2GPS and E.Q.GPS: SS7G1.a. The student will locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Sahara, Sahel, savanna, tropical rainforest, Congo River, Niger River, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Atlas Mountains, and Kalahari Desert.E.Q.: How do I locate selected features on a map of Africa?
3Africa is an enormous continent. It has almost every type of climate and geography.
4Atlas Mountain Range Northern Africa Group of mountains Separates coastal regions from Sahara
5Sahara Across entire width of northern Africa Largest desert in the worldHas sand dunes, rolling rocky hills, and gravel plainsFew people live hereTravel by caravan, jeeps and trucks
6Sahel South of Sahara Dry, semi-arid region Desertification – people cut down trees and let animals overgraze – causes drier soil and erosion
7savanna Middle of Africa, close to equator Grassland Many animals (lions, giraffes, elephants, zebras…)Farming good when it rains
8Tropical Rainforests Along central coast Hot, humid climate, dense, tall treesHome to many speciesThreat: rapid population growth – fuel needs = more trees cut down than can be replanted
9Kalahari Desert Southern part of Africa Surrounded by semi-arid areas – desertification here, too
10Lake VictoriaLargest lake in Africa; largest tropical lake in the world
11Lake Tanganyika2nd largest & deepest freshwater lake in the world (4820 feet deep)
12Nile River Longest river in the world Begins in central mountains as White Nile & Blue NileFlows NORTH miles to Mediterranean Sea at Alexandria, EgyptWhite Nile begins at Lake Victoria
13Congo River Flows 3,000 miles through central and west Africa Through largest rainforest in Africa (2nd largest in the world)Begins near Lake TanganyikaEmpties into Atlantic Ocean
14Niger River 3rd largest river in Africa Flows from Guinea 2,600+ miles to Atlantic OceanMouth of river is called “oil delta” because of petroleum industry there
15Independent WorkUsing a map of Africa, locate and label the following geographic features:Sahara and Kalahari DesertsSahelSavannaTropical rainforestsCongo, Niger, and Nile RiversLakes Tanganyika and VictoriaAtlas Mountains
16SummaryHow is Africa similar to the U.S. geographically? How is it different?