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A Loose Confederation Learning Objectives: SWBAT tell why each new state made a constitution and tell what the new Constitutions were like. SWBAT describe.

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Presentation on theme: "A Loose Confederation Learning Objectives: SWBAT tell why each new state made a constitution and tell what the new Constitutions were like. SWBAT describe."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Loose Confederation Learning Objectives: SWBAT tell why each new state made a constitution and tell what the new Constitutions were like. SWBAT describe America’s first government, the Articles of Confederation. SWBAT explain the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and tell why it did not last. SWBAT explain the importance of the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance. SWBAT explain what happened in Shay’s Rebellion and tell why the colonies needed to change or replace the A.O.C. Pgs Chapter 7 Section 1

2 TIME LINE 1775 Fighting breaks out in Lexington and Concord, the American Revolution begins. 1776July 4th, the Continental Congress passes the Declaration of Independence. America becomes a nation The Continental Congress passes America’s first government, the Articles of Confederation. States pass their own constitutions, setting up state governments The peace treaty is signed, ending the Revolutionary War The states call a meeting to fix the A.O.C. Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pgs

3 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Setting the Scene Pg.200

4 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pg.200

5 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Pg.200 As colonies became states, they wrote out constitutions to explain how their new governments would work without the laws of the King of England.

6 The states wanted to accomplish two main things when writing their constitutions: 1. They wanted to spell out all of the rights of the citizens. 2. They wanted to limit the power of the government. Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Pg.200

7 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pg.201

8 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The State Write Constitutions Pg.200 Most state governments only had two branches: - a legislative branch to pass laws - an executive branch (a governor) to carry out the laws Many state governments also had a bill of rights or list of rights guaranteed to the citizens. * Note: There was not a judicial branch in many original state constitutions because there were many local courts to handle disputes.

9 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pg.201

10 Passed by the Continental Congress in 1877 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The Articles of Confederation Pg.201

11 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Limited Powers Pg.201

12 The Articles of Confederation (A.O.C.) a one branch- legislative (Congress) and each state gets one representative (one vote) could pass laws with 9 votes out of 13 states had the power to: -declare war -appoint military officers -coin (print) money -make treaties with foreign countries -request (ask for) money -set up a post office Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Limited Powers Pg.201

13 The A.O.C. -declare war -appoint military officers -coin (print) money -make treaties -request (ask for) money -set up a post office The States -regulate their own trade -make laws about taxes -could coin (print) their own money -could act independently on most issues -were responsible to enforce the national laws Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Limited Powers Pg.201

14 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Dispute Over Western Lands Pg

15 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pg

16 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Pg.202

17 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Pg.202

18 Many states did not enforce the laws properly which made any national laws and the national government weak. When states argued with each other, the A.O.C. could do nothing to solve it because there was no Judicial or Executive branches. Since the A.O.C. could not tax the states, it printed its own paper money which became nearly worthless because it had nothing of value to back it up. Foreign countries took advantage of the weakness of the A.O.C. government by disobeying it. Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Weaknesses of the Confederation Pg.202

19 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Pg.203

20 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The Northwest Territory Pg.203

21 Two positive laws passed by the A.O.C. government: The Land Ordinance of set up a system for settling the Northwest Territory. The Northwest Ordinance - set up a government for the Northwest Territory. AND… set up a way to admit new states to the nation. Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Admitting New States Pg.203

22 After the land was surveyed (measured to see how big it was), it was divided into townships which were six miles by six miles square. Each township could then be divided into one mile by one mile sections to be sold for $640 each. One central section (usually section 16) was set aside to support public schools and other government buildings. Eventually people divided the one mile by one mile sections even smaller and sold pieces. Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785 Pg.203

23 Chapter 7 Section 1 Pg.203 A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785

24 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The Land Ordinance of 1785 Pg.203

25 Set up a system to admit new states: after there were 60,000 free settlers living in a territory and it had passed a written constitution, a territory could ask Congress to admit it as a state. A new state would have equal “standing”/power with the other states Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation The Northwest Ordinance Pg.203

26 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation A Call for Change Pg.204

27 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Farmers Revolt Pg.204

28 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Farmers Revolt Pg.204 The Start of Shays’ Rebellion

29 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Farmers Revolt Pg.204

30 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation Farmers Revolt Pg.204

31 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation A Convention is Called Pg.204

32 Chapter 7 Section 1 A Loose Confederation A Convention is Called Pg.204 As a result of Shays’ Rebellion, many Americans acknowledged that the A.O.C. government was not working well. Several states called for a convention to fix the A.O.C. The meeting was set for May of 1787 in Philadelphia. “I predict the worst consequences from a half- starved, limping government, always moving upon crutches and tottering at every step.”


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