Vocab Charter Burgess Dissented Persecuted Tolerance
Mystery of Roanoke Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Walter Raleigh (Charter – a document granting the recipient the right to settle a colony) First group arrived in 1585 Colonist experienced an extremely hard winter Colonist gave up and went back to England
Roanoke….. Take Two White tried to start another colony in Men, 17 Women and 9 Children Shortly after they arrived White’s wife gave birth to their daughter Virginia Dare (first English child born) White leaves for England for supplies
Roanoke Mystery Left for 3 Years When he arrived back he found Croatoan carved on a tree where the colony was. No one knows today where they went
Reasons for leaving England Religious Reason Decent, Disagree – change church Persecution – mistreated for religious beliefs Need for resources Land, gold Success of Spain English sent charters Charter – Permission from England to start colony
Different Groups Puritans Pilgrims All left for different religious reasons
Jamestown First permanent English settlement Looking for gold Unprepared Faced many hardships Captain John Smith (27) forced settlers to work and built ties with Powhatan Tribe and their leader (Powhatan)
Virginia Expands Virginia company offered a headright (land grant of 50 acres for settlers who paid their own way) More people moved to Virginia Started planting Tobacco (cashcrop)
Reading Like a Historian Mini Lecture
Different Groups Puritans The Puritans were a group of people who (wanted to “purify”) the corruption and Church of England. The Church of England was the official church in England.
Puritans Puritans believed that the final authority came from the Bible, not from church officials. Everyone had access to the word of God. Some Puritans wanted to completely separate from the Church of England (Separatists). The group of Pilgrims who came on the Mayflower were Separatists.
Puritans 10 years after the Mayflower, a group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop landed in New England and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They were still loyal to the Church of England, but believed they could purify the behavior of individuals (purify the Church from within)