2 Table of Contents for Physical Features Atlas MountainsCongo RiverKalahari DesertLake TanganyikaLake VictoriaNiger RiverNile RiverSahara DesertSahel DesertSavannaTropical Rainforest
3 Atlas Mountains Atlas Mountains The Atlas Mountains go through Algeria, Tunisia, Jaubal Taubkal, and Morocco.Since these mountains are between the Mediterranean Basin and the Sahara Desert. The climate on one side is better for farming while the climate on the other side is drier and not very good for farming.The Atlas Mountains are very rich in minerals, phosphates, coal, iron, and oil.Some very unique animals live in these mountains. Most are already extinct or endangered like bears, elephants, leopards, lions, and sheep.These mountains are in northwest Africa.
4 Congo RiverCongo RiverThe Congo River goes through Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Burundi, and Rwanda. It is actually western central.It dumps out into the Atlantic Ocean.It is the largest river in the western central part of Africa.This river is used for trading things like: cotton, copper, palm oil, sugar, and coffee. It is also used for hydroelectricity.This river is exactly 2922 miles long.
5 Kalahari DesertKalahari DesertThe Kalahari Desert goes through Botswana, South Africa, and Namibia.It is in the south western part of Africa.Some animals are able to live in this desert. Only because this is not exactly a desert. It does get very warm temperatures but it also gets at least 7 inches of rain per year!In the summer it gets to be about 68 to 113 degrees Fahrenheit.It is about 350,00 square miles long.
6 Lake TanganyikaLake TanganyikaLake Tanganyika goes through Tanzania, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Zambia. Which is in the south eastern part of Africa.This lake flow into the Congo River which dumps into the Atlantic Ocean.Some boats carry people and cargo across the eastern side of the lake.John Speke and Richard Burton were trying to find the Nile River when they discovered Lake Tanganyika in 1858.This river is exactly 418 miles long and 45 miles wide.
7 Lake VictoriaLake VictoriaLake Victoria goes through Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. It is located in the central eastern part of Africa.It is exactly 209 miles long and 160 miles wide.The pollution in Lake Victoria is caused by raw sewage, industrial waste, fertilizers, and chemicals.This is the worlds third-largest lake but in terms of mass it is the seventh-largest.United Kingdom named the lake after Queen Victoria.
8 Niger RiverNiger RiverThe Niger River goes through Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, and Nigeria.This river is in the north western part of Africa.The Niger River is exactly 2,600 miles long.The Niger is the third-longest river in Africa.The main resource that comes from the Niger River is oil.
9 Nile River The Nile River is the longest river in the world. This river is exactly 4184 miles long.It goes through a total of nine countries: Ethiopia, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and Sudan, and Egypt.The Nile River has very fertile river.It is on the central eastern part of Africa.
10 Sahara DesertSahara DesertThe Sahara Desert covers 9 million square miles of Africa.It goes through Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Libya, Egypt, and Sudan.It is located in Northern Africa and it is bordered by the Red Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.The Sahara Desert got snow only once on February 18, Even though it did snow it melted in a few hours.People do actually live in the Sahara Desert.
11 Sahel DesertSahel DesertThe Sahel Desert goes through Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. It is in the central part of Africa.This desert starts on the west where the Atlantic Ocean is and it stretches across to the Red Sea.It lays across the center area of Africa and it is 2400 miles long.The Sahel Desert is made up of grasslands, savannas, steppes, and shrub lands.This desert used to be fertile land but then the Sahara and the Kalahari Deserts expanded over this area.
12 SavannaSavannaSavanna is the area surrounding the Sahel Desert. It is around central western to central eastern.It is a tropical or subtropical grassland.Though the savanna is dry at points it is home to a variety of animals.Africa has the biggest area dedicated to the Savanna in the whole world.Savanna’s are just waiting to be hit with a wildfire. Since it is so dry the fire spreads very quickly.
13 Tropical RainforestTropical RainforestThe Tropical Rainforest goes through Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Zaire, Liberia, and part of the Central African Republic. It is located in central western Africa.If you notice on the picture here the Tropical Rainforest is in the center area of Africa.There are a big variety of animals and plants in and around the rainforest.On the forest floor there are many different types of insects and other animals.Some of the types of animals that are in this forest are mammals and birds.
14 Table of Contents Democratic Republic of the Congo Egypt Kenya Nigeria South AfricaSudan
15 Democratic Republic of the Congo The government type of this country is the republic and the citizen participation is a democracy.They earned their independence from Belgium on JuneThey are the worlds-largest cobalt ore producers.It is in the part of Africa and is bordered by Atlantic Ocean.Most of the population is Roman Catholic and some others are Protestant.
16 Egypt The male literacy is 83% while the female literacy is 59.4%. Their government type is a republic and their citizen participation is democracy.They export many items like crude oil, petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, and chemicals. They import machinery, equipment, foods, chemicals, wood products, and fuels.It is located in northern Africa next to the Mediterranean Sea.Their climate is very dry in the summer but moderate winters.
17 KenyaKenyaThey have many different religions for example Protestant and some Roman Catholic.It is located in Eastern Africa near the Indian Ocean.They have so many different natural resources like limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, and hydropower.They also have exports for example tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, and cement. Some of there Imports are machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron, steel, resins, and plastics.This country’s government type is republic and their citizen participation is a democracy.
18 NigeriaNigeriaNigeria has a few different languages like English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, and Fulani.It is located in Western Africa and it is near the Gulf of Guinea.Their climate varies but it is tropical in the center and very dry up north.Some of their natural resources are natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, and arable land.Their government type is a federal republic and their citizen participation is a democracy.
19 South Africa It is located on the southern tip of Africa. They have a lot of natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem, diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, and natural gas.The male literacy rate for the men is 87% while the women is 85.7%This country’s government type is republic. The citizen participation is a democracy.Their GDP is about 10,000 dollars per capita.
20 Sudan Sudan is in Northern Africa and it borders the Red Sea. Their climate is different from others. It is tropical in the south and it is very dry up north.Their main religion is Sunni Muslim but they do have some Christian.The male have a literacy rate of 71.8% and the female have a literacy rate of 50.5%.Their government type is shared between a group of people while their citizen participation is a oligarchy.
21 EgyptSudanNigeriaKenyaDemocratic Republic of the CongoSouth Africa
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