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16.2 War in the East Eric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson.

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Presentation on theme: "16.2 War in the East Eric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson."— Presentation transcript:

1 16.2 War in the East Eric Badillo, Vince Bobbitt, Joe Martens, Joe Nelson

2 The First Battle of Bull Run Joe Nelson & Vince Bobbitt

3 Facts People came to watch battle in a holiday mood, happy and cheery, they thought the Union was going to pull off a quick win Union had 35,000 barely trained soldiers led by Brigade Gen. Irvin McDowell Confederate had 22,000 troops For 2 days, Union troops tried to avoid Confederate troops and cross the creek Bull Run, and Confederates got reinforcements at the time July 21, 1861- battle began “There is Jackson standing like a stone wall!” cried one southern officer, and General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson earned his famous nickname.

4 Facts Continued The Confederates let out their “rebel yell” It was really terrifying and many Union soldiers fled Union soldiers tried to retreat orderly, but road was clogged with spectators The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War, and the Confederates’ victory. The battle is also known as the First Battle of Manassas Shattered the North’s hopes of winning the war quickly

5 The Result The loss at Bull Run persuaded Lincoln to get a better army, so he put hopes in General George B. McClellan McClellan assembled an army of 100,000 men and trained them The army was called the Army of the Potomac

6 The Seven Days’ Battles Joe Martens

7 Peninsular Campaign Peninsular Campaign – General George B. McClellan’s plan to capture Richmond, the Confederate capitol Moved slowly in the peninsula between the James & York Rivers South feared reinforcements – sent Stonewall Jackson to attack Washington Attack stopped, but prevented Union reinforcements

8 Seven Days’ Battles Robert E. Lee became commander of the Confederate Army in Virginia in 1862 Attacked the Union Army near Richmond – Seven Days’ Battles Forced Union Army to retreat Lee saved Richmond Not all attacks won by Confederates: General D. H. Hill said of one failed attack, “It was not war—it was murder”

9 The Second Battle of Bull Run Joe Nelson

10 Second Battle Of Bull Run After the Seven Days’ Battles, Lincoln told General John Pope to march on Richmond Pope told his soldiers, “Let us look before us and not behind. Success and glory are in the advance.” Stonewall Jackson wanted to stop Pope from reaching the Army of the Potomac They met up and fought the Second Battle of Bull Run

11 The Second Battle Of Bull Run Continued First Day-Captain George Fairfield recalled, “What a slaughter! No one appeared to know the object of the fight, and there we stood for one hour, the men falling all around.” Second day-Pope tried to crush Confederates, but failed, heavy casualties occurred on both sides Third Day- Union got crushed very hard

12 Result Confederates won a great victory Robert E. Lee decided to take the war to the North Tried to get victory on Northern soil BAM! Antietam happened!

13 Battle of Antietam Joe Martens

14 Robert E. Lee Born in 1807 in Virginia Fought in Mexican-American War After start of Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln asked him if he would like to lead the Union Army Lee declined and, after resigning from the Union Army, became general for Confederate Army

15 Battle Plan Confederate General Robert E. Lee wanted victory in North On September 4, 1862, 40,000 Confederate troops came into Maryland, a Union state Lee divided army: about 20,000 troops went to Harpers Ferry, Virginia under Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, defeated the Union force and captured the town Lee and his half of the army went to Fredrick, Maryland and Lee issued a Proclamation to the People of Maryland; to try to get the townspeople to join the Confederates However, the people stayed with the Union Union troops found a copy of Lee’s plan, left at an abandoned camp

16 Meeting Up General George B. McClellan’s Union forces met Lee’s Confederate troops along Antietam Creek in Maryland on September 17, 1862 Battle lasted for a day Union lost 12,000 soldiers Confederacy lost 13,000 men The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle in United States history Also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg More soldiers killed or wounded than combined deaths of Americans in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the Mexican-American War Important Union victory - stopped Lee’s northern advance

17 Breaking the Union’s Blockade Eric Badillo

18 Fought for control of the land The Union navy controlled the sea North had most of the U.S. Navy’s small fleet Naval officers remained loyal to Union Had enough industry to build more ships Navy quickly mobilized to set up a blockade of southern ports Prevented South from selling or receiving goods Hard to maintain - Union navy patrolled thousands of miles of coastline from Virginia to Texas South used small, fast ships to out-run the larger Union warships Naval fleet traveled to the Bahamas or Nassau Reduced number of ships entering southern ports (6,000 to 800 per year) Breaking the Union’s Blockade

19 Clash of the Ironclads Confederacy turned to ironclads ships made with iron Confederates captured Union steamship The Merrimack (Union steamship) turned into an ironclad and renamed the Virginia sank two Union wooden warships The Union navy built its own ironclad called the Monitor Built by John Ericsson with unusual and new features Powerful weapons and thick plating The Virginia and the Monitor fought and the Monitor forced the Virginia to retreat Victory saved Union fleet - continued the blockade The ironclads made a revolution of iron naval warfare

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22 http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?vide o_id=319492


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