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Beekeeper’s Vocabulary Section Four The 1828 & 1913 Definitions.

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Presentation on theme: "Beekeeper’s Vocabulary Section Four The 1828 & 1913 Definitions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beekeeper’s Vocabulary Section Four The 1828 & 1913 Definitions

2 The List 1. acquaintance1. 2. cast2. 3. circumstance3. 4. confirm4. 5. customary5. 6. dingy6. 7. distinct7. 8. habitual8. 9. hasten hesitant hoarse intact intention methodically neglect obedience reluctant remarkably shed subtlety

3 the 1st word – an example acquaintance “My maths tutor and I were working with some problems in theory, involving base eight, when we came across some mathematical exercises developed by an old acquaintance of yours.”

4 the 1 st word – definitions acquaintance Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.

5 the 2 nd word – an example cast The examinations would be a problem if I continued this way, though, and I cast about for someone to fill in the large gaps in my education.

6 the 2 nd word – definitions cast Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel. To direct or turn, as the eyes. – How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Shak. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

7 the 3 rd word – an example circumstance Connor hesitated, then forced a laugh. Perhaps only the circumstances had rendered him humourless.

8 the 3 rd word – definitions circumstance Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things. – The circumstances are well known in the country where they happened. W. Irving. An event; a fact; a particular incident. – The sculptor had in his thoughts the conqueror weeping for new worlds, or the like circumstances in history. Addison.

9 the 4 th word – an example confirm Fowler was consulted and confirmed that the building had been cleaned about eight o’clock on what was now the previous night.

10 the 4 th word – definitions confirm To make firm or firmer; to add strength to; to establish; as, health is confirmed by exercise To strengthen in judgment or purpose. To give new assurance of the truth of; to render certain; to verify; to corroborate; as, to confirm a rumor. Your eyes shall witness and confirm my tale. Pope.

11 the 4 th word – definitions confirm Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. To render valid by formal assent; to complete by a necessary sanction; to ratify; as, to confirm the appointment of an official; the Senate confirms a treaty. Syn. – To strengthen; corroborate; substantiate; establish; fix; ratify; verify; assure.

12 the 5th word – an example customary I emerged from the feast some time later to find Holmes watching me with a curious expression on his face, which disappeared instantly, replaced by his customary slightly superior gaze.

13 the 5th word – definitions customary Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Agreeing with, or established by, custom; established by common usage; conventional; habitual. – A formal customary attendance upon the offices. South. (Law) Holding or held by custom; as, customary tenants; customary service or estate.

14 the 6 th word – an example dingy He stood there in his dingy old lady’s dress, that horrid mole on his face, looking not in the least apologetic for the trouble he had put me to.

15 the 6 th word – definitions dingy Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Soiled; sullied; of a dark or dusky color; dark brown; dirty. “Scraps of dingy paper.” Macaulay.

16 the 7 th word – an example distinct Three terms go to make up the Oxford calendar, each with its own very distinct flavour.

17 the 7 th word – definitions distinct Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Separate in place; not conjunct; not united by growth or otherwise; -- with from. Not identical; different; individual. So separated as not to be confounded with any other thing; not liable to be misunderstood; not confused; well-defined; clear; as, we have a distinct or indistinct view of a prospect.

18 the 8 th word – an example habitual “Interesting article of his, comparing whorls with the personality traits of habitual criminals, didn’t you think?”

19 the 8 th word – definitions habitual Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Formed or acquired by habit or use. – An habitual knowledge of certain rules and maxims. South. According to habit; established by habit; customary; constant; as, the habitual practice of sin. Syn. -- Customary; accustomed; usual; common; wonted; ordinary; regular; familiar.

20 the 9 th word – an example hasten “You won’t overlook the significance of the agony column?” “Of course not,” I hastened to reassure him.

21 the 9 th word – definitions hasten Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. To press; to drive or urge forward; to push on; to precipitate; to accelerate the movement of; to expedite; to hurry. – I would hasten my escape from the windy storm. Ps. lv. 8. To move celerity; to be rapid in motion; to act speedily or quickly; to go quickly. – I hastened to the spot whence the noise came. DeFoe.

22 the 10 th word – an example hesitant And how could Holmes hope to reach her but across these narrow branches? Holmes, approaching sixty and becoming just the least bit hesitant about risking his bones, would have to balance his greater weight and height on the same branch…

23 the 10 th word – definitions hesitant Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Not prompt in deciding or acting; hesitating. Unready in speech. Baxter.

24 the 11 th word – an example hoarse Holmes slumped against the building, stunned. “Billy?” he whispered hoarsely.

25 the 11 th word – definitions hoarse Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or sound; as, the hoarse raven. – The hoarse resounding shore. Dryden. Harsh; grating; discordant; -- said of any sound.

26 the 12 th word – an example intact When his wife died and left him to finish raising their six children, only his salary as manager made it possible to keep the family intact.

27 the 12 th word – definitions intact Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Untouched, especially by anything that harms, defiles, or the like; uninjured; undefiled; left complete or entire. Buckle. – When all external differences have passed away, one element remains intact, unchanged, -- the everlasting basis of our common nature, the human soul. F. W. Robertson.

28 the 13 th word – an example intention I assured him that I had no intention of taking on the man single-handed, and we separated.

29 the 13 th word – definitions intention Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. A stretching or bending of the mind toward of the mind toward an object; closeness of application; fixedness of attention; earnestness. A determination to act in a certain way or to do a certain thing; purpose; design; as, an intention to go to New York. – Hell is paved with good intentions. Johnson. The object toward which the thoughts are directed; end; aim.

30 the 14 th word – an example methodically The nursing sister held the glass for me, and I pulled methodically at the straw, ignoring the hurt of swallowing.

31 the 14 th word – definitions methodically Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. In a methodical manner; according to natural or convenient order.

32 the 15 th word – an example neglect “Do not neglect to bring your revolver, Russell. It may be needed, and it does us no good in your drawer with that disgusting cheese.”

33 the 15 th word – definitions neglect Not to attend to with due care or attention; to forbear one's duty in regard to; to suffer to pass unimproved, unheeded, undone, etc.; to omit; to disregard; to slight; as, to neglect duty or business; to neglect to pay debts. To omit to notice; to forbear to treat with attention or respect; to slight; as, to neglect strangers. Syn. -- To slight; overlook; disregard

34 the 15 th word – definitions neglect Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Omission of proper attention; avoidance or disregard of duty, from heedlessness, indifference, or willfulness; failure to do, use, or heed anything; culpable disregard; as, neglect of business, of health, of economy. Omission if attention or civilities; slight; as, neglect of strangers. Habitual carelessness; negligence.

35 the 16 th word – an example obedience “Finish your drink.” Watson, through long habit of obedience to the voice of his friend, tipped the liquor down his throat and stood looking dazed.

36 the 16 th word – definitions obedience Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. The act of obeying, or the state of being obedient; compliance with that which is required by authority; subjection to rightful restraint or control. Government must compel the obedience of individuals. Ames. Words or actions denoting submission to authority; dutifulness. Shak.

37 the 17 th word – an example reluctant The man at the entrance to the Club was indeed reluctant about taking my disreputable-looking message to a member, but I persisted and within a minute found myself being escorted into the warm air inside.

38 the 17 th word – definitions reluctant Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. Reluctant (granted with reluctance [1828]) – Striving against; opposed in desire; unwilling; disinclined; loth. Reluctant, but in vain. Milton. Reluctant now I touched the trembling string. Tickell. – Proceeding from an unwilling mind; granted with reluctance; as, reluctant obedience. Mitford. – Syn. -- Averse; unwilling; loth; disinclined; repugnant; backward; coy. See Averse.

39 the 18 th word – an example remarkably “You took a remarkably early retirement twelve years ago, apparently in order to study the perfection and unity of bees and to work on your magnum opus on detection.”

40 the 18 th word – definitions remarkably Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. In a manner or degree worthy of notice; as, the winters of 1825, 1826 and 1828 were remarkably free from snow. The winter of 1827 was remarkable for a great quantity of snow. In an extraordinary manner.

41 the 19 th word – an example shed As I nosed about, I began to shed my numerous layers of disguise. The outer clothing I folded neatly to return to Watson, the mummy layers I shoved, plaster and all, into a bin of what I took to be rags behind the sofa, and the make-up joined the stains in the hand-basin.

42 the 19 th word – definitions shed A slight or temporary structure built to shade or shelter something; a structure usually open in front; an outbuilding; a hut; as, a wagon shed; a wood shed. – The first Aletes born in lowly shed. Fairfax. – Sheds of reeds which summer's heat repel. Sandys.

43 the 19 th word – more definitions shed Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. To part with; to throw off or give forth from one's self; to emit; to diffuse; to cause to emanate or flow; to pour forth or out; to spill; as, the sun sheds light; she shed tears; the clouds shed rain. To let fall; to throw off, as a natural covering of hair, feathers, shell; to cast; as, fowls shed their feathers; serpents shed their skins; trees shed leaves.

44 the 20 th word – an example subtlety (How many young women had been taught the subtleties of make-up by a man? I reflected idly.)

45 the 20 th word – definitions subtlety Go back to the The List of wordsGo back to the The List of words. The quality or state of being subtle, or sly; cunning; craftiness; artfulness. – The fox which lives by subtlety. Shak. Nice discernment with delicacy of mental action; nicety of discrimination. Something that is sly, crafty, or delusive. – Unlearned in the world's false subtleties. Shak.

46 The List 1. acquaintance1. 2. cast2. 3. circumstance3. 4. confirmation4. 5. customary5. 6. dingy6. 7. distinct7. 8. habitual8. 9. hasten hesitant hoarse intact intention methodically neglect obediently reluctance remarkably shed subtlety

47 Works Cited The ARTFL Project. The University of Chicago, n.d. Web. 8 Aug King, Laurie R. The Beekeeper’s Apprentice: or, On the Segregation of the Queen. New York: Picador, Kindle file.

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