Presentation on theme: "“The Nation’s Beginnings”"— Presentation transcript:
1 “The Nation’s Beginnings” U.S. History IStandard Review:“The Nation’s Beginnings”Chapter 1 Section 1Standard 9.1 and 9.3
2 Cultures Collide!Native American (American Indian): Scientist trace native roots to Asia. In theory, they believe that Natives migrated across the Bering “Land Bridge” (Time Period Debatable)The Europeans: 1492: Age of ExplorationChristopher Columbus: “Discovered the New World”Conquistadors: Spanish “Conquerors” take over much of Latin America. ( )Colombian Exchange: Movement of goods between Europe, Africa, Asia, and the AmericasWest African: Many slaves were brought to the Americas from Sub-Sahara Africa during the “Triangle Trade” between Europe, Africa, and the AmericasMiddle Passage: Route from Africa to North America
3 Triangle Trade and Middle Passage: Does Human Slavery Exist Today?
4 “The American Revolution” U.S. History IChapter 1 Section 2“The American Revolution”Standards 1.1,1.2, and 9.3
5 The Birth of Colonial America 1215: Magna Carta: King John: Limited King’s Power and protected people’s right to own property and have a trial by jury1607: English Establish Jamestown in VirginiaHouse of Burgesses: Legislature elected by Virginia planters that set up a relationship with a “Royal Governor” appointed by the King of England1620: Mayflower Compact: Plymouth, MA: Set up “self-government” system.1688: English Bill of Rights: William and Mary: Stated that the King could not raise taxes or build an army w/o Parliament’s consent.1700’s: Enlightenment: Problems could be solved through human reasonSocial Contract: People give government its power and “permission” to rule over them. Government’s role is “to protect” the people. (John Locke and Montesquieu)1740’s: Great Awakening: Religious Movement to “Revive” Church
6 Causes of the American Revolution : French and Indian War: Britain and France were at war in Europe and it spread to N. America. Native American’s also involved. BRITISH WIN1764: Sugar Act: British pass tax on imported sugar to pay war debt. Colonist resisted by Boycotting British goods1765: Stamp Act: British tax all legal documents (Paper) Son’s of Liberty and Daughter’s of Liberty Protest1766: Stamp Act repealed (Reversed)1767: Townsend Acts: Tax on many items in colonies. Colonist Boycott Again1770: Boston Massacre: British Troops kill 5 colonists during tax protest: Townsend Acts Repealed1773: Boston Tea Party: Colonist protest Tea Tax by dumping Tea into Boston Harbor1774: Intolerable Acts: Britain “punished” colonies by imposing harsh measures: “writs of assistance” (search w/o warrant) First Continental Congress Meets1775: Lexington and Concord: First shots of American Revolution fired.New England raises militia: Minutemen: Patriot soldiers (New England’s Football Team?)July 4th, 1776: Declaration of Independence: Philadelphia, PA: Thomas Jefferson“ That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness…”What are Philadelphia’s NBA and NFL nicknames?George Washington: Picked to lead the PATRIOT ARMY.1781: Yorktown: Washington Defeated Cornwalis.1783: Treaty of Paris: U.S. gained independence and territory from The East Coast to the Mississippi River
8 Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and Hamilton U.S. History IChapter 1 Section 3“The Constitution”1.1, 1.2, 9.2Washington, Jefferson, Madison, and Hamilton
9 Building a Constitution Articles of Confederation: Power remained with states: Kept Federal Government weakNorthwest Territory: Land north of Ohio River: Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Slavery banned in territories.Shay’s Rebellion: Farmer’s rebelled to avoid foreclosures. Exposed weakness of Federal Government… something new was needed
10 The Constitution 1787: James Madison: The Father of the Constitution The Great Compromise: New Jersey Plan: favored small states while the Virginia Plan favored large. Compromise was to set up a TWO level Federal Gov’t.Senate = each state received two (small state plan)House of Representatives = based on population (big state plan)3/5ths clause for slavesRatify: Officially approve: 9 of 13 Colonies needed for approvalFederalists: Supported Constitution (Madison, Hamilton, Hay) Federalist PapersAnti-federalists: Against Constitution (Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams) NO BILL OF RIGHT’S and GOVERNMENT WAS TOO POWERFUL1789: Congress Passed Bill of Rights1791: Constitution RatifiedGeorge Washington Became President
11 Principles of Constitution: The “Promise of America” Popular Sovereignty: People are source of AuthorityLimited Government PowerFederalism: State and Federal Gov’t SHARE powerSeparation of Power: Three BranchesChecks and Balances: Each Branch Checks the Power of othersRepresentative Government: Citizens elect people to represent themIndividual Rights: Constitution Protects certain rights...speech…etc.
12 Picture: Battle of Fallen Timbers 1794 U.S. History IChapter 1 Sec 4“The New Republic”1.2, 9.3, 9.4Picture: Battle of Fallen Timbers 1794
13 Federalist vs. Republicans 1791: Hamilton and Federalists create “National Bank”Jefferson and the Democratic Republicans challenged HamiltonForeign Policy:Alien Act: Made it harder for immigrants to become citizens OR criticize the governmentSedition Act: Made it illegal to “discredit” a public officialJefferson becomes president during the Revolution of 1800!Marbury vs. Madison: Upheld Judicial Review: Gave Supreme Court Power over President and Congress(rule law unconstitutional)1803: Louisiana Purchase: Purchased from France
14 War of 1812Impressment: British seized U.S. sailors and forced them to serve in British NavyEmbargo: Suspend Trade with country (Britain)1811: With British Agitation: William Henry Harrison battles with an Indian Confederation in Lafayette, Indiana (Tippecanoe)1812: War began with Great Britain1814: Treaty signed to end war*After Treaty: Andrew Jackson defeated British at New Orleans: Becomes Hero!1823: Monroe Doctrine: European Monarchies had NO BUSINESS interfering with American Republics!