Presentation on theme: "Savings Goals and Institutions. Saving options, features and plans."— Presentation transcript:
1Savings Goals and Institutions. Saving options, features and plans. Chapter 10 Saving for the futureSavings Goals and Institutions.Saving options, features and plans.
2Lesson 10.1 Savings Goals and Institutions Describe different purposes of saving.Explain how money grows through compounding interest.List and describe the financial institutions where you can save.
3Why You Should Save Short-term needs Long-term needs Home ownershipEducationRetirementInvestingFinancial security
4Where You Can Save Commercial banks Savings banks Savings and loan associationsCredit unionsBrokerage firms
5Saving Options Regular savings account High liquidity Lower interest Free to make withdrawals and depositsService fees may applyCan use ATM/Debit cards
6Saving Options Certificate of Deposit (CD) Earns a fixed interest rate for a specified length of timeRequires a minimum depositHigher interest rate then regular savingsMust leave money in for the entire timeHas a set maturity date-the date the investment becomes due for payment
7Saving Options Money market account Combination savings-investment planInterest rates go up and down with the stock marketMoney is used to purchase safe, liquid securitiesOffered by banks and brokerage firmsMoney can be deposited/withdrawn at any time with no feeUsually not insured
8Selecting a Savings Plan Factors to considerLiquiditySafetyConvenienceInterest-Earning potential (Yield)Fees and Restrictions
9Saving Regularly Ways to Save Must spend less money than you take in Direct DepositAutomatic Payroll Deductions
10Types of InterestInterest is based on interest rate and principal (balance)Simple interest is calculated on principal onlyCompound interest is money earned on the money deposited plus previous interest
12Example 1 Simple interest Grace wants to deposit $5000 in a certificate of deposit for a period of two years. She is comparing interest rates quoted by three local banks and one online bank. Write the interest rates in ascending order. Which bank pays the highest interest for this two-year CD?
13Example 1 continued First State Bank: E-Save Bank: Johnson City Trust: 4.22%Land Savings Bank: 4.3%
14Simple Interest example 2 Raoul’s Savings account must have at least $500, or he is charged a $4 fee. His balance was $716.23, when he withdrew $225. Will he be charged a fee?
15Simple Interest Example 3 Mitchell deposits $1200 in an account that pays 4.5% simple interest. He keeps the money in the account for three years. How much is in the account after three years?
16Simple Interest Example 4 How much simple interest does $200 earn in 7 months at an interest rate of 5%
17Simple Interest Example 5 How much principal must be deposited to earn $1000 simple interest in 2 years at a rate of 5%?
18Simple Interest Example 6 Derek has a bank account that pays 4.1% simple interest. The balance is $910. When will the account grow to $1000?
19Simple Interest Example 7 Kerry invests $5000 in a simple interest account for 5 years. What interest rate must the account pay so there is $6000 at the end of 5 years?
20Compound Interest Terms Annual compounding-once each yearSemiannual Compounding-twice a yearQuarterly compounding-4 times a yearDaily compounding-365 times a year (366 in a leap year)
21Example 1How much interest would $1000 earn in one year at a rate of 6%, compounded annually? What would be the new balance?
22Example 2Maria deposits $1000 in a savings account that pays 6% interest, compounded semiannually. What is her balance after one year?
23Example 3How much interest does $1000 earn in three months at an interest rate of 6%, compounded quarterly? What is the balance after three months?
24Example 4How much interest does $1000 earn in one day at an interest rate of 6%, compounded daily? What is the balance after one day?
25Compound Interest Formula B=ending balancep=principalr=interest rateN=number of times interest is compounded annuallyT=number of years
26Example 1Marie deposits $1650 for three years at 3% interest, compounded daily. What is her ending balance?
27Example 2Kate deposits $2350 in an account that earns interest at a rate of 3.1%, compounded monthly. What is her ending balance after five years?
28APY/APR APR-annual percentage rate APY-annual percentage yield Banks usually advertiseHigher than APR for accounts compounded more than once per year
29Annual percentage yield formula r= interest rateN=number of times per year
30Example 1Sharon deposits $8000 in a one year CD at 3.2% interest, compounded daily. What is Sharon’s annual percentage yield (APY) to the nearest hundredth of a percent?
31Example 2Barbara deposits $3000 in a one year CD at 4.1% interest, compounded daily. What is the APY to the nearest hundredth of a percent?
32Continuous Interest B=ending balance P=principal E=exponential base (on Calc)r=interest ratet=number of years
33Example 1Craig deposits $5000 at 5.12% interest, compounded continuously for four years. What would his ending balance be to the nearest cent?
34Example 2If you deposit $1000 at 4.3% interest, compounded continuously, what would your ending balance be to the nearest cent after five years?
35Future value of a periodic deposit investment Periodic investments are the same deposits made at regular intervals such as yearly, monthly, biweekly, etc.
37Example 1Rich and Laura are both 45 years old. They want to retire at age 65. They deposit $5000 each year into an account that pays 4.5% interest, compounded annually. What is the account balance when they retire?
38Example 1 con’tHow much interest will Rich and Laura earn over the 20-year period?
39Example 2Linda and Rob open an online savings account that has a 3.6% annual interest rate, compounded monthly. If they deposit $1200 every month, how much will be in the account after 10 years?
41Example 1A mom knows that in 6 years, her daughter will attend College. She will need about$20,000 for the first year’s tuition. How much should the mom deposit into an account that yields 5% interest, compounded annually?
42Example 2Ritika just grauated from college. She wants $100,000 in her savings account after 10 years. How much must she deposit in that account now at a 3.8% interest rate, compounded daily, in order to meet that goal?
44Example 1Nick wants to install central air conditioning in his home in 3 years. He estimates the total cost to be $ How much must he deposit monthly into an account that pays 4% interest, compounded monthly, in order to have enough money?