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Identifying the Elements of A Plot Diagram Student Notes.

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1 Identifying the Elements of A Plot Diagram Student Notes

2 Plot Diagram

3 1. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters & setting are introduced. We are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).

4 2. Rising Action This part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s) with complications. Complications are events that test the characters. A building of interest or suspense occurs. Suspense is the growing feeling of excitement/anxiety in a story – makes you want to keep reading!

5 3. Climax This is the turning point of the story – most exciting part of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. The main character will change in some way.

6 4. Falling Action All loose ends of the plot are tied up. All of the events that occur after the climax.

7 5. Resolution The story comes to a reasonable ending. Conflict is resolved. Also called the denouement.

8 Putting It All Together 1. Exposition 2. Rising Action 3. Climax 4. Falling Action 5. Resolution Beginning of Story Middle of Story End of Story

9 Remember: The PLOT of a story moves like a roller coaster Climax of the story is at the most exciting point Rising Action/Excitement builds Falling Action

10 As you read: What is the sequence (order) of events in the plot? What does the exposition tell the reader at the start of the story? What are the complications faced by characters during the rising action? What happens during the falling action of the story? What is the resolution at the end of the story? Think about the story diagram as you read short stories.

11 Story Elements: Flip Book You will need: 5 sheets of colored paper – each one a different color A stapler Pencil/Pen Your brain Let’s get started….follow me as I show you how to fold and staple your paper!

12 Story Elements: Flip Book 1. First Flap: your name Title: Story Elements 6 th Grade ELA

13 Label each of the Story Elements Flaps like this….

14 This is what your 2 nd Flap should look like:

15 Story Elements: Flip Book 2.Flap 2: Plot Diagram

16 Plot (definition) Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story.

17 Story Elements: Flip Book Make sure you write SMALL – there’s a lot to fit on each flap! Flap 3: Short story terms: 1. Exposition/introduction – beginning part of story, sets up story, explains Setting – when/where story takes place Characters – people, animals, creatures, and sometimes things in a story

18 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 3: Short story terms: Conflict – a characters struggle with opposing forces in a story 2. Rising action – part of the story where complications are added – to test character Suspense – a feeling of excitement/anxiety in a story Complications – events that test characters in a story

19 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 3: Short story terms: 3. Climax – the most exciting part of the story 4. Falling action – events that occur after the climax 5. Resolution/dénouement - final part of a story where conflict is resolved

20 This is what your 3rd Flap should look like:

21 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/Theme: Tone – author’s attitude towards subject Mood – how the author makes the reader feel Narrator – one telling the story Point of view – perspective from which a story is told First person – narrator tells story (part of story); uses pronouns - I, me,we

22 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/Theme Third Person (limited)-narrator is on outside of story – uses they, he, she, it, etc..; observing Third Person (omniscient) – narrator sees all – even into characters’ minds – all knowing/God like

23 A little trick to remember Point of View…

24 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 4: Point of View/Theme Foreshadowing – technique of hinting about what will eventually happen in story Flashback – a interruption in the order of events in a story; usually for info; memories – not events Theme –the message of a story; usually a life lesson

25 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: Protagonist – the main character (hero) Antagonist – one who opposes the main character (anti-hero) Characterization – technique used by an author to create characters for the reader Static character – a character that stays the same during a story

26 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: Flat character – a character that is one sided; usually a stereotype Dynamic character – a character that changes during a story Round character – a well-developed character with many faults and virtues Internal conflict – when a character struggles with forces inside himself/herself

27 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 5: Characters / Conflict: External Conflict - when a character struggles with an outside force (another person, society, weather, natural events, etc…) Types of conflict – Man vs. Man(Man vs. Society) (External) Man vs. Nature (External) Man vs. Self (Internal)

28 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/Symbols: Genre – term used to identify different types of literature Biography – a story written about a person’s life Autobiography – a story about a person’s life which is written by that person Fantasy – a type of fiction that is highly imaginative and could not happen

29 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/Symbols Science fiction – fiction that takes place in the future or in another galaxy/universe Historical fiction - fiction that takes place in a factual historic setting; realistic for time Realistic fiction – fiction that takes place in a realistic setting and could actually happen in the modern world

30 Story Elements: Flip Book Flap 6: Genres/Symbols Symbol – a person, place, thing that represents something other than itself – usually an idea Examples: love peace

31 Story Elements: Flip Book Now, you should have 4 flaps left – save them for later Label them Story 1, Story 2, Story 3, & Story 4 Your flip book will come in handy during your next quiz!

32 Finally, your Flip Book should look like this:

33 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii Author: Louis Untermeyer Genre: Historical Fiction

34 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii Setting: Pompeii, 79 AD Characters: –Tito – young, blind homeless boy; depends on Bimbo for survival –Bimbo – Tito’s dog; feeds Tito everyday –Other residents of the city

35 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii Point of View:? Conflict: ? Theme: ? Mood:?

36 Story #1: The Dog of Pompeii Label the Plot Diagram:

37 Finally, your Story #1: Flap should look like this:

38 Now, complete the same process for the next 3 stories!

39


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