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BUILDING A NATURAL RESOURCES POLICY PORTFOLIO: PROGRESS TO DATE Douglas Merrey Director for Research FANRPAN Secretariat Stakeholders Planning Workshop, May 2007
Natural Resources Management—A Cross-Cutting Theme Southern Africa—land, water, climate, trees, bio-diversity—constraints, threats but also opportunities There are networks for water (GWP, Waternet), soil fertility, etc. But weak linkages—insufficient integration especially with agriculture Transboundary resources--therefore regional not strictly national issues Crosscuts at least 3 of the 4 proposed FANRPAN research themes (regional integration, poverty, innovation)
Risk of recurrent drought Natural legacy: extreme climate variability Historical legacy: numerous international waters The case of Africa: poverty & hydrological legacies
Growth in yields United States China Latin America Sub-Saharan Africa
Current Proposal Portfolio 1. Evidence-based Policy Options for Scaling up Agroforestry 2. Global Environmental Change and Food Security (GCAFS), Southern Africa 3. Analysis of Relationship of Water Productivity and Poverty in the Limpopo Basin 4. Water Rights Interventions to Water Quality and Access by Poor People in the Limpopo Basin 5. Evaluation of Treadle Pump and Drip Irrigation Kit Programs in Zambia and Zimbabwe
Evidence-based Policy Options for Scaling up Agroforestry Goal: Building on previous successful ICRAF project, promote scaling up, with special attention to making policies more supportive at national and regional levels Countries: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia proposed Partners: ICRAF, with SADC, COMESA, national partners (FANRPAN leads) Anticipated donor: CIDA, other bilaterals Status: Invited to submit revised proposal, to be completed at ‘write-shop’ 2 nd week of May
Global Environmental Change and Food Security (GECAFS), Southern Africa Goal: Deliver policy-relevant information on interactions of GEC and food systems underlying food security Countries: Southern Africa Partners: GCAFS (Environmental Change Institute, Oxford U (www.gecafs.org); NEPAD; ICSU; SADC; FARA; regional scientists, etc. FARPAN will manage secretariat—competitive grants– and facilitate networking, dialogue, communicationwww.gecafs.org Anticipated donor: DFID possible; exploring others Status: Seeking funding
Linking global environmental change science with food security policy and development John Ingram GECAFS International Project Office Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, UK
how GEC will further complicate food security across the region. the feasibility of policy and technical adaptation options at both regional and local levels. the socioeconomic and environmental consequences of different adaptation options designed to improve food security. GECAFS-SAF addresses 3 issues
1. ~ 5 Case Studies across the region, each addressing the food systems questions relating to GEC vulnerability and impacts, adaptation options and feedbacks. 2. Regional Scientific Networking, to link case study research with other relevant research in the region and internationally. 3. Science-Policy Interface, linking national researchers with policymakers, the private sector, civil society and representatives of regional food security programmes. GECAFS-SAF Implementation 5 years
Analysis of Relationship of Water Productivity and Poverty in the Limpopo Basin Goal: Interdisciplinary analysis of relationships among water productivity & access and poverty, to identify interventions & research questions Countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe Partners: ARC, IWMI, GWP-SA, national institutions in basin countries & Malawi. FANRPAN co-leads with ARC Anticipated donor: Challenge Programme on Water and Food (CPWF, www.waterandfood.org)www.waterandfood.org Status: Had won contract; cancelled because of procedure problems in other river basins; now have submitted concept note—waiting for response
Link between poverty, hunger and water scarcity
Where river basins are shared: impacts, risks & opportunities can be even greater… Zambezi: Zimbabwe & Mozambique
Water Rights Interventions to Water Quality and Access by Poor People in the Limpopo Basin Goal: Improve access to quality water for multiple uses through enhanced water rights Countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe Partners: GWP-SA; IFPRI; national institutions in basin countries. FANRPAN leads. Anticipated donor: CPWF Status: Concept Note accepted, waiting for revised guidelines for proposal
Evaluation of Treadle Pump and Drip Irrigation Kit Programs in Zambia and Zimbabwe Goal: Objectively evaluate impact and effectiveness of 2 programs, as basis for improving future investments Countries: Zambia, Zimbabwe Partners: ACF/University of Zambia; Midlands State University, Bunda College Anticipated donor: USAID’s Office of Disaster Assistance Status: Proposal accepted, expect to sign contract and begin in May 2007
Treadle Pumps--Types ZAMBIA KENYA S. AFRICA SWAZI- LAND INDIA
Drip Irrigation Kits Enables precise application of limited amount of water to crop root zone Reduces losses from evaporation, weeds, runoff Combine with bucket or drum to hold the water
Bucket and Drip Irrigated Cabbage
Operationalizing the “NR” in “FANRPAN” FANRPAN’s niche is a focus on policy issues, but in partnership with local communities, implementing agencies, etc. FANRPAN’s role: facilitate and promote evidence-based policy options and advocacy Partnerships with RECS, other networks (e.g., GWP), national, regional and international institutions are critical.
Picture – women farmers selling tomatoes near an irrigation canal Thank you!
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