4 1. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters & setting are introduced.We are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).
5 2. Rising ActionThis part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s) with complications.Complications are events that test the characters.A building of interest or suspense occurs.Suspense is the growing feeling of excitement/anxiety in a story – makes you want to keep reading!
6 3. ClimaxThis is the turning point of the story – most exciting part of the story.Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict.The main character will change in some way.
7 4. Falling Action All loose ends of the plot are tied up. All of the events that occur after the climax.
8 5. Resolution The story comes to a reasonable ending. Conflict is resolved.Also called the denouement.
9 Putting It All Together 1. Exposition2. Rising Action3. Climax4. Falling Action5. ResolutionBeginning of StoryMiddle of StoryEnd of Story
10 Remember: The PLOT of a story moves like a roller coaster Rising Action/Excitement buildsClimax of the story is at the most exciting pointFalling Action
11 Think about the story diagram as you read short stories. What is the sequence (order) of events in the plot?What does the exposition tell the reader at the start of the story?What are the complications faced by characters during the rising action?What happens during the falling action of the story?What is the resolution at the end of the story?
12 Story Elements: Flip Book You will need:3 sheets of computer paper –A staplerPencil/PenYour brainLet’s get started….follow me as I show you how to fold and staple your paper!
13 Story Elements: Flip Book 1. First Flap: your name Title: Story Elements
14 Label each of the Story Elements Flaps like this….
16 Flap 2: Plot DiagramPlot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story.3Climax42Falling ActionRising Action51ExpositionResolutionTitle - Author
17 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 3: Short Story Terms
18 Flap 3: Short story terms: 1. Exposition/introduction – beginning part of story, sets up story, explainsSetting – when/where story takes placeCharacter – people, animals, creatures, and sometimes things in a story
19 Flap 3: Short story terms: 2. Rising action – part of the story where complications are added – to test characterSuspense – a feeling of excitement/anxiety in a storyComplications – events that test characters in a story
20 Flap 3: Short story terms: 3. Climax – the most exciting part of the story4. Falling action – events that occur after the climax5. Resolution/dénouement - final part of a story where conflict is resolved
22 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point Of View/Theme
23 Tone – author’s attitude towards subject Flap 4: Point of View/Theme:Tone – author’s attitude towards subjectMood – how the author makes the reader feelNarrator – one telling the storyPoint of view – perspective from which a story is toldFirst person – narrator tells story (part of story); uses pronouns - I, me, we
24 Flap 4: Point of View/Theme Third Person (limited)-narrator is on outside of story – uses they, he, she, it, etc..; observing Third Person (omniscient) – narrator sees all – even into characters’ minds – all knowing/God like
26 Flap 4: Point of View/Theme Foreshadowing – technique of hinting about what will eventually happen in storyFlashback – a interruption in the order of events in a story; usually for info; memories – not eventsTheme –the message of a story; usually a life lesson
27 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters/ Conflict
28 Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: Protagonist – the main character (hero) Antagonist – one who opposes the main character (anti-hero) Characterization – technique used by an author to create characters for the reader Static character – a character that stays the same during a story
29 Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: Dynamic character – a character that changes during a storyFlat character – a character that is one sided; usually a stereotypeRound character – a well-developed character with many faults and virtues
30 Motive: a character’s reason for doing/wanting something (usually causes the problem) Conflict: when a character struggles with an opposing force (a problem) Internal conflict – when a character struggles with forces inside himself/herself External Conflict - when a character struggles with an outside force (another person, society, weather, natural events, etc…)
31 Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: Types of conflict –Man vs. Man (External)Man vs. Society (External)Man vs. Nature (External)Man vs. Self (Internal)
32 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/Symbols
33 Flap 6: Genres/Symbols: Genre – term used to identify different types of literature Biography – a story written about a person’s life Autobiography – a story about a person’s life which is written by that person Fantasy – a type of fiction that is highly imaginative and could not happen
34 Flap 6: Genres/SymbolsScience fiction – fiction that takes place in the future or in another galaxy/universeHistorical fiction - fiction that takes place in a factual historic setting; realistic for timeRealistic fiction – fiction that takes place in a realistic setting and could actually happen in the modern world
35 Flap 6: Genres/SymbolsMystery – a type of fiction in which a puzzling event must be solvedSymbol – a thing that represents something other than itself – usually an ideaExamples:lovepeace
36 Now, you should have the back of the flip book left to write your story choices elements…