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A Satellite View Africa’s Size # Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. # 10% of the world’s population. # 2 ½ times the size of the U. S. 5000MILES5000MILES.

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Presentation on theme: "A Satellite View Africa’s Size # Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. # 10% of the world’s population. # 2 ½ times the size of the U. S. 5000MILES5000MILES."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 A Satellite View

3 Africa’s Size # Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. # 10% of the world’s population. # 2 ½ times the size of the U. S. 5000MILES5000MILES M I L E S

4 Bodies Of Water Nile River Congo River Niger River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea Lake Victoria <--Gulf of Aden Okavango Swamp/River

5 The Nile River Longest River in the World White Nile and Blue Nile meet in Sudan to form the Nile River Flows northward, emptying in the Mediterranean Sea Without the annual flooding in Egypt land would not be arable

6 The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”

7 SUEZ CANAL Located in Egypt Divides the mainland Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula Connects the Mediterranean Sea with Red Sea One third the distance that it was before

8 SUEZ CANAL

9 The Congo River Basin # Covers 12% of the continent. # Extends over 9 countries. # 2,720 miles long. # 99% of the country of Congo is in the Congo River basin.

10 CONGO RIVER BASIN Located near the equator in central and western Africa This is where the majority of Africa’s tropical rain forests are located

11 The Niger River Basin # Covers 7.5% of the continent. # Extends over 10 countries. # 2,600 miles long.

12 Drajensburg Mts. Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Mountains & Peaks Atlas Mts.

13 The African Plateau

14 Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert

15 The Sahara Desert

16 Desertification

17 The Sahel

18 SAHEL Semi-arid region just south of the Sahara Dry grasslands with scattered trees Desertification is a growing problem –Growing of the desert caused by climate changes and over grazing

19 Valleys & Plains Great Rift Valley

20 Mount Kilimanjaro: Africa’s highest mountain at 19,341 feet Located on the Equator in Tanzania near Kenya Formed by volcanic activity from the Great Rift Valley Only year round snow capped mountain in Africa –Known in Swahili as “Shining Mountain”

21 Mt. Kilimanjaro: Snow on the Equator?

22 SAVANNAS Tropical grasslands with scattered trees and shrubs This is where many of the African Safaris take place Large populations of wildlife Serengeti – means “endless plains” –Largest mammal migration and game reserve

23 The African Savannah: 13 million sq. mi.

24 Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long

25 Seismic Activity in Africa

26 African Rain Forest # Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. # Rapid decomposition (very humid). # Covers 37 countries. # 15% of the land surface of Africa.

27 Africa: The “Tropical” Continent Tropic of Cancer 20° N Tropic of Capricorn 20° S Equator 0°

28 Vegetation Zones

29 African Trade Winds

30 Lake Victoria Located in the middle of the Great Rift Valley of Eastern Africa It is a shallow depression Largest lake in Africa

31 Victoria Falls Forms a border between Zambia and Zimbabwe Largest waterfall in the world

32 Okavango Swamp/River Worlds largest inland river delta River is absorbed by the Kalahari Desert Large game reserve in the desert

33 Kalahari Desert Largest Desert in southern Africa Has many oasis which makes it habitable Oasis – vegetated areas in a desert caused by fresh water springs

34 CAPE OF GOOD HOPE Southern most point of Africa Converging currents from the Indian and Atlantic Oceans make waters dangerous for sailing but great wildlife South African Penguins Only Place in the world Great Whites breach

35 The Complete Topography Of AFRICA Nile River Congo River  ---Victoria Falls Niger River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L.ake Victoria <--Gulf of Aden Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Great Rift Valley Atlas Mts. Tropic of Cancer 20° N Tropic of Capricorn 20° S Equator 0° Okavnago Swap/River Suez Canal

36 Africa Physical Geography Mediterranean Sea Suez Canal Red Sea Gulf of Aden Indian Ocean Atlantic Ocean Congo River Nile River Niger River Lake Victoria Atlas Mountains Drajensburg Mountains Mount Kilimanjaro Sahara Desert Sahel Great Rift Valley Victoria Falls Okavango River Kalahari Desert Cape of Good Hope

37 Countries Of Africa Mali South Africa Senegal Congo Rwanda Burundi Egypt Sudan Somalia Ethiopia Nigeria


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