Age of Empresarios Stephen F. Austin Moses Austin became bankrupt in the United States financial panic of 1819. He decided to try to become an empresario under the Spanish flag. Spain had ruled Texas for nearly three hundred years and had been against immigration due to fear of filibusters. Moses Austin traveled with his slave Richmond to Mexico City to talk with Governor Antonio Martinez about his new carrier. Moses Austin colonization plan was rejected at first by Governor Martinez.
Baron De Bastrop a friend of Moses Austin and Governor Martinez helped Moses convince Spain to allow immigration from the United States. He said that immigration and settlement of Texas would help Spain’s economy and the settlers would act as a buffer from Indian attacks on Mexico City, the capitol of New Spain. Moses Austin dies of pneumonia so his son travels with Erasmo Seguin to Mexico City to get the empresario contract switched to his name
Governor Antonio Martinez agrees to allow Stephen F. Austin to become an empresario. Stephen Austin selects the area between the Brazos and Colorado rivers for his first contract as an empresario. He chose this area because it was further away from the Comanche’s, rich soil, near rivers, great hunting and by the Gulf of Mexico which allowed him to have a port. Joseph Hawkins a friend of Stephen Austin loaned him 4000 dollars to help get supplies and a ship called the Lively for his new settlement.
The Lively sinks at Galveston on its second voyage. In 1821 Mexico receives their independence from Spain and Stephen F. Austin is able to keep the empresario contract under this new country Mexico. In order to come live in Texas under the Mexican flag you had to promise to obey Mexican law and be Roman Catholic. Settlers came to live in Texas for adventure, but also land was cheap, 12.5 cents an acre. Most people who came to live in Texas came from the Southern part of the United States and they brought their slaves with them.
From 1821 through 1827 relationships were good between Mexico and Texas. Mexico allowed others to become empresarios and the population of Texas increased during this time period. In 1823 Emperor Agustin de Iturbide was overthrown by the Federalists who believed that the national government and the states should share the power. The Federalist wrote the new constitution of 1824 for Mexico.
Stephen F. Austin was given 100,000 acres of land for being an empresario. He was appointed judge of his colony and was allowed to have a militia to help protect his area between the Brazos and Colorado rivers. The first families to Stephen F. Austin’s colony are revered to as the Old Three Hundred. Stephen Austin is called the Father of Texas because he brought the first settlers from the United States to live in Texas under the Mexican flag.
Financial Panic of 1819 United States Empresario under Spanish flag Spain 300 years against immigration Spain fearful of filibusters Moses Austin and Slave Richmond travel to Mexico City capitol of New Spain Viceroy or Governor Martinez rejects empresario contract Bareon De Bastop convince governor Martinez to allow empresario contract
Moses Austin dies of pneumonia Stephen Austin travels with Erasmo Seguin a San Antonio citizen to Mexico City to see governor to get contract switched to his name Governor allows empresario contract to be switched to Stephen Austin Stephen Austin chooses area between Brazos and Colorado Rivers for his first colony
Old Three Hundred were the first families to Stephen Austin’s colony Joseph Hawkins loans Stephen Austin money to buy supplies and ship called the Lively Militia a group of citizens who are like an army but serve only when needed Mexico Independence 1821
Believed power should be concentrated in the national government The Centralists support Emperor Agustin de Iturbide to be Mexican leader
Federalists believe power should be shared between the states and national government 1823 Emperor Iturbide is overthrown by the Federalists Federalist write the Mexican constitution on 1824
An individual who carries out rebellious activities in a foreign country
The Spanish word for a land agent whose job it was to bring in new settlers to an area and arrange business transactions
Friend of Moses Austin and representative to the Coahuila and Texas legislature
VOCABULARY Filibuster- an individual who carries out rebellious activities in a foreign country Empresario- the Spanish word for a land agent whose job it was to bring in new settlers to an area and arrange business transactions Petition- a request Survey- measure for size and for boundaries Title- proof of ownership Frontier- the edge of settlement
VOCABULARY Buffer- a shield Tejanos- native Mexicans living in Texas Squatter- a person who settled on land without a title to it Militia- a group of citizens who are like an army but serve only when needed Legislature- law making body Centralists- believed power should be concentrated in the national government Federalists- believed power should be shared between the states and national government
San Felipe de Austin- government center of Stephens Austin’s colony Saltillo- the capital of the state of Coahulia y Tejas Sterling Robertson- leader of the Nashville Company who opposed land claims of Austin Baron de Bastrop- friend of Moses Austin and representative to the Coahuila and Texas legislature
THE SIX FLAGS OF TEXAS Spain France Mexico Republic United States Confederacy
QUIZ LIVELY 1821 What was the name of Stephen Austin’s ship that brought supplies to Texas? What year did Mexico receive its independence from Spain?
QUIZ Brazos and Colorado Old Three Hundred What were the border rivers of Stephen F. Austin’s Colony? What were the first settlers to Stephen Austin’s colony called?
QUIZ Joseph Hawkins Petition What was the name of the person that loaned Stephen Austin money to buy supplies and the ship called the Lively? What vocabulary word means a request?
QUIZ Title Squatter What vocabulary word means proof of ownership? What do we call a person who settled on the land without a title to the land?
QUIZ Empresario Buffer What is the term used by the Mexicans to describe businesspeople who brought in settlers? What vocabulary word means a shield?
QUIZ Frontier Tejanos What word means the edge of settlement? What word means a native Mexican living in Texas?
QUIZ Legislature Militia What vocabulary word means a law making body? What do we call a group of people who are like an army but serve only when needed?