31. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters & setting are introduced.We are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).
42. Rising ActionThis part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s) with complications.Complications are events that test the characters.A building of interest or suspense occurs.Suspense is the growing feeling of excitement/anxiety in a story – makes you want to keep reading!
53. ClimaxThis is the turning point of the story – most exciting part of the story.Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict.The main character will change in some way.
64. Falling Action All loose ends of the plot are tied up. All of the events that occur after the climax.
75. Resolution The story comes to a reasonable ending. Conflict is resolved.Also called the denouement.
8Putting It All Together 1. Exposition2. Rising Action3. Climax4. Falling Action5. ResolutionBeginning of StoryMiddle of StoryEnd of Story
9Remember: The PLOT of a story moves like a roller coaster Rising Action/Excitement buildsClimax of the story is at the most exciting pointFalling Action
10Think about the story diagram as you read short stories. What is the sequence (order) of events in the plot?What does the exposition tell the reader at the start of the story?What are the complications faced by characters during the rising action?What happens during the falling action of the story?What is the resolution at the end of the story?
11Story Elements: Flip Book You will need:5 sheets of colored paper – each one a different colorA staplerPencil/PenYour brainLet’s get started….follow me as I show you how to fold and staple your paper!
12Story Elements: Flip Book 1. First Flap:your nameTitle:Story Elements6th Grade ELA
13Label each of the Story Elements Flaps like this….
16Plot (definition)Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story.
17Story Elements: Flip Book Make sure you write SMALL – there’s a lot to fit on each flap! Flap 3: Short story terms:1. Exposition/introduction – beginning part of story, sets up story, explainsSetting – when/where story takes placeCharacters – people, animals, creatures, and sometimes things in a story
18Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 3: Short story terms:Conflict – a characters struggle with opposing forces in a story2. Rising action – part of the story where complications are added – to test characterSuspense – a feeling of excitement/anxiety in a storyComplications – events that test characters in a story
19Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 3: Short story terms:3. Climax – the most exciting part of the story4. Falling action – events that occur after the climax5. Resolution/dénouement - final part of a story where conflict is resolved
21Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/Theme:Tone – author’s attitude towards subjectMood – how the author makes the reader feelNarrator – one telling the storyPoint of view – perspective from which a story is toldFirst person – narrator tells story (part of story); uses pronouns - I, me,we
22Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/ThemeThird Person (limited)-narrator is on outside of story – uses they, he, she, it, etc..; observingThird Person (omniscient) – narrator sees all – even into characters’ minds – all knowing/God like
24Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/ThemeForeshadowing – technique of hinting about what will eventually happen in storyFlashback – a interruption in the order of events in a story; usually for info; memories – not eventsTheme –the message of a story; usually a life lesson
25Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:Protagonist – the main character (hero)Antagonist – one who opposes the main character (anti-hero)Characterization – technique used by an author to create characters for the readerStatic character – a character that stays the same during a story
26Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:Flat character – a character that is one sided; usually a stereotypeDynamic character – a character that changes during a storyRound character – a well-developed character with many faults and virtuesInternal conflict – when a character struggles with forces inside himself/herself
27Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict:External Conflict - when a character struggles with an outside force (another person, society, weather, natural events, etc…)Types of conflict –Man vs. Man (Man vs. Society) (External)Man vs. Nature (External)Man vs. Self (Internal)
28Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/Symbols:Genre – term used to identify different types of literatureBiography – a story written about a person’s lifeAutobiography – a story about a person’s life which is written by that personFantasy – a type of fiction that is highly imaginative and could not happen
29Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/SymbolsScience fiction – fiction that takes place in the future or in another galaxy/universeHistorical fiction - fiction that takes place in a factual historic setting; realistic for timeRealistic fiction – fiction that takes place in a realistic setting and could actually happen in the modern world
30Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/SymbolsSymbol – a person, place, thing that represents something other than itself – usually an ideaExamples:lovepeace
31Story Elements: Flip Book Now, you should have 4 flaps left – save them for laterLabel them Story 1, Story 2, Story 3, & Story 4Your flip book will come in handy during your next quiz!