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Moving Toward Nationhood Civics Chapter 4.3. A Clash of Views England Believed that the colonists were represented in Parliament Colonies Parliament didn’t.

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Presentation on theme: "Moving Toward Nationhood Civics Chapter 4.3. A Clash of Views England Believed that the colonists were represented in Parliament Colonies Parliament didn’t."— Presentation transcript:

1 Moving Toward Nationhood Civics Chapter 4.3

2 A Clash of Views England Believed that the colonists were represented in Parliament Colonies Parliament didn’t understand the needs of the colony Representation was through the colonial legislatures

3 Trade Parliament said colonist could only trade with England Colonists wanted freedom to sell goods to any country Even though angry with England, many remain loyal

4 “No Taxation Without Representation” Colonists supported England against the French (French and Indian War) – Parliament wants taxes to help pay off war debt – Colonists believe in “No taxation without representation” even though they have a representative in Parliament – Parliament angry at colonists, so give colonial governors more power

5 Committees of Correspondence Organized to pass information & news from one colony to another Discussed England’s violation of their rights Eventually, many feel a united front against England is necessary Congress is formed

6 First Continental Congress 1774 Philadelphia 12 of 13 colonies met Wanted to convince England to respect colonies rights Threaten Parliament –will end trade with England Will meet in one year to discuss improvements with England

7 Second Continental Congress Situation in America not improving between Britain and colonies 2 nd Congress met in 1775 (Philadelphia) Patrick Henry argued for total separation from Britain, others fearful of separation Thomas Paine’s Common Sense great influencer After long discussions, & disagreements, Congress decides to declare independence

8 Thomas Paine Paine wrote the pamphlet, Common Sense was an English- American political activist, philosopher, author, political theorist and revolutionary Wrote several influential pamphlets at start of American Revolution, he inspired Patriots in 1776 to declare independence

9 State Constitutions Each state created a constitution States were spelling out the limits of government Most included citizen’s rights Put limits on governors Most had three branches of government, with legislature having the most power

10 Articles of Confederation Colonist didn’t want to give power to a central government Disagreements on representation in Congress Articles of Confederation (an loose alliance with states) passed in 1777 Called for a national legislature (each state w/equal vote), no executive or judicial branches of government

11 continued…………………. Articles could: – Declare war – Make treaties with foreign countries – Make trade agreements between states Articles could not: – Tax – Enforce laws made by the legislative body So, most of the power remained with the states.

12 Post-War Economy Congress and individual states were in debt Money borrowed to fund the war Were unable to pay off debts-no silver or gold to back up printed money Confidence in American money was at an all time low Trade was halted with England Manufactured goods in states cost more than imports from England U.S. government didn’t have the power to tax goods

13 Shay’s Rebellion Poor economy very hard on farmers Many go in-debt and because of restrictions from government, they can’t sell in English markets State legislatures must raise funds, so tax the land to decrease debt If farmers don’t pay taxes, then land will be sold by local courts

14 continued……………….. Massachusetts farmers rebel against government in 1778 The leader was Daniel Shay so conflict is called Shay’s Rebellion State militia is called in to stop the rebellion National government did not have the means to put down local/state rebellions

15 continued………………. Because of Shay’s Rebellion, many Americans called for a stronger national government Believed it would keep law and order and help the economy Realized that Articles of Confederation were too weak 13 United States would make a stronger country


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