3What would inspire you to keep fighting? Impact of the IndividualImageIn 1863, you have been a Civil War soldier for two years. The life of a soldier is a hard one. The food is awful. Disease is common. Worst of all is the horrible violence and death. Often you feel the urge to run away and go home.What would inspire you to keep fighting?
4• What would you be willing to sacrifice for your country • What would you be willing to sacrifice for your country? What if your country fought for something you did not believe in?• How would the attitudes of fellow soldiers influence your decision?
5January 1863 Emancipation Proclamation is issued. July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg takes place. Union takes Vicksburg.March 1864 Grant is put in charge of all Union armies.November 1864 Lincoln is reelected.ImageApril 1865 Union takes Richmond. Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House. Lincoln is assassinated.To World
6January 1863 Polish nationalists revolt against Russian rule. July 1863 Source of Nile River is found at Lake Victoria in present-day Uganda.June 1864 Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico.September 1864 First International Workingmen’s Association is established, and Karl Marx becomes its leader.September 1865 English officials arrest Fenian leaders of planned uprising in Ireland.Back to U.S.Back to Home
7Main IdeaIn 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which helped to change the war’s course.Why It Matters NowThe Emancipation Proclamation was an important step in ending slavery in the United States.
8RESPONSES TO PROCLAMATION What were the responses to the Emancipation Proclamation?Abolitionists were glad it was issued but wished that it had gone further.Northern Democrats were worried it would prolong the war.RESPONSES TO PROCLAMATIONMost Union soldiers welcomed it.White Southerners were outraged.
9• What was Lincoln’s reason for not emancipating slaves when the war began? • Why was the immediate impact of the Emancipation Proclamation limited?• Why did black soldiers often face greater hardships than white soldiers?
10• how the proclamation changed military policy Recognizing EffectsHow did the Emancipation Proclamation change the role of African Americans in the war?Think About• how the proclamation changed military policy• the response of many Southern slaves to the proclamationBack to Home
11Main IdeaThe Civil War caused social, economic, and political changes in the North and the South.Why It Matters NowSome changes, like the growth of industry, affected Americans long after the end of the Civil War.
12During the later years of the war, how were the conditions in the North and South similar? How were they different?NORTHSOUTHBOTHCopperheads, draft riots, strong industrydissent over war and draft laws, inflation, women’s key role, harsh prison campsfood shortages, great hardship, slave resistance
13• How did the South’s principle of states’ rights undermine the Confederate war effort? • How did the draft laws in the North and South differ?• What conditions at prison camps caused so many to suffer behind enemy lines?
14Making Generalizations What economic changes took place during the Civil War?Think About• the war’s effect on prices• industry and agriculturenew economic measures begun by the governmentBack to Home
15Main IdeaThanks to victories, beginning with Gettysburg and ending with Richmond, the Union survived.Why It Matters NowIf the Union had lost the war, the United States might look very different now.
16What were the key events from Section 3 that occurred between 1862 and 1866? 1864 Grant named head of Union armies; Wilderness; Cold Harbor; Atlanta; Lincoln reelected; SavannahImage1862 Antietam; Fredericksburg186218661863 Chancellorsville; Gettysburg; Vicksburg1865 Richmond falls; surrender at Appomattox
17• Why was the Battle of Gettysburg important? • Why was Northern success in the Siege of Vicksburg important?• How did Grant treat Confederate soldiers after the surrender at Appomattox Court House?Map
18• Sherman’s military strategy ContrastingHow was the Civil War different from wars that Americans had previously fought?Think About• the role of civilians• Sherman’s military strategyBack to Home
19Main IdeaThe Civil War brought great changes and new challenges to the United States.Why It Matters NowThe most important change was the liberation of 4 million enslaved persons.
20What was the social, economic, and political legacy of the Civil War? SOCIETYPOLITICSECONOMY• death and injury• cost of war• government expansion• disruption of lives• Northern industrialization• Thirteenth Amendment• freeing of slaves• Southern labor system destroyed
21• What were some of the human costs of the Civil War? • What did the Thirteenth Amendment achieve?• What was the state of the Southern economy after the Civil War?
22• the reaction of ordinary citizens • its impact on government Making InferencesHow do you think the assassination of President Lincoln affected the nation?Think About• the reaction of ordinary citizens• its impact on governmentBack to Home
241 Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? 2 How did black soldiers aid the war effort?3 How did events on the home front show the toll that war was taking there?4 Why did some people say the Civil War was a “rich man’s war but a poor man’s fight”?5 How did enslaved persons help the Union?
256 Why was the Battle of Gettysburg so important? 7 How did Sherman’s march help the Union?8 How did Grant defeat Lee?9 How was the Thirteenth Amendment different from the Emancipation Proclamation?10 How did the war change the national economy?
26Comparing and Contrasting NORTHSOUTHEMANCIPATION PROCLAMATIONWAR’S IMPACTNORTHERN VICTORIES IN BATTLEUNION WINS CIVIL WARMany people are enthusiastic; Democrats are angeredMost whites are enraged; blacks are elatedMild inflation; new possibilities for womenSevere inflation; bread riots; new possibilities for womenUnion confidence rises; Lincoln wins second termConfederate morale sinks; bid for European recognition is lostIndustrial expansionEnslaved persons liberated; widespread economic devastationBack to Home
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