2Idiom: Phrases that are not literal Example:I can’t help you right now. I’m all tied up!What does this meanliterally?What does it reallymean?
3Simile: Compares two things with as or like Examples:She was mad as a tiger at him for pulling her hair.She acted like a tiger after he pulled her hair.What is being compared?What do they have in common?
4Metaphor: Compares two things Example:She was a tiger after he pulled her hair.What is being compared?What do they have in common?What is the difference between this and a simile?
5Personification: Animals and inanimate objects are given human qualities Example:The smoke from the fire crawled up the side of the house.What is being compared?What do they have in common?
6Hyperbole : an exaggeration Example:He was huge. He had to be the most gigantic 6th grader that ever lived!What makes thisan exaggeration?Can you think ofanother exaggeration?
7Irony: sarcasm/ the opposite of an expected outcome Example:I was just thrilled that there was a pop quiz. I didn’t even do my homework!What are they really trying to say?
8Imagery: descriptive language- sensory details Example:The sweet almond and pumpkin aroma of the tea brought back memories of cool August evenings at home.What can you see, smell, taste, touch or hear?
9Dialect: when dialog is written to reflect the ways a language is spoken by a group or location Example:“Y’all mus’ be crazy, if’n ya’ll think there’s no homework t’night!”How would this be written in standard English?
10Symbolism: something that represents another thing or idea Examples:An olive branch is a symbol of_________Red is often symbolic of ____________Can you think of any other symbols?
11Onomatopoeia: words resemble the real sound they represent Example:The soda went clug, clug, clug down her throat as she guzzled it.Can you think of any other examples?
12Let’s Practice. Name that literary device When Sara went swimming she was the fastest fish in the water.
13Name that literary device In math class, John got the right answer and the teacher said, “You sure hit the nail on the head.”
14Name that literary device Drip drop drip went the leaky water faucet.
15On Your own Name that literary device 1) The teacher gave us so much homework. This is going to take forever to finish.
16Name that literary device 2) “There ain’t nobody gonna come ‘ere an’ take ma stuff. I gotta real mean dog set ta attack.”
17Name that literary device 3) Sam was like a broken record player in the way he would repeat himself over and over.
18Name that literary device 4) After three hours of questioning and the suspect had still not given up any information, the detective knew he would be a tough nut to crack.
19Name that literary device 5) “Time to take out the trash,” said Billy’s mom.“Oh great,” said Billy as he rolled his eyes. “That soundslike a ton of fun.”
20Name that literary device 6) Rebecca was a grasshopper when she jumped high up into the air.
21Name that literary device 7) As the door opened with a loud creak, the scent of freshly baked muffins poured over me. My mouth began to water and my stomach let out a low rumble. I wascertainly hungry.
22Name that literary device 8) As Jacob stared up at theAmerican flag flowing inthe wind, he could not helpbut think about all thethings that flag stood for.The flag was so much morethan just sewn cloth.
23Name that literary device 9) The rain drops raced down the outside of the window before they relaxed in a spreadingpuddle.
24Name that literary device 10) Thump thump thump thump went my heart as the doctor listened with a stethoscope.