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Perfectionism in Gifted Students. We In Doubt Call.

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Presentation on theme: "Perfectionism in Gifted Students. We In Doubt Call."— Presentation transcript:

1 Perfectionism in Gifted Students

2 We In Doubt Call

3 Perfectionism Defined Personality characteristics involves o Tendency to place excessive emphasis on organization o Setting of and striving for high personal standards o Critical self-evaluation if these standards are not reached o High concern over mistakes o Doubts quality of personal achievement

4 Definition Continued Perfectionism, in psychology, is a personality disposition characterized by an individual striving for flawlessness and setting excessively high performance standards, accompanied by overly critical self- evaluations and concerns regarding others' evaluations. It is best conceptualized as a multidimensional characteristic, as psychologists agree that there are many positive and negative aspects.psychologypersonality Wikipedia

5 Types of Perfectionism 1. Adaptive Perfectionism 2. Maladaptive Perfectionism

6 Types of Perfectionism Adaptive Perfectionism o Adherence to high self-standards, order, and organization o Freedom to be less precise o Experience positive feelings when task is completed

7 Adaptive Behaviors Carefully attending to task and school work Keeping their rooms and workspace neat Engaging in limited acting out behaviors that require few discipline referrals

8 Types of Perfectionism Maladaptive Perfectionism o High standards that never seem achievable o Excessive self-criticism o Completed projects are not enjoyed o Considerable anxiety about imperfections

9 Types of Perfectionism All or Nothing Thinking Transforming Desires into Demands Focusing on unmet goals and challenges rather than success

10 Identifying Maladaptive Behaviors Overly serious about their school work or task Frustrated when things do not go as they would like Hesitant to engage in activities that may result in a “mess” of some sort Extremely self critical behaviors Anxiety or depression

11 Other Signs of Perfectionism How does your child respond to competition? How does your child respond to compliments? How are you modeling?

12 Frustration as Parents

13 Activities Engaging children with play materials they would usually reject o Toys and Art Material Play doh Clay Finger Paints Games like Fibber

14 Activities Students can learn many lessons from studying famous people Involve your students in the community

15 A Little Love and Logic Goes a Long Way Lock in Empathy Return Responsibility Turn your words into Gold Feeling followed by huh?

16 Turn Your Words Into Gold What are you going to do about it…. I love you too much to argue…. That is something you can decide… What would work best for you ____ or ______ You can _______ or _____________ Do you want to know what other kids say works___ You worked really hard on that… How did you do that…. I noticed…….

17 Thoughts Kids that are gifted are often praised not for who they are as people but for what they can do that astounds others around them Consider what you are praising, their attempt or results Before looking at grades ask your child, what are you most proud of Ask, “What did you learn?” not “What did you earn?” Model Imperfection without apologizing Sometimes it Is easier not to try than to say I failed

18 References Ashby, J. S., Kottman, T., & Martin, J. L. (2004). Play therapy with young perfectionists. International Journal of Play Therapy, 13(1), Ashby, J. S., Kottman, T., & Stoltz, K. B. (2006). Multidimensional perfectionism and personality profiles. The Journal of Invidiaual Psychology, 62(3), Bardone-Cone, A. M., Sturm, K., Llawson, M. A., Robinson, D. R., & Smith, R. (2010). Perfectionism across stages of recovery from eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 43(2), Cox, B. J., Clara, I. P., Enns, M. W. (2009). Self-criticism, maladaptive perfectionism, and depression symptoms in a community sample: A longitudinal test of the mediating effects of person-dependent stressful life events. Journal of Cognitive Psyhotherapy: An International Quarterly. 23(4), Hazan, C. & Shaver, P. (1987) Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), Kottman, T. (2001). Adlerian play therapy. International Journal of Play Therapy, 10(2), 1-12 Purdon, C., Antony, M. M., & Swinson, R. P. (1999). Psychometric properties of the Frost MultidimensionalPerfectionism Scale in a clinical anxiety disorders sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 1271–1286

19 References Rice, K. G., Ashby, S. J., & Preusser, K. J. (1996). Perfectionism, relationship with parents, and self-esteem. Individual Psychology, 52(3), Rice, K. G., Lopez, F. G., & Vergana, D. (2006). Parental/social influences on perfectionism and adult attachment orientations. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24(4), Rice, K. G., & Mirzadeh, S. A. (2000). Perfectionism, attachment, and adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(2), Ulu, I. P., & Tezer, E. (2010). Adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism, adult attachment, and big five personality traits. The Journal of Psychology, 144(4), Wei, M., Heppner, P. P., Russell, D. W., & Young, S. K. (2006). Maladaptive perfectionism and ineffective coping as mediators between attachment and future depression: A prospective analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57 (1), Sinem Akay, M.S.Ed. University of North Texas


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