3Mystery of RoanokeCharter granted by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Walter Raleigh(Charter – a document granting the recipient the right to settle a colony)First group arrived in 1585Colonist experienced an extremely hard winterColonist gave up and went back to England
4Roanoke….. Take Two White tried to start another colony in 1587 91 Men, 17 Women and 9 ChildrenShortly after they arrived White’s wife gave birth to their daughterVirginia Dare (first English child born)White leaves for England for supplies
5Roanoke Mystery Left for 3 Years When he arrived back he found Croatoan carved on a tree where the colony was.No one knows today where they went
6Reasons for leaving England Religious ReasonDecent, Disagree – change churchPersecution – mistreated for religious beliefsNeed for resourcesLand, goldSuccess of SpainEnglish sent chartersCharter – Permission from England to start colony
7Different Groups Puritans Pilgrims All left for different religious reasons
8Jamestown First permanent English settlement Faced many hardships Looking for goldUnpreparedFaced many hardshipsCaptain John Smith (27) forced settlers to work and built ties with Powhatan Tribe and their leader (Powhatan)
12Different Groups Puritans The Puritans were a group of people who (wanted to “purify”) the corruption and Church of England.The Church of England was the official church in England.
13PuritansPuritans believed that the final authority came from the Bible, not from church officials. Everyone had access to the word of God.Some Puritans wanted to completely separate from the Church of England (Separatists).The group of Pilgrims who came on the Mayflower were Separatists.
14Puritans10 years after the Mayflower, a group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop landed in New England and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.They were still loyal to the Church of England, but believed they could purify the behavior of individuals (purify the Church from within)