We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byDarrin Plemmons
Modified about 1 year ago
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Chapter Four Models of Human Service Delivery
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Three Models Medical model Public health model Human service model
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model Oldest treatment model Developed by medical profession Assumes mental disorders are diseases/illnesses Treatment=medication, laboratory studies, physical therapy Psychiatric medication Patient as recipient
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model This approach sees the person coming for help as “sick” or “ill” or otherwise not healthy The physician or service provider is expected to treat and/or cure the disease Historically, the model can be summarized by the following elements: symptom- diagnosis-treatment-cure
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Human Services Mary Richmond authored Social Diagnosis in 1917 and used the medical model to describe social casework The social problem was rooted in the individual The social physician was to heal the complex of conditions leading to the problem
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Corrections The corrections field adopted the medical model during the 1930s The emphasis shifted from punishment to treatment Rehabilitation was the treatment to allow reenter into society Unfortunately, financial constraints limited this approach
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) applied the medical model to the field of mental illness Mental disorders were seen as organic in nature and their diagnosis and treatment were a medical matter Hence, those diagnosed with mental illness were to be treated as patients
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Sigmund Freud was initially a proponent of the medical model but would later revolutionize the treatment of mental illness with the psychoanalytic method The patient/client would share thoughts with the therapist and the therapist would interpret the nature of their repression and suggest curative approaches
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Electroshock therapy was developed in the 1940s and use for a variety of conditions through the 1960s It was effective for depression but less so for other conditions
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Subsequent to the 1960s psychotropic medications gained popularity These drugs act upon the brain and are currently the most common approach to the treatment of mental illness The study of the preparation, use, and effect of these drugs is pharmacology
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Medical Model and Mental Illness Psychopharmacology “focuses on the psychological effects of and the use of drugs to treat symptoms of mental and emotional disorders”
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Psychiatric medication Antipsychotics (major tranquilizers) –Haldol, Mellaril, Thorazine Antidepressants (relieve depression) –Elavil, Prozac Antianxiety drugs (minor tranquilizers) –Valium, Librium, Xanax) Narcotic Pain Meds
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Public Health Model Somewhat difficult to define It can be seen as to bridge the gap between medical model and human services model Improving public health means improving education, nutrition, food safety, water supplies, immunization, maternal and child health
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Public Health Model Extension of medical model Focuses on groups in population identified by geography, problems (abuse or poverty), or characteristics (elderly, children) Illness /problem evaluated for impact on individual and on society Treatment=treating individual and societal prevention
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Human Service Model Focuses on interaction between individual and environment Stresses need for balance Client/consumer/customer Focus on interpersonal and environmental conflicts Treatment=problem solving Strengths-based
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Human Service Model Characteristics –Generic focus –Accessible, comprehensive, coordinated –Problem solving approach –Whole person –Accountable to consumer
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Problem Solving Approach General orientation Problem identification Generating alternatives Decision making Evaluation
Copyright © 2012 Brooks/Cole, a division of Cengage Learning, Inc. Conclusion All three models are in use today Agencies may prefer one over the other depending on mission Workers are usually skilled in and identify with one model
BCCO PCT #4 PowerPoint AND Intermediate CIT Course TCOLE Course # 3841 Texas Commission On Law Enforcement Participant Handout UNIT FOUR.
BCCO PCT #4 PowerPoint AND Intermediate CIT Course TCOLE Course # 3841 Texas Commission On Law Enforcement UNIT FOUR.
Those in the field of abnormal psychology study people's emotional, cognitive, and/or behavioral problems. Abnormal behavior may be defined as behavior.
Chapter 12 Therapies. Copyright © 1999 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2 The Nature of Therapy: Historical Viewpoint Trephining –chipping a hole in.
© 2011 Brooks/Cole, A Division of Cengage Learning Chapter 1 Introduction to a Child's World The honor of one is the honor of all The hurt of one is the.
Mental Health Nursing Care Copyright ©2009 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Mental Health Nursing Care,
Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 35Seriously and Persistently Mentally Ill, Homeless, or Incarcerated Clients.
Chapter 1 Abnormal Psychology: Past and Present Dr. Haghighi, MD.
Biomedical Treatment Approaches AP Psychology. Neuroleptics (antipsychotics) Help reduce symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, paranoia Used in.
Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders.
Professor Veronica Emilia Nuzzolo © 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Introductory Psychology Concepts CHAPTER 13 THERAPY AND TREATMENT.
What Therapies Are Used to Treat Psychological Problems?
MENTAL DISORDER An illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful,
Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Who Seeks Treatment? 15% of U.S. population in a given year Most common presenting problems Anxiety and Depression.
Therapy Any treatment process for mental disorders Variety of types Psychological (psychotherapy) Biomedical Common element: a relationship focused on.
Chronic Illness and Older Adults Chapter 5 Overview Copyright © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 4 Treatment Settings and Therapeutic Programs.
HEALH CARE DELIVERY SYSTEM General Hospital l Facility where patients are hospitalized a short time (few days to a few weeks) l Provide a wide range.
Copyright © 2012, 2007, 2003, 1997, 1991 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. 1 CHAPTER 29 COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL CAREERS.
1 Care for Injection Drug Users (IDUs) with HIV HAIVN Havard Medical School AIDS Initiative in Vietnam.
Chapter 13: Treating Psychological Disorders Amber Gilewski Tompkins Cortland Community College.
Treatment of Psychological Disorders Chapter 15. Insight Therapies Psycho-analysis Client-Centered Therapies Gestalt-humanistic therapy.
Getting Help Lesson 3 Pages When to get help 1.If you have feelings of being trapped or you worry all the time. 2.If your sleep, eating habits,
What Sigmund Frued Did For A Living Sigmund Freud worked in association with another Viennese hypnotherapist named Josef Breuer in the preparation and.
Chapter 9, Lesson 3 Guided Reading Activity Describe six persistent feelings or behaviors that signal the need to seek help dealing with mental.
Psychotherapy Life is not a problem to be solved, but a mystery to be lived. Thomas Merton.
Psychotherapy (Chapter 19) Second Lecture Outline : Humanistic therapies Drug and behavior therapies Cognitive-behavioral approaches Video 101: Cognitive-behavioral.
Chapter 16 Treatment of Psychological Disorders. Table of Contents Types of Treatment Analyze This and Analyze That - misconceptions Types of therapies.
Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 5 Treatments for Abnormality.
Therapy Chapter 17-5 Objectives The Biomedical Therapies These include physical, medicinal, and other forms of biological therapies. 1.Drug Treatments.
Therapies. Types of Therapy Psychotherapy—use of psychological techniques to treat emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems Biomedical—use of.
28 November rd Annual Canadian Employee Benefits Conference Ambrose M. Hearn, CHE CEO, VON Canada 1 NATIONAL VIEW OF AN AGING POPULATION BRIDGE.
Chapter 8 Mental Disorder. Introduction About 50% of American adults suffer from a mental disorder during their lifetime Depression is "the common cold.
Chapter 17: Therapy Overview of Modern Therapy. What are the two major approaches to therapy? List the four types of psychotherapy. What is the role of.
Chapter 10 Lesson 3 – Getting Help. Signs of Mental Health Problems Prolonged sadness for no specific reason Hopelessness Violent or erratic mood shifts.
Chapter 16 TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Analyze This and Analyze That - misconceptions Types of therapies Insight therapies “talk therapy”
Therapy Chapter 16 & Some of Chapter 14. What is therapy? Psychological Therapies Psychological Therapies Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic Humanistic Humanistic.
Mosby items and derived items © 2009 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. 1 Chapter 14 Problems of Adolescence.
Consumer Health Mental Health Care. Extent of mental health needs Practitioners Types therapy Selecting a therapist Hospital care Questionable “self-help”
Introduction to community health nursing Presented by: DR/Amira Yahia Assistant professor
1. Therapy Two main categories: The Psychological Therapies The Biomedical Therapies The Psychological Therapies – called psychotherapy Cause of symptoms.
Psychological Therapies How can we make mentally ill people better? If we can’t cure them, can we at least allow them to live relatively normal and happy.
Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst.
Social Problems: A Down-To-Earth Approach, Tenth Edition by James M. Henslin ©2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Chapter 10 Medical Care:
1 PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers Worth Publishers, © 2007.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter 1 Introduction and History of Psychology.
Psychotherapy (Chapter 19) Second Lecture Outline : Drug therapies Behavior therapy Cognitive-behavioral approaches.
The Biomedical Therapies Chapter 15, Lecture 4 “As we have seen over and again, a human being is an integrated biopsychosocial system. For years, we have.
MONSTER treatments session! Treatments from the 4 approaches to abnormality…
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.