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Chapter © 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Saving for the Future Growing Money: Why, Where, and How Savings Options, Features, and Plans 10
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 2 Chapter 10 Lesson 10.1 Growing Money: Why, Where, and How GOALS Describe different purposes of saving. Explain how money grows through compounding. List and describe the financial institutions where you can save.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 3 Chapter 10 Why You Should Save The best reason to save money is to provide for future needs, both expected and unexpected. Saving regularly will help you meet your short-term and long-term needs.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 4 Chapter 10 Short-term Needs Short-term needs are expenses beyond your regular monthly items. Usually you will have to pay for these things out of savings. Examples of short-term needs include the following: Emergencies Vacations Social events Repairs Major purchases
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 5 Chapter 10 Long-term Needs Long-term needs are expenses that are costly and require years of planning and saving. Examples: Home ownership Education Retirement Investing
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 6 Chapter 10 Financial Security Peace of mind comes from knowing that when needs arise, you will have adequate money to pay for them. The amount of money you save depends on: The amount of your discretionary or disposable income The importance you attach to savings Your anticipated needs and wants Your willpower
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 7 Chapter 10 How Money Grows The amount of money you deposit into a savings account is called the principal. For the use of your money, the financial institution pays you money called interest. Interest represents earnings on principal. As principal and interest grow, more interest accumulates. This is known as compound interest, or interest paid on the original principal plus accumulated interest.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 8 Chapter 10 Annual Percentage Yield (APY) Annual percentage yield (APY) is the actual interest rate an account pays, stated on a yearly basis with the compounding included. Because all financial institutions must calculate APY the same way, you can use APY to easily compare the yields on different accounts.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 9 Chapter 10 Year Beginning Balance Interest Earned (6%) Ending Balance 1$100.00$6.00$ $6.36$ $6.74$ Compounding Interest Annually The Year 1 ending balance is the Year 2 beginning balance. The Year 2 ending balance is the Year 3 beginning balance. The 6% interest rate stays the same, but the interest earned increases each year.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 10 Chapter 10 Where to Save Commercial banks Savings banks Savings and loan associations Credit unions Brokerage firms Online accounts
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 11 Chapter 10 Lesson 10.2 Savings Options, Features, and Plans GOALS Explain the features and purposes of different savings options. Discuss factors that influence selection of a savings plan. Describe ways to save regularly.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 12 Chapter 10 Savings Options Once you have decided to establish a savings program, you need to know about the different savings options available to you. You may want to deposit money in several types of accounts, because each can contribute to your overall plan in different ways.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 13 Chapter 10 Regular Savings Account A regular savings account has a major advantage—high liquidity. Liquidity is a measure of how quickly you can get your cash without loss of value. A regular savings account is said to be very liquid because you can withdraw your money at any time without penalty. The tradeoff for high liquidity, however, is a lower interest rate.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 14 Chapter 10 Certificate of Deposit A certificate of deposit (CD), or time deposit, is a deposit that earns a fixed interest rate for a specified length of time. A CD requires a minimum deposit. You must leave the money in the CD for the full time period. If you take out any part of your money early, you will pay an early withdrawal penalty. A CD has a set maturity date, which is the date on which an investment becomes due for payment.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 15 Chapter 10 Money Market Account A money market account is a type of savings account that offers a more competitive interest rate than a regular savings account. There are two different kinds of money market accounts: Money market deposit account Money market fund On average, money market funds will pay a higher interest rate than money market deposit accounts.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 16 Chapter 10 Selecting a Savings Plan Liquidity Safety Convenience Interest-earning potential (yield) Fees and restrictions
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 17 Chapter 10 Liquidity Liquidity is how quickly you can turn savings into cash when you want it. The need for liquidity will vary, based on your age, health, family situation, and overall wealth.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 18 Chapter 10 Safety Safety of principal means that you are guaranteed not to lose your savings deposit, even if the bank or other financial institution fails and goes out of business. Most financial institutions are insured by a government agency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) or National Credit Union Association (NCUA). Deposits in banks, no matter what type, are almost always safer than investments in the stock market.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 19 Chapter 10 Convenience Locations Services offered
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 20 Chapter 10 Interest-Earning Potential (Yield) You want to earn as much interest as you can on your deposit, while maintaining the degree of liquidity, safety, and convenience you want. Shop around for the best APY in your area for the type of account you want.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 21 Chapter 10 Fees and Restrictions Different accounts and institutions have different rules. Before you open an account, be sure to understand the withdrawal restrictions, minimum balances, service charges, fees, and any other requirements.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 22 Chapter 10 Saving Regularly Saving regularly will help you meet all of your financial goals. It is important not just to save but to save regularly. Over time, and with compounding interest, your savings can grow into a substantial sum. There are ways to make regular saving easier, including direct deposits and payroll deductions.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 23 Chapter 10 Direct Deposit With direct deposit, your net pay is deposited electronically into your bank account. You receive a nonnegotiable copy of your check and stub, notifying you of the amount deposited directly into your account You can have your automatic deposit split between accounts, with some going into savings and some going into checking to cover your bills.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 24 Chapter 10 Automatic Deductions Automatic deductions represent money you have authorized your bank or other organization to move from one account to another at regular intervals. With a payroll savings plan, you authorize your employer to make automatic deductions from your paycheck each pay period.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 25 Chapter 10 Collecting Coins and Cash Some people find it convenient to set aside their spare change and money left over each day or week. Setting aside small amounts of change each day will lead to large sums over time. It’s surprising how pennies can add up to make dollars!
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 26 Chapter 10 $ = $ $ × 0.05 = $10.25 $ $ = $ Compounding with Additional Deposits Year Beginning BalanceDeposit Interest Earned (5%) Ending Balance 1$0.00$100.00$5.00$ $100.00$10.25$ $100.00$15.76$ $100.00$21.55$452.56
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