Presentation on theme: "Eric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson"— Presentation transcript:
1Eric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson 16.2 War in the EastEric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson
2The First Battle of Bull Run Joe Nelson & Vince Bobbitt
3FactsPeople came to watch battle in a holiday mood, happy and cheery, they thought the Union was going to pull off a quick winUnion had 35,000 barely trained soldiers led by Brigade Gen. Irvin McDowellConfederate had 22,000 troopsFor 2 days, Union troops tried to avoid Confederate troops and cross the creek Bull Run, and Confederates got reinforcements at the timeJuly 21, battle began “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall!” cried one southern officer, and General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson earned his famous nickname.
4Facts Continued The Confederates let out their “rebel yell” It was really terrifying and many Union soldiers fledUnion soldiers tried to retreat orderly, but road was clogged with spectatorsThe First Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War, and the Confederates’ victory.The battle is also known as the First Battle of ManassasShattered the North’s hopes of winning the war quickly
5The ResultThe loss at Bull Run persuaded Lincoln to get a better army, so he put hopes in General George B. McClellanMcClellan assembled an army of 100,000 men and trained themThe army was called the Army of the Potomac
7Peninsular CampaignPeninsular Campaign – General George B. McClellan’s plan to capture Richmond, the Confederate capitolMoved slowly in the peninsula between the James & York RiversSouth feared reinforcements – sent Stonewall Jackson to attack WashingtonAttack stopped, but prevented Union reinforcements
8Seven Days’ BattlesRobert E. Lee became commander of the Confederate Army in Virginia in 1862Attacked the Union Army near Richmond – Seven Days’ BattlesForced Union Army to retreatLee saved RichmondNot all attacks won by Confederates: General D. H. Hill said of one failed attack, “It was not war—it was murder”
10Second Battle Of Bull Run After the Seven Days’ Battles, Lincoln told General John Pope to march on RichmondPope told his soldiers, “Let us look before us and not behind. Success and glory are in the advance.”Stonewall Jackson wanted to stop Pope from reaching the Army of the PotomacThey met up and fought the Second Battle of Bull Run
11The Second Battle Of Bull Run Continued First Day-Captain George Fairfield recalled, “What a slaughter! No one appeared to know the object of the fight, and there we stood for one hour, the men falling all around.”Second day-Pope tried to crush Confederates, but failed, heavy casualties occurred on both sidesThird Day- Union got crushed very hard
12Result Confederates won a great victory Robert E. Lee decided to take the war to the NorthTried to get victory on Northern soilBAM!Antietam happened!
14Robert E. Lee Born in 1807 in Virginia Fought in Mexican-American War After start of Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln asked him if he would like to lead the Union ArmyLee declined and, after resigning from the Union Army, became general for Confederate Army
15Battle Plan Confederate General Robert E. Lee wanted victory in North On September 4, 1862, 40,000 Confederate troops came into Maryland, a Union stateLee divided army: about 20,000 troops went to Harpers Ferry, Virginia under Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, defeated the Union force and captured the townLee and his half of the army went to Fredrick, Maryland and Lee issued a Proclamation to the People of Maryland; to try to get the townspeople to join the ConfederatesHowever, the people stayed with the UnionUnion troops found a copy of Lee’s plan, left at an abandoned camp
16Meeting UpGeneral George B. McClellan’s Union forces met Lee’s Confederate troops along Antietam Creek in Maryland on September 17, 1862Battle lasted for a dayUnion lost 12,000 soldiersConfederacy lost 13,000 menThe Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in United States historyAlso known as the Battle of SharpsburgMore soldiers killed or wounded than combined deaths of Americans in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the Mexican-American WarImportant Union victory - stopped Lee’s northern advance
18Breaking the Union’s Blockade Fought for control of the landThe Union navy controlled the seaNorth had most of the U.S. Navy’s small fleetNaval officers remained loyal to UnionHad enough industry to build more shipsNavy quickly mobilized to set up a blockade of southern portsPrevented South from selling or receiving goodsHard to maintain - Union navy patrolled thousands of miles of coastline from Virginia to TexasSouth used small, fast ships to out-run the larger Union warshipsNaval fleet traveled to the Bahamas or NassauReduced number of ships entering southern ports (6,000 to 800 per year)
19Clash of the Ironclads Confederacy turned to ironclads ships made with ironConfederates captured Union steamshipThe Merrimack (Union steamship) turned into an ironclad and renamed the Virginiasank two Union wooden warshipsThe Union navy built its own ironclad called the MonitorBuilt by John Ericsson with unusual and new featuresPowerful weapons and thick platingThe Virginia and the Monitor fought and the Monitor forced the Virginia to retreatVictory saved Union fleet - continued the blockadeThe ironclads made a revolution of iron naval warfare