Presentation on theme: " Stephen F. Austin returned to his colony in 1823. He found many problems and the residents were very unhappy. The resident’s first crop had failed."— Presentation transcript:
Stephen F. Austin returned to his colony in 1823. He found many problems and the residents were very unhappy. The resident’s first crop had failed because of a drought, so they had to hunt for food. They were also facing constant indian attacks because the Native Americans did not like them there.
To help bring order to the colony, he established a headquarters. There he set up a system of government and created rules to guide the colony. These rules were a mixture of Mexican and U.S. laws. Austin also formed a militia, which led several attacks against the Karankawa and Tonkawa
Although he used a militia for protection he tried to form friendships with the indians. As Austin began to deal with the problems he brought the residents of his colony closer together. They began to act as one great family looking to Austin as a father figure.
Austin’s colonies numbers increased. By the fall of 1824, Austin had nearly fulfilled his contract. 297 families and single men had received land in his colony. These first settlers became known as the Old Three Hundred. What was promised to Stephen F. Austin if he colonized 300 families?
There were 1,790 colonist living in Austin’s colony in 1825, about 440 were enslaved African Americans. What impact did this have on the colony and how do you think it will effect the future?
The settlers were educated. Only 4 of the white colonist could not read. The settlers were law abiding because of Austin’s strict laws. John P. Coles built a sawmill that supplied lumber to the colony.
Austin’s colony needed a capital. Why are laws and government important to societies? In 1824 Austin founded San Felipe de Austin better known as San Felipe. The site of the capitol had many advantages. It was in the center of the colony and halfway between the coast and El Camino Real.
San Felipe became the heart of Austin’s colony. The town’s population began to explode. Austin moved here and built a log cabin. The colony published a newspaper called “Telegraph and Texas Register”. Why was this newspaper important?
Williamson became a judge of the colony. He wore a wooden peg to support the knee of a weak leg. His nick name was “Three-Legged Willie” and would later help form the Texas Court System. By 1827 the capital San Felipe had approximately 200 residents. This was just one town in Austin’s growing colony!
By 1830 San Felipe was the largest business center in Texas, after San Antonio. Homes and stores lined the capital’s main street. The town now had: ◦ A lumber mill ◦ Newspaper office ◦ Post Office ◦ Hotel
List 3 problems that Austin’s early colony might have faced? List 3 solution’s to the problems. Why do you think San Felipe was important? Who were the Old Three Hundred? Why was the location of San Felipe important.