Presentation on theme: "1 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Carl G. Jung’s theory of psychological types Differences between normal healthy people Source of misunderstanding and miscommunication."— Presentation transcript:
1 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Carl G. Jung’s theory of psychological types Differences between normal healthy people Source of misunderstanding and miscommunication Enhance understanding of self and others MBTI is a self-report questionnaire 50 years of research and development 3.5m tests each year
2 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Inborn tendencies to use our minds in different ways Eight patterns of normal, predictable, habits of behaviour, or types It’s about how we see things:- Perceiving, as in taking in information Judging, as in organising information
3 Preferences? Sign your name as you normally do Sign your name using the other hand Feels natural Didn’t think about it Effortless, easy Looks neat, legible, adult Feels unnatural Had to concentrate Awkward and clumsy Looks childlike
4 Extraversion or Introversion Where do you prefer to focus your attention? How are you energised? Do you get energised by doing and talking and having contact with people or Do you prefer quiet reflect and time to think before acting and speaking?
8 The MBTI Preferences? Extraversion (E)Introversion (I) People who prefer Extraversion like to focus on the outer world around them. They like the buzz of people and activity. They direct their energy and attention outwards and receive energy from interacting with people and from taking action. Characteristics Attuned to external environment Prefer to communicate by talking Work out ideas by talking them through Learn best through doing or discussing Have broad interests Sociable and expressive Readily take initiative in work and relationships People who prefer Introversion like to focus on their own inner world of ideas and experiences. They direct their energy and attention inwards and receive energy from quietly reflecting on their thoughts, memories and feelings. Characteristics Drawn to their inner world Prefer to communicate in writing Work out ideas by reflecting on them Learn best by reflection – mental ‘practice’ Focus in depth on their interests Private and contained Take initiative when situation or issue is very important to them Where do you prefer to focus your attention? How do you get energised?
9 Sensing or Intuition What kind of information do you prefer to pay attention to? How to you get your information? Do you prefer specific information and facts based on practical realities or do you prefer big picture ideas based on insights and patterns which allow for a range of possible futures?
13 Sensing (S)Intuition (N) People who prefer Sensing like to take in information that is real and tangible – what is actually happening. They are observant about the detail of what is going on around them and are especially focused on the practical realities of a situation. Characteristics Oriented to present realities Factual and concrete Focus on what is real and actual Observe and remember specifics Build carefully towards conclusions Understand ideas and theories through practical applications Trust experience People who prefer Intuition like to take in information by seeing the big picture, focusing on the associations and connections between facts. They look for patterns and what might be rather than what is. They actively seek new ideas and possibilities. Characteristics Oriented towards future possibilities Value imaginative insights Focus on the patterns and meanings in data Abstract and theoretical Enjoy anticipating the future Stimulated by ambiguity Trust inspiration How do you prefer to take in information? The MBTI Preferences?
14 Thinking or Feeling How do you prefer to make decisions? Do you like objective and logical analysis based on cause and effect thinking or do you prefer more involvement and consideration of the people affected?
18 Thinking (T)Feeling (F) People who prefer to use Thinking in decision-making like to look at the logical consequences of a choice or action. They want to remove themselves mentally from the situation to examine the pros and cons objectively. They are energised by analysing and evaluating to identify what’s wrong with something so they can solve the problem. Their goal is to find a standard or principle that will apply to all similar situations. Characteristics Analytical Use cause and effect reasoning Solve problems with logic Strive for an objective standard of truth Apply consistent principles Can be tough minded Fair – want everyone treated equally People who prefer to use Feeling in decision-making like to look at what is important to them and to others involved. They mentally place themselves inside the situation to identify with everyone so they can make decisions based on their values about showing respect for people. They are energised by appreciating and supporting others and look for qualities to praise. Their goal is to create harmony and treat each person as a unique individual. Characteristics Empathetic Guided by personal values Assess impacts of decisions on people Strive for harmony and positive interactions Compassionate towards individuals May appear ‘tender hearted’ Fair- want everyone treated as an individual. The MBTI Preferences? How do you make decisions?
19 Judging or Perceiving How do you go about things? What ‘lifestyle’ do you prefer? Do you prefer things to be orderly, scheduled, controlled and decisive or do you feel constrained by plans and structures and prefer to go with the flow in a spontaneous and flexible way?
23 Judging (J)Perceiving (P) People who prefer to use their Judging process in the outer world would like to live in a planned, orderly way, seeking to regulate and manage their lives. They want to make decisions, come to closure and move on. Their lives tend to be structured and organised. And they like to have things settled. Sticking to a plan and schedule is very important to them and they are energised by getting things done. Characteristics Scheduled and organised Enjoy making decisions Systematic and methodical Make short and long-term plans Like to have things decided Try to avoid last minute stresses. People who prefer to use their Perceiving process in the outer world would like to live in a flexible, spontaneous way, seeking to experience and understand life rather than control it. Detailed plans and final decisions feel constraining for them; they prefer to stay open to new information and last minute options. They are energised by their resourcefulness in adapting to the demands of the moment. Characteristics Spontaneous Flexible Enjoy process and no decisions before time Open-ended and adaptable Like things loose and open to change Feel energised by last minute pressures. The MBTI Preferences? How do you deal with the outer world?
24 Your MBTI Preferences? ExtraversionIntroversion E I Sensing Intuition ThinkingFeeling JudgingPerceiving very sure quite sure not surequite sure very sure S N quite sure very sure T F quite sure not sure quite sure very sure J P quite sure not sure quite sure very sure not sure E or I S or N T or F J or P My Type