两可，不能准确描述出文章大意。 【解题探究】本文一开始就提出 “ 在伦敦工作的人宁 愿早起晚归，往返于伦敦与郊区之间 ” 这个观点，总 领了全文。第二段中的 “One advantage of living outside London...”,“Besides,in the country one can live away from the noise and hurry of the town.” 以 及后面的其他关键信息提示考生，本文主要阐述了 住在伦敦郊区
给人们带来的好处和乐趣。因此我们可以得出此题答 案应为 “Why People Working inLondon Prefer Living Outside It?/Advantages of Living Outside London” 。 英语文章的标题应该简洁明了。在归纳标题时要注意 以下几点： 1. 贵精炼，忌冗繁； 2. 贵具体，忌抽象、 空洞； 3. 贵达意，忌文不对题； 4. 贵宏观把握，大处 着眼，忌一叶障目，不见泰山。
补全句子题脱离语境，想当然地解答 It’s widely believed that natural disasters,a growing demand for food worldwide,coupled with market speculation （投机买卖）,surging （飞 涨） oil prices and the expansion of biofuels,are pushing the food price up. The UN Environment Program said the plan- et’s water,land,air,plants,animals and fish were all in “continuous decline”.According to the UN’s World Food Program(WFP),57 countries, include- ing 29 in Africa,19 in Asia and 9 in Latin America, have been hit by serious floods. Harvests
have been affected by drought and heat waves in south Asia,Europe,China,Sudan,Mozambique and Uruguay. A growing population also greater dem- and for food.According to Josette Sheeran,dire- ctor of the WFP,“There are 854 million hungry people in the world and 4 million more join their ranks every year.” “We are facing the tightest food supplies in recent history.For the world’s most vulnerable, food is simply being priced out of their reach,” he said.
According to Japan’s Economist magazine, after the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis （次贷危 机）,a huge amount of funds has flowed into the less risky agricultural commodities （商品） market,pushing food price up along with oil,gold and other commodities. High oil prices and the promotion of biofuels in many developed countries have further caused the increase of food price.The expen- sive oil has raised the cost of farm production in its various phases,such as crop growth and product transportation.
Biofuels directly consume crops.Some developed countries have encouraged the use and production of biofuels in recent years in order to reduce greenhouse gas pollution and dependence on oil imports.The direct effect is the reduction of food for humans,pushing the price up. Q:Please fill in the blank in the third parag- raph with a proper phrase to complete the sentence.(Please answer within 5 words.)
主观性试题词不达意，逻辑混乱 A new study has found that a fat cell gene may reduce the risk of colon cancer in some people.The study provides what scientists say is the first evidence of a genetic link between a fat cell gene and colon cancer.The research could lead to better tests for the disease as well as measures to help prevent it. Current evidence suggests a relationship between obesity,insulin resistance and colon cancer risk.The scientists say what they have found now is an area of a gene that is connected
with the cancer risk.They say this area is most likely not the cause of the disease,but they think it is where the connection comes from. The gene is involved in the formation of a hormone called adiponectin.Some people have higher levels of this hormone in their blood. Others have lower levels.Higher levels have been linked with lower rates of obesity and insulin resistance.And lower levels have been linked with higher rates. The Journal of the American Medical Assoc- iation published the new findings last week.Boris
Pasche from the Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham led the research. Colon cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths.Every year it kills almost six hun- dred eighty thousand people around the world. And doctors find more than one million new cases each year.The disease is highly treatable if discovered early. The research involved two studies with a total of about one thousand five hundred people.The larger of the two studies involved New Yorkers of
Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry.Colon cancer is more common in Jews of eastern European ancestry than in the general population.The other study involved people of different ethnicities from Chicago,Illinois. Currently,in the United States,the general advice is for colonoscopy （结肠镜检查） tests for colon cancer to begin at the age of fifty.A colon- oscopy can find and remove growths before they become cancerous.But the test is invasive and can be uncomfortable.
A study last month in the New England Jour- nal of Medicine expressed support for a test called a virtual colonoscopy.It uses X-ray and computer technology to search for growths,but cannot remove them.There are still some ques- tions about the effectiveness of a virtual colonoscopy compared to a traditional one.But doctors hope it might appeal to people who would otherwise not be tested at all. Q:Do you think the new research is practical and useful?Why?(Please answer within 30 words.)
考生解答主观性试题时容易犯以下错误： 1. 忽 视答案的层次性，叙述繁冗，表意不清； 2. 语言 表达不准确，不规范，缺乏逻辑性； 3. 有时会有 语法错误。 【解题探究】根据题干可知，此题有两问，答案也应 当分为两个部分。第一部分回答前面的一般疑问句， 第二部分回答具体原因。根据文章第一段最后一句 “The research could lead to better tests for the disease as well as measures to help prevent it.” 及文章后面几段的描述可知，此种研究方式虽然
还存在一些疑问，但是却比以往的有效，而且有助于 结肠癌的治疗。所以答案应为 “Yes,I think so.Although there are some questions about its effectiveness,it is still useful because people can have a better test and treatment with it.” 做此类题时应注意： 1. 语言表达要简洁、明了； 2. 书写要清晰整洁； 3. 答案应忠实于文章内容，关键信息不能有遗漏， 不能凭空增加多余信息。 句子逐字翻译，不符合汉语的习惯表达 Called “The School of the Future” and created
with the help of software giant Microsoft,a recently-opened public school in Philadelphia, US,is believed to be the first in the world to combine innovative teaching methods with the latest technology.At this school,students work on wireless laptops,teachers eschew traditional subjects for real-world topics and parents can track their children’s work on the Internet.
The school,which costs the school authority $63 million to build,is free and has no entrance exams.The 170 ninth-grade students were selected at random from 1,500 applicants. Philadelphia School District Chief Executive Paul Vallas told students they would be observed by other schools around the world.“You have become instant role models,”Vallas said.“People are going to be watching you.” Students still sit in classrooms,but lessons rely heavily on information found on the Internet and on interactive software.Students will be
allowed to learn at their own pace.Homework is done on computer and sent to the teachers for grading and parents can access the school’s network to read teachers’ feedback on their children’s progress. Traditional education fails to teach students the skills of problem-solving,critical thinking and effective communication,which they need to succeed in the 21st century,Principal Shirley Grover said in an interview.“It’s not about memo- rizing certain algebraic equations （代数方程式） and then presenting them in a test,”Grover said.
“It’s about thinking how maths might be used to solve water quality problems or how it might be used to determine whether or not we are safe in Philadelphia from the bird flu.” David Terry,14,said he was hoping to “turn over a new leaf” after discipline problems in his previous school left him with an “average to really bad” academic record.“This is a great opportunity for me,” he said.“In other schools,I would not find study so interesting.” Q:Please translate the underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph into Chinese.
1 （ 2009· 淄博二次质检） If you are a male and you are reading this, congratulations:you are a survivor.According to statistics,you are more than twice likely to die of skin cancer than a woman,and nine times more likely to die of AIDS. There are many reasons for this.Typically,men take more risks than women and are more likely to drink and smoke but perhaps more importantly, men don’t go to the doctor.
Gullotta,a professor from a famous medical university,says a healthy man should visit the doctor every year or two.For those over 45,it should be at least once a year. Two months ago Gullotta saw a 50-year-old man who had delayed doing anything about his smoker’s cough for a year. According to a recent survey,95% of women aged between 15 and early 40s see a doctor once a year,compared to 70% of men in the same age group. “A lot of men think they are absolutely strong,” Gullotta says.They only come in when a friend drops dead on the golf course and they think,
“Geez,if it could happen to him,.” Then there is the ostrich approach.“Some men are scared of what might be there and would rather not know,”says Dr. Ross Cartmill. “Most men get their cars serviced more regularly than they service their bodies,”Cartmill says.He believes most diseases that commonly affect men could be addressed by preventive Check-ups.Cartmill says,“Regular checkups for men would surely place stress on the public purse,but prevention is cheaper in the long run than having to treat the diseases.”Besides,the ultimate cost is far greater:it is called premature death.
1.What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Men Take More Risks Than Women in Health 2.Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? In his opinion,medical examinations in advance can help solve some common male diseases. He believes most diseases that commonly affect men could be addressed by preventive check- ups.
3.Fill in the blank in the sixth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sent- ence.(Please answer within 10 words.) it could happen to me,too 4.Give three suggestions for men to keep heal- thy.(Please answer within 30 words.) (1) Never smoke. (2) Have regular medical care. (3) Do exercise every day. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. 男人定期进行医疗检查肯定会对国库造成很大的压 力，但从长远来看，疾病预防要比治疗花费少得多。
2 （ 2009· 青岛二次质检） Most American teenagers used to spend their summer vacations holding multiple jobs.How- ever,with the increase in gas prices,teenagers chose to stay at home instead of going out of the town. “I wish the prices would.The expense of driving to places is affecting our daily life,”said Alicia Still,a senior at Enochs High School in Modesto,California. Alicia,who spent her summer at her dad’s house,said that there would be no point in getting a job.
“The drive to my workplace is so long that I would hardly be making any profit because all my money would be going toward gas,”she said. Teenagers are now forced to give up the pleasure of driving around the town without purpose.“Instead of driving around looking for something to do,I now find myself planning the way in advance so I don’t waste necessary gas,” said Stephen Macko,a student at Davis High School in Modesto. What kinds of things are teenagers doing in order to conserve gas?
Alicia saves gas by doing all of her things at one time so she doesn’t have to go home and leave again. “I try to do it all in one trip so I don’t have to always be running around and wasting gas,”she said.“I know that when I go to lunch with my friends,we make sure to go somewhere near all of our houses so we save gas.”
“But it’s hard,considering I drive a big truck. I also try to get a lift from my friends when they are going places that I am going to.”said Stephen. Some try not to accelerate too much. Teenagers will have to continue changing their lifestyles unless the price of gas decreases. However,that might not be a bad thing.
1.What is the best title of this passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) High Gas Prices Change Teens’ Lifestyles 2.Fill in the blank in the second paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sent- ence.(Please answer within 7 words.) go down/decrease/as low as before 3.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 into Chinese. 青少年现在不得不放弃驾车毫无目的地围着市区转 圈的消遣方式。
4.Find a sentence in the passage to replace the following one.Some teenagers avoid speeding up when driving. Some try not to accelerate too much. 5.List one example of what some teenagers do to save gas. Stephen tries to get a lift from his friends. 3 （ 2009· 日照二次调研） Scientists claim radiation from handsets is to blame for mysterious “colony collapse”( 种群衰败 ) of bees.It seems ridiculous but some scientists
suggest that our love of the mobile phone could cause massive food shortages,as the world’s harvests fail. They are putting forward the theory that radi- ation given off by mobile phones and other hi-tech equipment is a possible answer to one of the more unusual happenings in the natural world— the abrupt disappearance of the bees that pollinate （授粉） crops.Later last week,some bee- keepers claimed that the phenomenon which started in the US,and then spread to Europe was beginning to hit Britain.
The theory is that radiation from mobile phones influences bees’ navigation system,prev- enting the famously homeloving species from finding their way back to their hives （蜂房）. Improbable as it may seem,there is now evidence to back this up. Colony Collapse Disorder （ CCD ） occurs when a hive’s inhabitants abruptly disappear, leaving only queens,eggs and a few young wor- kers.The bees that have disappeared are never found,but thought to die singly far from home. The parasites,wildlife and other bees that norm- ally raid the honey and pollen （花粉） left behind when a colony dies,refuse to go anywhere near the abandoned hives.
The alarm was first sounded last autumn,but has now hit half of all American states.And last week John Chapple,one of London’s biggest bee keepers,announced that 23 of his 40 hives have been suddenly abandoned. The possible effect of the spread is alarming. Most of the world’s crops depend on pollination by bees.Albert Einstein once said,“,man would have only four years of life left.” No one knows why it is happening.
German research has long shown that bees’ behaviour changes near power lines. Now a limited study has found that bees ref- use to return to their hives when mobile phones are placed nearby.Dr. Jochen Kuhn,who carried it out,said this could provide evidence to a poss- ible cause. Dr. George Carlo,who headed a massive study by the US government and mobile phone Industry of dangers from mobiles,said:“I am convinced the possibility is real.”
1. What is the best title for the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Are Mobile Phones Wiping out Our Bees?/ Why Have the Bees Disappeared?/Who Is to Blame for the Colony Collapse of Bees? 2. Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? Our lack of food may come from the overuse of handsets,though it is unbelievable. It seems ridiculous but some scientists sugg- est that our love of the mobile phone could cause massive food shortages,as the world’s harvestsfail.
3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 6 with proper words.(Please answer within 6 words.) If the bees disappeared 4.What other kind of radiation is mentioned in the passage besides mobile phones?(Please answer within 8 words.) The radiation from power lines. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Parag- raph 3 into Chinese. 此事尽管看似不可能，但现在已经有证据来支持 这种看法。
4 （ 2009· 烟台二次模拟） Teens are often called upon to care for their parents.Whether it is due to a short virus,broken legs or long-term illness,there are times when parents can’t do it all on their own,and a teen is the most suitable person in the home to lend a helping hand.However,you are still a young person and should be concentrating on your own education,so find support if you think it is imperative.
Understand the situation It is of great importance.If you don’t know yet, find out what the injury or illness is,who your parent’s doctors are and if there are any types of medications that will be taken(and when,and how).Then you can begin to make informed decisions about and what you will not be able to do.
Find extra help As a teen,no one would expect you to devote your life to caring for a parent and you should not feel as though you need to do so either.Talk over your situation with your parent’s doctors, your relatives,your adult friends,or even your teachers.They would be able to help you think out plans for caring for your parent in future.
Know your limits Not only is it important to understand the physical limits of how much you can do for a parent,but it is important to understand your emotional limits.As a teenager,you are not supposed to be as mature and responsible as adults,but you are meant to sort out your thoughts about many different subjects.Drawing up a list of activities that you enjoy doing and can do on your own is a great way of always having an idea on hand when you need one.
1.List three kinds of people from whom you can get help to care for your parent.(Please answer within 10 words.) （ 1 ） your parent’s doctors （ 2 ） your relatives （ 3 ） your adult friends/your teachers 2.What is the purpose of the passage?(Please answer within 15 words.) To give teens some advice on how to care for a parent. 3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(Please answer within 5 words.) what to do/what you can do/what you should do
4.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? But because you are a teen and should spend most of your time on study,you should not hesitate to find help when necessary. However,you are still a young person and should be concentrating on your own education,so find support if you think it is imperative. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Parag- raph 4 into Chinese. 作为一个少年，不能期望你像成年人那样成熟稳 重，但你应该能够理清思路，处理不同的情况。
5 （ 2009· 济南模拟） While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his house,few people know how to keep them for as long as possible.This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts. Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long.Their biological purpose is simply to attract birds or insects,such as bees,for pollination （授 粉）.After that,they quickly dry up and die.The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide,called breathing,creates
the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and colour.The making of seeds also depends on this energy.While all living things breathe,flowers have a high level of breathing.A result of all this breathing is heat,and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high.Breathing also brings about the eventual death of the flower.Thus the greater the level of breathing is,. How,then,to control the rate at which flowers die?By controlling breathing.How is breathing controlled?By controlling temperature.
We know that breathing produces heat,but the reverse is also true.Thus by maintaining low temperatures,breathing is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly. Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach （含氯漂白剂） can be used in small quantities.It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach be added to each litre of water.The water and solution should also be replaced each day.
1. What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Keeping Cut Flowers/How to Keep Cut Flowers? 2. Please find a sentence in the passage which can replace the following one. It is essential that cut flowers are relative to how good or bad the water is,where they are put. Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed.
3.In which paragraph is the following meaning mentioned?(Please answer within 10 words.) The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down by stopping breathing. In the third paragraph. 4.Fill in the blank in Para.2 with proper words. (Please answer within 10 words.) the sooner the flower dies 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 into Chinese. 在这个过程中，花儿吸收氧气释放二氧化碳 —— 即所谓的呼吸，使其获取所需能量让花儿枝繁叶 茂，绚丽多彩。
6 （ 2009· 淄博高三模拟） I really don’t need anything for Christmas.I had the best gift ever last night,watching my two sons reading their books before bedtime.They were each in different rooms,engrossed in their pages,with no TV,music or anything else in the background.I will take this small gift any time,any day,any season. Like anyone else,I had lots of other interests, but once I discovered reading I was pretty much hooked.I read everything—books,magazines,
newspapers,the backs of cereal boxes or orange juice cartons if there was nothing else on the table at the moment.I have my parents to thank in large part for the love of reading.They were always working on something. With few exceptions,today’s kids are up against far more distractions （令人分心的事） than most of us ever were,and it is so EASY for them to become disengaged in reading.There’s the PlayStation or the XBox.There’s the iPod. There’s the Internet.There’s texting.And there’s peer pressure.If the coolest kid in the class thinks reading a book is the most god-awful thing...
I’ve told my sons that information,knowledge and understanding come from reading, will help them at every stage in their lives,now and forever.However,we have to say it and model it. It’s not enough for the teachers to say it and require it,or for us to leave it to them.We have to,as well. Of course we have to use and acknowledge the power of new technologies in our lives.But we need to keep the reading going too.There’s a place and a need for everything.So it’s an amazing thing.It’s not Christmas yet and I already have my gift. （ My husband’s comment when I told him this:“Does this mean I can return all of yours?” ）
1. What’s the main idea of the first paragraph? (Please answer within 15 words.) The best Christmas gift for the writer is the children’s love of reading. 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? I developed the love of reading mainly because of my parents’ influence. I have my parents to thank in large part for the love of reading. 3. Fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper word(s) or phrase(s) to complete the sentence.(Please answer within 10 words.) all of which/and all of them/and these things/which
4. Is everybody around you engaged in reading? Why do you think some of them are not engaged in reading?(Please answer within 30 words.) No,because they usually think reading is boring,uncool and unnecessary.And there are also too many distractions for them to choose instead of becoming engaged in reading. 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. 我把此事告诉丈夫时，他的反应是： “ 这是否意味 着我可以把给你买的所有礼物都退回去啊？ ”
7 （ 2009· 临沂一次质检） Our imagination builds our future.The picture that we build in our minds will undoubtedly materialize in the physical world if it is held consistently enough over time.It is a common mistake to rely solely on the physical senses and to believe only what we see.This dependence can keep us living in a vicious cycle where we ob- serve the results around us,build a picture with these images,and then continue to receive the same results according to our picture.This is the
life that the majority of people lead.They haven’t yet realized that their results are a product of their imagination.The image can consist of material from the physical world around us or images which we build in our minds.The treasure which few realize that we possess is the ability to build an image in our minds which will predicate our goals and ambitions. Everybody hopes and dreams.We all see a rosy future at least once in a while but these visions are usually treated as whimsical fantasi- es.The majority don’t really believe in their dreams
—they are simply vague wishes.The true power behind our visualizing faculty lies in the belief back of the picture.We must know that our pict- ure will happen with certainty.This faith needs to be held in the face of the things occurring in the physical world that might not be consistent with this vision. The imagination will become extremely powe- rful.And in the process of practice,consis- tency is the key.The more we see what we want in our minds,the quicker it will come into our lives.
1. What would be the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 6 words.) Our Imagination Builds Our Future 2. Fill in the blank with proper words in the third paragraph.(Please answer within 3 words.) through/by practice 3. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Few people realize that what we imagine in our minds can help us foresee our future goals. The treasure which few realize that we possess is the ability to build an image in our minds which will predicate our goals and ambitions.
4. What would you do if the reality is not consistent with your vision?(Please answer within 30 words.) I would hold on to my dream and try my best to realize it. 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese. 当现实世界的情况跟我们的理想不一致的时候， 我们需要持有这种信念。
8 （ 2009· 烟台三次模拟） Traveling overseas to a foreign country can be an amazing experience.However,for those who are not prepared to take part in a new culture,they may be totally overwhelmed by having to go through this unfamiliar chain of events.This phenomenon is called culture shock, and often occurs when people visit a country for which they are not ready.One can avoid embarr- assment and enjoy their trip more if they have taken preparations against such “shock” in the first place.
Firstly,one must remember to prepare them- selves through education for their visit.Do not just show up in some country like Mongolia with no idea about what to expect even in the least. Instead,take some time to read,research,and look up information on the specific country you are traveling to,either through the use of a library or a bookstore,or through the Internet. Secondly,.Many times these people can answer questions you may have about the country,especially ones you may not have an- swers to from the research you have done online
or in print.First hand experience is extremely valuable and having someone you can trust to talk about their experience in a certain country is very important. Lastly,after you have done everything you can do to prepare,you are on your way to your destination,remember to be very,very flexible.It is a different country,after all.Be reasonable,and be polite.It is so important to be flexible in your travel,which really helps in breaking down any culture shock one might experience.Keep these tips in mind,and be open in your travel experi- ences.Happy traveling!
1. What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) How to Deal with Culture Shock?/Dealing with Culture Shock Overseas/The Way to Overcome Culture Shock 2. Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? It is very important to have a talk with some- one who has traveled in a certain country about their experience,which is of great value. First hand experience is extremely valuable and having someone you can trust to talk about their experience in a certain country is very important.
3. Fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words.(Please answer within 10 words.) talk with people who have visited the country 4. What advice do you think is the most important one if you want to travel overseas? (Please answer within 20 words.) It is the most important to be polite and reasonable to local people and show respect for their culture. 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. 在旅行中灵活是很重要的，而且它确实能帮助人们 克服可能会经历到的文化冲击。
（ 2009· 临沂二次质检） Germans are the gloomiest people in Europe according to a major new study of the 27 nations in the European Union. The report,released by the European Comm- ission,confirms what many Germans had them- selves long suspected—they are masters of moaning. Asked if life would be better in 20 years,just 20 percent of Germans could bring themselves 〈1〉〈1〉
to agree.In happy-go-lucky Estonia,which topped the chart,78 percent of people look at the future through rosetinted spectacles. “Estonian citizens were the most optimistic,” noted the report,which polled 25,000 people across the EU.“The Germans,on the other hand, were —only one in five expected that life in Germany would improve in the long-term.” Britons were revealed as a touch more sceptical about future prospects than the average European,49 percent of whom think life will be worse in 20 years.
The study focused on “quality of life” issues such as schooling and job prospects,age of retirement and whether people would be able to afford medical costs or even a reasonable place to live. It found that while new members of the EU, mostly from central and eastern Europe,were mostly of the view that life would get better and better,established members of the EU were almost all miserable.
Of the pre-2004 EU members only the Irish and the Swedes managed to look on the bright side of life. In fact,the length of EU membership appears strongly related to a gloomy outlook.The six founder members of the EU occupy four of the five bottom spots on the future happiness chart, according to the poll. While Germans are the most mired in despair, they are closely followed by the Belgians,the Luxembourgers and the French.
1.What’s the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Old Members of EU Are the Most Miserable Nations 2.As a Chinese,what do you think of your future? China is developing very fast,and the whole world sees its achievements.As a Chinese,I am confident of my country’s future.At the same time,I am also confident of my future. 3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words.(Please answer within 5 words.) the least optimistic
4.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? According to the survey,compared with the common countries in Europe,Britons were more doubtful about their future. Britons were revealed as a touch more scepticalabout future prospects than the average European. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 7 into Chinese. 调查发现，来自中欧和东欧的欧盟新成员国大多对 未来充满信心，而欧盟老成员国则普遍比较悲观。
2 (2009· 济宁一次模拟） Some articles are available in the network which state that the people born in the 1980s are generally referred to as the lost generation. These people were born at the initial period of China’s reform and opening up.They are living in a prosperous society of the market economy with many like drugs,robbery,living-together and so on.People have different values concerning family and marriage.There seems to be an obvious generation gap between these people and their parents.Therefore some of them feel puzzled and have trouble adapting to the rapid changes in society.
In addition,these people are faced with greater pressure than ever before.They find,to their disappointment,it is hard to find a job,let alone an ideal one.Some college students have even had to face unemployment when they graduate.They have come to know that there are so many difficulties to overcome.Some of them are not competitive and feel frustrated.Some people,especially those in the undeveloped areas,even think that knowledge is useless. In my opinion,the phenomena such as gener- ation gap and unemployment do exist in the
present society.However,the generation born in the 1980s can never be called the lost generation. First of all,these people are trying their best to get knowledge so as to follow the rapid deve- lopment of science and technology.Furthermore, most of them never feel discouraged or lose heart in face of difficulties.Instead,they are fully aware of challenges and opportunities,as well as their social responsibilities.The generation of the 1980s are bound to succeed and achieve much if they do not feel lost.
1.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 into Chinese. 网上有一些文章称中国 80 年代出生的人为迷茫的 一代。 2.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 1 with proper words.(Please answer within 6 words.) social problems
3.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? On the contrary,they understand well their difficult tasks and chances that they face and they also have a sense of duty. Instead,they are fully aware of challenges and opportunities,as well as their social responsibilities. 4.What is the title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) “Lost Generation” in China 5.What do you think of the people born in the 1980s? Various answers.
3 （ 2009· 青岛三次模拟） On a clear night,you can look at the sky and see the moon and stars.You might even see the blinking light of a working satellite as it flies past,on its way around the earth. Even though you cannot see it,you are also looking at the largest junkyard in the solar system. Higher than the highest clouds but much closer than the moon,the junkyard stretches from the earth’s surface to 20,000 miles overhead.There are tens of millions of pieces of rubbish there.
Some of the pieces are rocks and dust from passing comets,but most of them are man-made and are called “orbital debris”.There are some unusual things up there,like a camera that floated away from astronaut Sunita “Suni” Williams in December 2006.Other astronauts have lost tools like wrenches and screwdrivers. In 1965,astronaut Ed White even lost a spare glove.Most of the junk,however,comes from large satellites and rockets that fell apart after they stopped working. Together,all the space junk would weigh about
11 million pounds on earth,or more than 3,000 Cars. is part of a rocket about the size of a minivan （小型货车）.The smallest piece would fit on your pinkie fingernail with room to spare.About 17,000 pieces of garbage are larger thanin-ch es,which are slightly smaller than a softball. “It’s like a classic environmental problem,like water pollution or air pollution.If countries work together to control the amount of trash we send
into space,we can keep the problem under control,”says Nicholas Johnson.Johnson is the chief scientist for Orbital Debris at the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston.His job is to keep trackof the orbiting garbage.
1. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? Even if it is invisible to you,what you are watching is the biggest junkyard in the solar system. Even though you cannot see it,you are also looking at the largest junkyard in the solar system. 2. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us? (Please answer within 10 words.) It tells us where the orbital debris comes from.
3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words.(Please answer within 5 words.) The largest piece 4.What do you think of the “orbital debris” in the solar system?(Please answer within 20 words.) Various answers. 5.Translate the underlined sentences in Paragraph 6 into Chinese. “ 这和典型的环境问题，像水污染和空气污染是一 样的。如果各国协作，控制送入太空的垃圾的数 量，我们就能控制住这个难题。 ”
4 （ 2009· 潍坊一次质检） We believe that there is more to education than preparation for a job.Children must be prepared for all aspects of their adult life:work, leisure,personal relationships,creative activities, dealing with money matters,independence,etc. Nevertheless it would be unrealistic to pro- vide education which didn’t consider(took no account of) the need of employers. What type of training does the business world regard as important?
Many young people were,in the emplo- yers’ opinions,very weak in the basic skills of handwriting,grammar and spelling.Though additional education at university level improved the students’ general ability,a report states,“In basic skills the standards remained stubbornly （顽固地） low.” It is debatable （有争议的） whether standards have decreased in recent years.What is certain is that employers do not believe the standards are now high enough.Do technological changes make greater demands upon the students’ ability?
We should also remember that the job expec- tations of young people have increased.The girls who would have once become shop assistants or hairdressers now want to be secretaries.Boys who sought an apprentice （学徒） 20 years ago now desire an engineering degree.But it is still the same girls and boys with the same degree of ability.No wonder there are problems in reaching the “necessary standards” of the business world.
Many employers believe that it is important for teachers to have experience outside the world of college and school.They should work for a while at some other kinds of jobs “to see how the world of business and commerce differs from their own”.The teaching professor and society in general need greater understanding of manpower need and therefore of “desired” direction of the education system.
1. What’s the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Meeting the Employment Requirements in Education 2. Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? So it is actual and inevitable to combine the education with the demands of the society. Nevertheless it would be unrealistic to provide education which didn’t consider the need of employers.
3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) applying for jobs/who are applying for jobs 4.What’s the writer’s opinion about education? (Please answer within 30 words.) In the writer’s opinion,education should refer to all aspects of being an adult,including employment. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. 他们应该在别的行业工作一下，以明白自己的工作 与商业领域的异同。
5 (2009· 潍坊三次质检） Our world is full of signs and symbols.Most of the time we don’t really need to think about them and that is the mark of a good symbol.Good examples of these “invisible” symbols are the ones used for “Play”,“Fast Forward”,“Rewind”, etc.We find them on everything from old tape players to DVD players,remote controls and computer keyboards.They are so familiar to us that we don’t need to really pay attention to them any more.We certainly never think about who first thought of them or when.
A more recent but increasingly familiar kind of symbol is the “emoticon”,sometimes called a “smiley”.Now you might not be familiar with the names but you will certainly have used them many times.This is an emoticon meaning happy ：∶ - ).This one means sad ：∶ - (.“Emo- ticon”is a ： “emotion”and “icon”.Icon originally meant a religious picture but has now more commonly come to mean a symbol used on the computer. Emoticons are used to show the feelings that are often difficult to show when writing an email or sending a text message.
Modern emoticons are thought to have been invented by a computer scientist called Scott Fahlman in 1982.When he was joking,people often thought he was serious.He got so tired of this that he suggested marking all jokes like this ∶ - ).The idea rapidly took off and,as the Internet became more popular,so did emoticons.From the original two or three,there are now hundreds of them collected in “dictionaries” or on websites.And,although most emoticons still try to show an expression on the human face,some others show an action.
1. Explain why the word “invisible” in the first paragraph is used in quotation mark.(Please answer within 15 words.) We know them (these symbols) so well that no special attention is paid to them. 2. What’s the title of this passage?(Please answer within 8 words.) Symbols and Emoticons 3. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(Please answer within 6 words.) combination of two words
4.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? When finding it hard to express their feelings in emails or text messages,people use emoticons. Emoticons are used to show the feelings that are often difficult to show when writing an email or sending a text message. 5.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 into Chinese. 这个主意很快风行起来，并且随着因特网的更加 普及，表情符号也流行起来。
6 （ 2009· 菏泽三次模拟） Stress can affect anyone at any time.In general,stress happens when we feel we are unable to cope with the demands of life placed on us,such as work or family.Stress can disrupt our sleep,work,relationships and health.To combat stress,we often resort to unhealthy “quick fixes” like alcohol,cigarettes,sweet or fatty foods.We feel that we don’t have the time to chat with friends,take a walk or step back and see the problems from another point of view.In other words,stress can be bad for our health.
We can’t always change the situation that is causing our stress but we can take steps to try to manage it effectively.Being regularly active will help to reduce the ill effects of stress.Any activity that you enjoy and that fits easily into your routine will help reduce tension and improve concentration and well-being.If you are pressurized at work by time or deadlines,short and frequent breaks of activity throughout your day will really help.Always take your lunch break. To avoid the ill effects of stress: Take time out to relax completely,such as listen to the music,read,watch an amusing TV
program or take a warm bath. Use relaxation techniques,both mental and physical. Eat a balanced diet following the Food Pyramid. Cut down on alcohol and smoking. Replace drinks containing caffeine such as tea,coffee or cola with water. Get enough sleep and rest to recharge your batteries. Agree with somebody.Life doesn’t have to be a constant battleground. Plan ahead and learn to say “no”. what you cannot change.
1. What ill effects does stress have based on the text?(Please answer within 10 words.) It disrupts our sleep,work,relationships and health. 2. What’s the main idea of this passage?(Please answer within 8 words.) Be active and manage your stress. 3. Fill in the blank in the last sentence with proper words.(Please answer within 4 words.) Learn to accept/Accept
4. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? There needn’t often be quarrels and fights in life. Life doesn’t have to be a constant battleground. 5. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese. 任何你喜欢的且易于适合你日常工作的活动都会 有助于减少压力，提高注意力并有益于健康。
7 （ 2009· 威海二次质检） For years,prices have risen in China for many reasons.However,inflation （通货膨胀） has not badly affected people’s lives because living standards have improved. Inflation is not an unbeatable beast.In fact, economists from all over the world have found ways to prevent or lessen it.There are now several methods of controlling inflation. Reducing the amount of money being issued Many experts believe inflation happens because too much money is printed.The more money the central bank issues,.Therefore,the
most important thing for the government is to control the amount of money being issued. Cutting down on government spending Over-spending and over-expanding of govern- ment can make inflation worse.Therefore,it is helpful to reduce the size of big government bodies,cut down on their spending,pay fewer,and reduce subsidies （津贴） to prevent inflation from speeding up. Slowing down the increase of salaries It seems that giving bigger salaries to workers helps them manage when prices of their shopp- ing are going up.In fact,as salaries increase,the
central bank will have to issue more money to pay for the increase.Thus,increasing salaries may not be so good as it sounds.It’s like cheating.Salaries should only be increased if workers produce more. Increasing bank interest rates The increase of interest rates can make more people put more money into banks.At the same time,enterprises take out fewer loans.As a result, demand for money on the whole is lower. Keeping prices under strict control Prices can be lowered by setting the highest prices and freezing prices for most goods.
1. What is the best title of the passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) How to Control Inflation? 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? It is believed that printing a great deal of money results in inflation. Many experts believe inflation happens because too much money is printed.
3. Fill in the blank in the passage with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) the easier the inflation will be caused 4. Which of the suggestions do you think is the most important?Why?(Please answer within 30 words.) The first one.Because...(Answers can be various.) 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. 因此，压缩政府编制、削减政府开支以及降低工资 和减少津贴等有助于防止通货膨胀的加速。
8 （ 2009· 威海三次质检） “Been there,done that” has become synony- mous with boredom or lack of challenge for some people.For others it is a mini-retirement- statement.We think it can represent a great place to look for new opportunities. Maybe you or someone you know has made money in one area then gone on to try something in a new area and ended up with lousy results.A bit like Michael Jordan once having left the NBA to play baseball.
Google keeps trying to find other ways to make money besides its simple service of providing text ads that are responsive to search terms input by users.In 2007,contextual ads still generated 99% of the company’s $16.5 billion revenue.Google keeps trying a bunch of other things but most don’t work and those that do don’t become big cash generators.But they keep trying,or at least buying,new things. Most successful business people take an idea that is good in one industry and do it again—often in that same industry.The best ones do it again and again.They don’t automatically abandon a
successful business and head off in other directions.They might try new things like Google does,but they don’t abandon the stuff that is already working. The core （核心） message here is the value of reflection to find those things in your past that have worked for you..But there is a disconnection.Why aren’t we automatically doing this?Why isn’t it as obvious as it seems? Why do we often move away from things that are working?At least part of the answer lies in finding new excitement in the “been there,done that”.
1. What’s the best title of this passage?(Please answer within 10 words.) Finding Diamonds in Your Past 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? The people who are used to the nine-to-five system just want to get along and be told what to do as a result of lack of drive. “Been there,done that” has become synonymous with boredom or lack of challenge for some people.
3. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words. （ Please answer within 10 words. ） Do them again 4. Which do you agree with,what Google does or the “been there,done that”?Why?(Please answer within 30 words.) (One possible version)I agree with what Google does.Because it doesn’t abandon its successful business and still keeps on trying other ways to make money. 5. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 into Chinese. 许多成功的企业家都采取在企业中运用较好的方 法，并在同一个企业中一再使用这个方法。 返回