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FUTURE ROLE OF INGO IN CAMBODIA Carol Mortensen, Lead Consultant.

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Presentation on theme: "FUTURE ROLE OF INGO IN CAMBODIA Carol Mortensen, Lead Consultant."— Presentation transcript:

1 FUTURE ROLE OF INGO IN CAMBODIA Carol Mortensen, Lead Consultant

2 OBJECTIVES OF THE 2014 OXFAM DISCUSSION: FUTURE ROLE OF INGO IN CAMBODIA Look at the changing political, economic and social landscape in Cambodia and identify next steps for INGO consideration Identify changes INGO should seek to influence and support Identify key advocacy issues, policy space available and means, vehicles and strategies to achieve active citizenship

3 WHAT IS ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP? Active Citizenship is defined as both a right and a responsibility of citizens to participate in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the nation, ensuring that they are well informed and that their voice is reflected in decision making that affect their livelihood and rights

4 KEY FINDINGS OF THE FUTURE ROLE OF INGO IN CAMBODIA 1. INGOs review their future role and develop an Organizational Development Plan 2. INGOs facilitate an enabling environment with inclusive partnerships that build bridges between CSO, Government and Development Partners for sustained collaboration

5 3. INGOs increase CSOs knowledge, skills and strategies to leverage international networks and apply successful global experiences 4. INGOs improve coordination, communication and cooperation amongst themselves

6 Note: INGO efforts since 1979 in service delivery are appreciated Over past 10 years, many INGO have strengthened advocacy and influencing role Recent changes in Cambodia’s political, economic and social operating environment, mean INGO should review their model to support development

7 Oxfam have documented a “discussion paper” not a blueprint Every INGO is likely to have a different “vision” Individuals and agencies were consulted, and findings built on a 2012 “discussion paper” by Marchal, Mary and Ngo, Sothath

8 What were the findings? Not very different from this identified in 2012 Similar themes but a sharper focus

9 For 35 years, INGOs have been “building capacity” Future service delivery activities should be led by national CSOs with INGOs providing support Cambodia CSOs must set and lead Cambodia’s development agenda 1.INGOs REVIEW THEIR FUTURE ROLE AND DEVELOP AN ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN

10 INGO Development Plan approved by HQ: vision, triggers, timeframes, targets and communication, partnerships and change management strategies documentedINGO Development Plan approved by HQ: vision, triggers, timeframes, targets and communication, partnerships and change management strategies documented INGO activities to be “phased over” to CSO, Government, or communities can be tested in a transition phase to determine commitment, capacity and political willINGO activities to be “phased over” to CSO, Government, or communities can be tested in a transition phase to determine commitment, capacity and political will INGOs conduct rigorous reviews of partnerships, organisational impact, partner capacities and skills and review their operating environment

11 2.FACILITATE AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT WITH INCLUSIVE PARTNERSHIPS THAT BUILDS BRIDGES BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, CSO AND DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS FOR SUSTAINABLE COLLABORATION INGOs reassess their approach, decision-making and agenda setting within a changing context INGOs commit to institutional strengthening and jointly plan with CSOs how this will be achieved

12 With CSO right to deliver services comes responsibilities INGOs support People’s Organisations without influencing their mandate, as legitimate voice of citizens Private sector relationships should be strengthened

13 INGOs facilitate CSO engagement with Government, and Development Partners INGOs nurture citizen and Government champions and change agents - particularly youth and women INGOs “follow the money”: budget literacy, Social Accountability Framework, work with private sector, Government, Development Partners and CSO

14 3.INCREASE CSO KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND STRATEGIES TO LEVERAGE INTERNATIONAL NETWORKS AND APPLY SUCCESSFUL GLOBAL EXPERIENCES INGOs prioritise linking citizens and CSOs to international networks and facilitating CSO to take the leadINGOs prioritise linking citizens and CSOs to international networks and facilitating CSO to take the lead INGOs build citizen and CSO social capital through learning forums, national and international study toursINGOs build citizen and CSO social capital through learning forums, national and international study tours

15 INGOs encourage CSO partners to understand and utilise social media effectivelyINGOs encourage CSO partners to understand and utilise social media effectively INGOs facilitate information sharing by the Cambodian diaspora to increase understanding about dual political processes, democracy and active citizenshipINGOs facilitate information sharing by the Cambodian diaspora to increase understanding about dual political processes, democracy and active citizenship INGOs model “the middle path” holding all political parties equally to account and encourage a more nuanced political understandingINGOs model “the middle path” holding all political parties equally to account and encourage a more nuanced political understanding

16 INGO campaigns should have same message as CSO campaigns but do not need to be centrally coordinatedINGO campaigns should have same message as CSO campaigns but do not need to be centrally coordinated

17 4.IMPROVE INGO COOPERATION, COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION INGOs support effective co-ordination mechanisms at the country level: formal and informalINGOs support effective co-ordination mechanisms at the country level: formal and informal INGO senior leadership model positive behaviours and coach staff to increase effective collaboration, communication and coordinationINGO senior leadership model positive behaviours and coach staff to increase effective collaboration, communication and coordination

18 INGO commit to coordinate and be coordinatedINGO commit to coordinate and be coordinated INGOs work with Development Partners to increase multi-agency program developmentINGOs work with Development Partners to increase multi-agency program development

19 INGOs should influence a range of issues including: shrinking civil space, corruption, governance, economic issues, CSO institutional development, Government accountability INGOs have greater access to policy space than CSO, but depends upon issue, INGO and Government Ministry; more likely to influence technical policies than public policies RECOMMENDATIONS

20 Some respondents recommended Cambodian CSOs lead advocacy in Cambodia INGOs leverage international media, citizen and policy networks for CSOs and then step back and let CSO take the lead INGO have a critical role in providing protection and security for national CSO during advocacy campaigns and times of tension

21 RECOMMENDED CHANGES TO THE ROLE AND ACTIVITIES OF INGOs INGOs jointly fund institutional development of promising CSOs and CSO leaders by specialist agency INGO staff and partners demonstrate understanding of “power” dimensions INGO and Development Partners require CSO partners to have GPP accreditation or be registered and working towards accreditation

22 INGOs and CSO jointly identify strategies to support CSO capacity development: mentoring, technical inputs, Board participation INGO harness social media platforms and utilise global media to influence policy INGO continue to build bridges for CSO to leverage international platforms INGO commit to “authentic” formal and informal collaboration, communication and cooperation mechanisms

23 Oxfam and CCC are jointly hosting this discussion and learning platform All INGO consider the reflections outlined in the Discussion Paper, define what “success” means to them and commit all staff to uphold the organisational vision and plan WHERE NEXT?

24 Thank you


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