Presentation on theme: "A Loose Confederation Learning Objectives:"— Presentation transcript:
1A Loose Confederation Learning Objectives: Chapter 7Section 1A Loose ConfederationPgsLearning Objectives:SWBAT tell why each new state made a constitution and tell what the new Constitutions were like.SWBAT describe America’s first government, the Articles of Confederation.SWBAT explain the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and tell why it did not last.SWBAT explain the importance of the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance.SWBAT explain what happened in Shay’s Rebellion and tell why the colonies needed to change or replace the A.O.C.
2A Loose Confederation TIME LINE Pgs.200-204 Chapter 7Section 1PgsTIME LINEFighting breaks out in Lexington and Concord, theAmerican Revolution begins.1776 July 4th, the Continental Congress passes theDeclaration of Independence. America becomes anation.The Continental Congress passes America’s firstgovernment, the Articles of Confederation.States pass their own constitutions, setting up stategovernments.The peace treaty is signed, ending the RevolutionaryWar.The states call a meeting to fix the A.O.C.
3A Loose Confederation Setting the Scene Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Setting the ScenePg.200
5A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation The State Write ConstitutionsPg.200As colonies became states, they wrote out constitutions to explain how their new governments would work without the laws of the King of England.
6A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation The State Write ConstitutionsPg.200The states wanted to accomplish two mainthings when writing their constitutions:1. They wanted to spell out all of the rights of the citizens.2. They wanted to limit the power of the government.
8A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation The State Write ConstitutionsPg.200Most state governments only had two branches:- a legislative branch to pass laws- an executive branch (a governor) to carry outthe lawsMany state governments also had a bill of rights or list of rights guaranteed to the citizens.* Note: There was not a judicial branch in many original state constitutions because there were many local courts to handle disputes.
12A Loose Confederation Limited Powers Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Limited PowersPg.201The Articles of Confederation (A.O.C.)a one branch- legislative (Congress) and each stategets one representative (one vote)could pass laws with 9 votes out of 13 stateshad the power to:declare warappoint military officerscoin (print) moneymake treaties with foreign countriesrequest (ask for) moneyset up a post office
13A Loose Confederation Limited Powers Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Limited PowersPg.201The Statesregulate their own trademake laws about taxescould coin (print) theirown moneycould act independentlyon most issueswere responsible toenforce the national lawsThe A.O.C.declare warappoint military officerscoin (print) moneymake treatiesrequest (ask for) moneyset up a post office
14A Loose Confederation Dispute Over Western Lands Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Dispute Over Western LandsPg
16A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the ConfederationPg.202
17A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the ConfederationPg.202
18A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the ConfederationPg.202Many states did not enforce the laws properly whichmade any national laws and the national governmentweak.When states argued with each other, the A.O.C. coulddo nothing to solve it because there was no Judicial orExecutive branches.Since the A.O.C. could not tax the states, it printed itsown paper money which became nearly worthlessbecause it had nothing of value to back it up.Foreign countries took advantage of the weakness ofthe A.O.C. government by disobeying it.
20A Loose Confederation The Northwest Territory Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation The Northwest TerritoryPg.203
21Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation Admitting New StatesPg.203Two positive laws passed by the A.O.C. government:The Land Ordinance of set up a system for settling the Northwest Territory.The Northwest Ordinance - set up a government for the Northwest Territory. AND… set up a way to admit new states to the nation.
22A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785 Chapter 7Section 1Pg.203After the land was surveyed (measured to see how big it was), it was divided into townships which were six miles by six miles square.Each township could then be divided into one mile by one mile sections to be sold for $640 each.One central section (usually section 16) was set aside to support public schools and other government buildings.Eventually people divided the one mile by one mile sections even smaller and sold pieces.
23A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785 Chapter 7Section 1Pg.203A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785
24A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785 Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785Pg.203
25A Loose Confederation The Northwest Ordinance Chapter 7Section 1Pg.203Set up a system to admit new states:after there were 60,000 free settlers living in a territory and it had passed a written constitution, a territory could ask Congress to admit it as a state.A new state would have equal “standing”/power with the other states
26A Loose Confederation A Call for Change Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation A Call for ChangePg.204
31A Loose Confederation A Convention is Called Chapter 7Section 1A Loose Confederation A Convention is CalledPg.204
32A Loose Confederation A Convention is Called Chapter 7Section 1Pg.204As a result of Shays’ Rebellion, many Americans acknowledged that the A.O.C. government was not working well. Several states called for a convention to fix the A.O.C. The meeting was set for May of 1787 in Philadelphia.“I predict the worst consequences from a half-starved, limping government, always movingupon crutches and tottering at every step.”