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BUILDING A NATURAL RESOURCES POLICY PORTFOLIO: PROGRESS TO DATE Douglas Merrey Director for Research FANRPAN Secretariat Stakeholders Planning Workshop,

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING A NATURAL RESOURCES POLICY PORTFOLIO: PROGRESS TO DATE Douglas Merrey Director for Research FANRPAN Secretariat Stakeholders Planning Workshop,"— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING A NATURAL RESOURCES POLICY PORTFOLIO: PROGRESS TO DATE Douglas Merrey Director for Research FANRPAN Secretariat Stakeholders Planning Workshop, May 2007

2 Natural Resources Management—A Cross-Cutting Theme  Southern Africa—land, water, climate, trees, bio-diversity—constraints, threats but also opportunities  There are networks for water (GWP, Waternet), soil fertility, etc. But weak linkages—insufficient integration especially with agriculture  Transboundary resources--therefore regional not strictly national issues  Crosscuts at least 3 of the 4 proposed FANRPAN research themes (regional integration, poverty, innovation)

3 Risk of recurrent drought Natural legacy: extreme climate variability Historical legacy: numerous international waters The case of Africa: poverty & hydrological legacies

4 Growth in yields United States China Latin America Sub-Saharan Africa

5 Current Proposal Portfolio 1. Evidence-based Policy Options for Scaling up Agroforestry 2. Global Environmental Change and Food Security (GCAFS), Southern Africa 3. Analysis of Relationship of Water Productivity and Poverty in the Limpopo Basin 4. Water Rights Interventions to Water Quality and Access by Poor People in the Limpopo Basin 5. Evaluation of Treadle Pump and Drip Irrigation Kit Programs in Zambia and Zimbabwe

6 Evidence-based Policy Options for Scaling up Agroforestry  Goal: Building on previous successful ICRAF project, promote scaling up, with special attention to making policies more supportive at national and regional levels  Countries: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia proposed  Partners: ICRAF, with SADC, COMESA, national partners (FANRPAN leads)  Anticipated donor: CIDA, other bilaterals  Status: Invited to submit revised proposal, to be completed at ‘write-shop’ 2 nd week of May

7 Global Environmental Change and Food Security (GECAFS), Southern Africa  Goal: Deliver policy-relevant information on interactions of GEC and food systems underlying food security  Countries: Southern Africa  Partners: GCAFS (Environmental Change Institute, Oxford U (www.gecafs.org); NEPAD; ICSU; SADC; FARA; regional scientists, etc. FARPAN will manage secretariat—competitive grants– and facilitate networking, dialogue, communicationwww.gecafs.org  Anticipated donor: DFID possible; exploring others  Status: Seeking funding

8 Linking global environmental change science with food security policy and development John Ingram GECAFS International Project Office Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, UK

9 how GEC will further complicate food security across the region. the feasibility of policy and technical adaptation options at both regional and local levels. the socioeconomic and environmental consequences of different adaptation options designed to improve food security. GECAFS-SAF addresses 3 issues

10 1. ~ 5 Case Studies across the region, each addressing the food systems questions relating to GEC vulnerability and impacts, adaptation options and feedbacks. 2. Regional Scientific Networking, to link case study research with other relevant research in the region and internationally. 3. Science-Policy Interface, linking national researchers with policymakers, the private sector, civil society and representatives of regional food security programmes. GECAFS-SAF Implementation 5 years

11 Analysis of Relationship of Water Productivity and Poverty in the Limpopo Basin  Goal: Interdisciplinary analysis of relationships among water productivity & access and poverty, to identify interventions & research questions  Countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe  Partners: ARC, IWMI, GWP-SA, national institutions in basin countries & Malawi. FANRPAN co-leads with ARC  Anticipated donor: Challenge Programme on Water and Food (CPWF,  Status: Had won contract; cancelled because of procedure problems in other river basins; now have submitted concept note—waiting for response

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13 Link between poverty, hunger and water scarcity

14 Where river basins are shared: impacts, risks & opportunities can be even greater… Zambezi: Zimbabwe & Mozambique

15 Water Rights Interventions to Water Quality and Access by Poor People in the Limpopo Basin  Goal: Improve access to quality water for multiple uses through enhanced water rights  Countries: Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe  Partners: GWP-SA; IFPRI; national institutions in basin countries. FANRPAN leads.  Anticipated donor: CPWF  Status: Concept Note accepted, waiting for revised guidelines for proposal

16 Evaluation of Treadle Pump and Drip Irrigation Kit Programs in Zambia and Zimbabwe  Goal: Objectively evaluate impact and effectiveness of 2 programs, as basis for improving future investments  Countries: Zambia, Zimbabwe  Partners: ACF/University of Zambia; Midlands State University, Bunda College  Anticipated donor: USAID’s Office of Disaster Assistance  Status: Proposal accepted, expect to sign contract and begin in May 2007

17 Treadle Pumps--Types ZAMBIA KENYA S. AFRICA SWAZI- LAND INDIA

18 Drip Irrigation Kits  Enables precise application of limited amount of water to crop root zone  Reduces losses from evaporation, weeds, runoff  Combine with bucket or drum to hold the water

19 Bucket and Drip Irrigated Cabbage

20 Operationalizing the “NR” in “FANRPAN”  FANRPAN’s niche is a focus on policy issues, but in partnership with local communities, implementing agencies, etc.  FANRPAN’s role: facilitate and promote evidence-based policy options and advocacy  Partnerships with RECS, other networks (e.g., GWP), national, regional and international institutions are critical.

21 Picture – women farmers selling tomatoes near an irrigation canal Thank you!


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