2 cKinetics is a specialized Sustainability Advisory Firm providing end-to-end solutions for investors and businessesSustainability Blueprint and Business AdvisoryResource efficiency roadmap & ImplementationProduct assessment and designMarket entry strategy and positioningBusiness ReportingMarket Access and InsightState of Sector ReportsESG research and analysis in IndiaMarket development platformsRegulatory and Policy analysisVenture Creation and IncubationOpportunity identification and venture discoveryNeed and market validationVenture creation and accelerationInvestment and Risk AdvisoryStructuring project financeProgrammatic Finance InterventionsRisk advisoryCarbon markets and access to climate financecKinetics services its clients through offices in New Delhi, India and California, USAClients include brands, retailers, manufacturers, investors and government agenciesAccelerating actions on Sustainable Practices that include (a) Closed loop systems,(b) Decentralized production and consumption, and (c) Resource conservationIndia HQ: New DelhiUS: Palo Alto
3 Creating Value Out of Waste Municipal Solid WasteRecyclablesRecyclingConstruction and Demolition WasteOrganic WasteCompostingBiomethanationInorganic Combustible WasteGasificationIncinerationPyrolysisWASTE TO MATERIALS RECOVERYWASTE TO ENERGY RECOVERY
4 Segregation and Collection Transportation and Storage Business opportunities across different stages of the waste management value chainService contract for waste collection at source (both residential and commercial customers)Collection of recyclable materials for sale in local marketSegregation and CollectionTransportation and StorageProcessingDisposalSetting up and maintenance of transfer stationsService contract for transportation of waste from collection centres to processing centres for energy and material recoverySetting up and maintenance of waste processing plants (including waste to energy plants, RDF generation, composting systems and recycling plants)Design and construction of Sanitary LandfillsGiven the limited financial and operational capacities of the municipalities, Public Private Partnerships (PPP) can play a key role in developing solid waste management systems in urban areas
5 Investment levels in processing waste could touch USD 1 Investment levels in processing waste could touch USD 1.5 Billion by 2017
6 Government support needed to attract private participation in urban waste management in India Setting up waste processing plants entail a high capital expenditure cost and their financial viability is dependent on financing structure of their capex along with operating expenditures viz-a-viz the return generated from recoveriesViability gap exists between the amount spent by the concessionaire on processing the waste and the income derived from the products/recoveries. Viability gap can be met by: Payment of tipping fee, Increasing capital subsidy , Increasing purchase price of electricity generatedAnalysis of the financial viability of an indicative waste to energy plant (using bio-methanation technology) with 500 TPD waste processing capacity operating for 12 hours daily shows that with existing capital subsidy provided by MNRE (max of Rs 10 cr per plant), prevailing average electricity selling price (Rs 3.5/kWh), zero tipping fee and considering 80:20 capitalization with interest rate for 7 year term, the plant will not generate a positive rate of return and thus is not financially sustainable.
7 Way forward: Urban Waste Management Maturity Model Urban Waste Management Framework (UWMF) has been conceptualized for the creation of a highly comprehensive and integrated urban solid waste management system in IndiaURBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK (UWMF)Level 1Level 2Level 3BASIC INTERMEDIATEADVANCEDFocus AreaAccessEfficiencySystems and BehaviorWhat does this model encompassCreating a complete (100% collection), convenient (door-to-door), accessible and policy compliant urban waste management systemCreating an efficient, streamlined and aggregated waste management system for effective waste processingCreating a highly comprehensive, inclusive and integrated waste management system for reduction of overall waste generation through behavioral toolsTime Frame of implementationShort TermMedium TermLong Term
8 Action Agenda: Roadmap for the future For access to dataFor increasing segregationFor improved waste collectionShort term (by 2017)Conducting detailed surveys to understand waste generation quantum and composition in urban centres.Technical manuals for each type of waste and end use applications should be prepared for the benefit of all stakeholders.Generating community awareness about impacts of poor solid waste management practices – to improve segregation of wasteIncreasing municipal waste collection to 100% in all urban regionsProviding color coded waste binsTransportation of waste through covered garbage trucks and/or compactorsCollecting data on informal waste picking sector to enable designing of better collection modelsMedium term (by 2025)Developing national and state level data banks to capture and disseminate information on characteristics of waste generated, potential for segregation, reuse, recycling and management of MSW which is periodically updated.Setting up sorting sheds by municipalities and local communities to enable local sorting and segregation reducing transportation costsCapacity building of existing staff and increasing technical staffPromoting informal waste collector’s cooperativesSetting targets for plastic manufacturers for EPR
9 Action Agenda: Roadmap for the future For appropriate waste processing and disposalFor better policy frameworkFor better financing environmentShort term (by 2017)Creating technical guidelines for enabling municipalities to choose the correct waste processing options based on the composition and quantum of wasteIdentifying sanitary landfilling sites in the high priority regions by ULBsEnsuring the development of State Policies for municipal waste managementAmendment of MSW Rules to incorporate waste reducing, reusing and recycling methodsBuilding capacities of the local staff for planning, tendering, supervision and monitoringProviding tax concessions (Excise/ VAT) on products such as RDF and C&D productsIncluding waste to energy projects for financing through the National Clean Energy Fund and clearly defining the modalities for getting the fundingMedium term (by 2025)Setting up demonstration units for waste processing technologiesPromoting composting as a decentralized waste processing method especially for householdsDeveloping co-marketing policies for compost with chemical fertilizersIncreasing inter-governmental coordination between urban, agriculture, and energy departments for clear and targeted policies and cohesive implementationCreating specific guidelines for management of special waste (such as sanitary napkins and diapers)Developing output based incentives schemes for compliant processing operationsDeveloping feed-in tariffs to facilitate the sale of biogas and RDF as alternative energy sources.Developing buy-back and basket approaches for composting