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THE COMPROMISE YEARS 1820-1854 The Missouri C______________ of 1820 - In 1819, Missouri wanted to enter the Union. However, there were already 11 f____.

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Presentation on theme: "THE COMPROMISE YEARS 1820-1854 The Missouri C______________ of 1820 - In 1819, Missouri wanted to enter the Union. However, there were already 11 f____."— Presentation transcript:

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2 THE COMPROMISE YEARS The Missouri C______________ of In 1819, Missouri wanted to enter the Union. However, there were already 11 f____ states and 11 s_____ states. Why did Missouri create a problem? ompromise ree lave

3 THE COMPROMISE YEARS The Missouri Compromise of 1820 Problem #1: If Missouri joined the Union as a s_____ state, the South would have ___ senators and the North would only have only ___ senators. 12 southern states=___ senators 11 northern states =___ senators (Each state has two senators) lave 24 22

4 THE COMPROMISE YEARS The Missouri Compromise of 1820 Solution #1: Senator Henry C____ suggested drawing a line at the 36º latitude 30‘ N. Slavery would be banned everywhere n_____ of this line. Missouri would join as a s____ state, _____ as a free state. orth laveMaine lay

5 Problem #2: After the war with M______, (1848) what would we do with lands west of the R_____ Mountains? The Missouri Compromise only applied to lands e_____ of the Rockies. THE COMPROMISE YEARS exico ocky ast The Missouri Compromise of 1820

6 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Problem #2 – What to do with lands _____ from Mexico won

7 Solution #2: Senator Wilmot from PA wanted to p_______ that slavery be b______ in ANY area won from Mexico. The House passed the Proviso in 1846, but the Senate d_________ it. THE COMPROMISE YEARS Wilmot P________ NO SOLUTION to #2 Problem (what to do with lands west of Rockies)= Increased t________ of s____________ RESULT: rovide anned efeated ensionsectionalism. roviso

8 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Wilmot P_______ – 1846 – No __________rovisosolution

9 THE COMPROMISE YEARS P_______ Sovereignty – 18___ New #2 Solution: V______ in a new territory would decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery in a t__________. opular48 oters erritory

10 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Popular Sovereignty Result: The idea of Popular S___________ led to a new political party, the “Free _____” Party. It included both Democrats and Whigs who wanted to keep s______ out of the w_______ territories, and a few who wanted to a_______ all slavery in the U.S. overeignty Soil laveryestern bolish

11 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Popular Sovereignty Problem #3: C_________ wanted to enter the Union as a f____ state in Once again, this would upset the b______ of power in the Senate. Some s_________ states threatened to leave the Union if California was admitted as a free state. alifornia ree alance outhern

12 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Result: I_________ tensions. Senator Benton of Missouri denounced Sen. Foote from Miss. for opposing California’s entry. Sen. Foote aimed a ______ at Benton in the Senate. P________ #3: Should California be admitted to the Union? roblem ncreased pistol

13 THE COMPROMISE YEARS S_______ #3: The Compromise of 1850 Sen. Henry _____ (who was sick) suggested the Compromise of 18___. Senator C_______ vigorously opposed it. Calhoun later died in 1850, but other southerners kept up the o_________. Clay 50 alhoun pposition olution

14 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Solution #3: The Compromise of 18___ Clay suggested _____ things: 1.California enter as a f____ state. 2. Divide the Mexican Cession into two t___________. 3. End slave t_____ in Washington D.C. 4. Have a strict F________ Slave Law. 5. End a b______ dispute between Texas and New Mexico. five ree erritories rade ugitive order 50

15 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Solution #3: The _____________________ – Which ideas would northerners favor? Which ideas would southerners favor? _____ 1. California enter as a free state. _____ 2. Divide the Mexican Cession into two territories. _____ 3. End slave trade in Washington D.C. _____ 4. Have a strict Fugitive Slave Law. _____ 5. End a border dispute between Texas and New Mexico. Compromise of 1850 N N N&S S

16 THE COMPROMISE YEARS Compromise R________ Did both sides get what they wanted? ______ The “____” of sectional tension was still b_______. The compromises simply turned down the heat a little. The k_______ was still on the fire, just waiting for something to f___ the flames, causing it to boil over. What ________________? Read pages and answer the Explore questions on page 358 to find out. (NB pg. 51) NO! potoiling an would it be esults ettle

17 Credits Graphics are from America! America! Scott,Foresman and Co., 1982 The American Nation, Prentice Hall, 2000 A History of Us, Joy Hakim, 1999 Designed by Marie Sontag, This presentation is copyrighted by Marie Sontag, © 2001 and may only be used by teachers in an educational setting.


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