We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byDarrin Plemmons
Modified about 1 year ago
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Chapter Four Models of Human Service Delivery
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Three Models Medical model Public health model Human service model
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model Oldest treatment model Developed by medical profession Assumes mental disorders are diseases/illnesses Treatment=medication, laboratory studies, physical therapy Psychiatric medication Patient as recipient
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model This approach sees the person coming for help as “sick” or “ill” or otherwise not healthy The physician or service provider is expected to treat and/or cure the disease Historically, the model can be summarized by the following elements: symptom- diagnosis-treatment-cure
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Human Services Mary Richmond authored Social Diagnosis in 1917 and used the medical model to describe social casework The social problem was rooted in the individual The social physician was to heal the complex of conditions leading to the problem
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Corrections The corrections field adopted the medical model during the 1930s The emphasis shifted from punishment to treatment Rehabilitation was the treatment to allow reenter into society Unfortunately, financial constraints limited this approach
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Philippe Pinel ( ) applied the medical model to the field of mental illness Mental disorders were seen as organic in nature and their diagnosis and treatment were a medical matter Hence, those diagnosed with mental illness were to be treated as patients
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Sigmund Freud was initially a proponent of the medical model but would later revolutionize the treatment of mental illness with the psychoanalytic method The patient/client would share thoughts with the therapist and the therapist would interpret the nature of their repression and suggest curative approaches
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Electroshock therapy was developed in the 1940s and use for a variety of conditions through the 1960s It was effective for depression but less so for other conditions
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Subsequent to the 1960s psychotropic medications gained popularity These drugs act upon the brain and are currently the most common approach to the treatment of mental illness The study of the preparation, use, and effect of these drugs is pharmacology
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Psychopharmacology “focuses on the psychological effects of and the use of drugs to treat symptoms of mental and emotional disorders”
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Psychiatric medication Antipsychotics (major tranquilizers) –Haldol, Mellaril, Thorazine Antidepressants (relieve depression) –Elavil, Prozac Antianxiety drugs (minor tranquilizers) –Valium, Librium, Xanax) Narcotic Pain Meds
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Public Health Model Somewhat difficult to define It can be seen as to bridge the gap between medical model and human services model Improving public health means improving education, nutrition, food safety, water supplies, immunization, maternal and child health
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Public Health Model Extension of medical model Focuses on groups in population identified by geography, problems (abuse or poverty), or characteristics (elderly, children) Illness /problem evaluated for impact on individual and on society Treatment=treating individual and societal prevention
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Human Service Model Focuses on interaction between individual and environment Stresses need for balance Client/consumer/customer Focus on interpersonal and environmental conflicts Treatment=problem solving Strengths-based
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Human Service Model Characteristics –Generic focus –Accessible, comprehensive, coordinated –Problem solving approach –Whole person –Accountable to consumer
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Problem Solving Approach General orientation Problem identification Generating alternatives Decision making Evaluation
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Conclusion All three models are in use today Agencies may prefer one over the other depending on mission Workers are usually skilled in and identify with one model
Primary Health Care Dr. Rasha Salama PhD Community Medicine Suez Canal University Egypt.
1 PSYCHOLOGY (9th Edition) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, © 2010.
DEPT. OF PUBLIC HEALTH & PREVENTIVE MEDICINE FACULTY OF MEDICINE-PADJADJARAN UNIVERSITY 2013 THE ORIGINS OF FAMILY MEDICINE.
Washington State Department of Social & Health Services One Department Vision Mission Core set of Values WA Medicaid Mental Health David Reed Supervisor.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter 13 Therapies for Psychological Disorders This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright.
Prepared for PSCI 12: Public Policy and Administration A community-Based Learning Course at Drew University In Partnership with the United Way of Northern.
1Elsevier items and derived items © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Chapter 1 The Health Care System.
Stress and Health Original Content Copyright by HOLT McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
Introduction to Health & Wellness Spring Health Models T he Medical Model was dominant in North America throughout the 20th century. T he Medical.
1 Therapy Chapter 17. Types of Mental Health Care Professionals Counseling psychologist Clinical psychologist Psychoanalyst Clinical social worker Psychiatrist.
Aug 7 09 Co-Occurring Service Array Psychiatric Evaluation Comprehensive Evaluation Medication Monitoring Medications Clinical Consultation Family Therapy.
Co-Occurring Service Array Psychiatric Evaluation Medication Monitoring Clinical Consultation Family Therapy Individual Therapy / Individual Therapy-Crisis.
Psychological Behavioral Biological Diathesis-Stress Models of Mental Illness.
The History of Mental Health Treatment Jess P. Shatkin, MD, MPH Vice Chair for Education NYU Child Study Center New York University School of Medicine.
Depression in adults with a chronic physical health problem Implementing NICE guidance 2009 NICE clinical guideline 91.
Recovery: The Family’s Process of Healing and Hope CMHACY Conference Steve Hornberger, MSW May 2014 Pacific Grove, CA.
Session One Slides Session One - Setting the Scene - developing a framework for understanding mental illness Session Two - Recovery Session Three – Understanding.
Chapter 4: Theory & Approaches to Social Work.
What Is Psychology? Chapter One. Psychology as a Science Definition:
Warm Up 1. Explain the difference between psychological and biomedical therapy? 2. How would a psychoanalytic therapist treat someone? 3. How would a Humanistic.
Diane Grieder, M.Ed AliPar, Inc. NYAPRS Conference September 2011 USING PERSON-CENTERED PLANNING AS A ROADMAP FOR CARE COORDINATION AND BETTER OUTCOMES.
A Model for Program Planning in Health Promotion PRECEDE - PROCEED.
TREATMENT TOOLS. SESSION 8 C This session will identify various treatment tools and techniques that have been found useful in working with a dual diagnosis.
Defining Organizational Behavior The field of organizational behavior traces its roots back to the late 1940s when researchers in psychology, sociology,
Rule 132 New Services Clinical Overview April 2007.
Introduction to Health Studies Health Promotion I Dennis Raphael School of Health Policy and Management York University, Toronto, Canada.
Factors influencing mental illness stigma in Iran: Qualitative study Alireza Momeni, Soroor Parvizy, Nargess Shafaroodi Iran University of Medical Sciences.
Slide 1 Copyright © 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 35 Care of the Patient with a Psychiatric Disorder.
Chapter 3 Models of Abnormality Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Seton Hall University.
Creating Inclusive Classrooms The Ability/Disability Continuum and the Health Dimension Chapter Twelve (c) 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.